Advice 1: What documents should I check when buying land

Purchase of a land plot – it is responsible. You need to consider that the seller or mediating Agency is interested to sell, can tell you not all information about it. Therefore, you should check all information provided on the site documents, not to buy a "pig in a poke".
What documents should I check when buying land
First of all, the seller should be issued the property right to this land. It is confirmed by an appropriate Certificate of the state sample with a holographic sticker. In the case when land is sold without this document, albeit cheaper, better to abandon such a purchase, not to buy land, which is owned by the rights-squatting, that is, illegally. Subsequently register such land in his possession would be problematic, and, perhaps, to make it fail.
If the name of the seller acting his agent, ensure that the power of attorney of the established sample was certified by a notary. Check the data, the data of the passport of the intermediary.
The certificate of state registration of rights of land ownership and the cadastral or surveying plan, which is the basis for registration in the land register, there must be information about the category of land on which is located this plot. In that case, when you want to build a residential house, it is better, if the category is "for individual housing construction". In this case, you can expect that the municipal authorities will ensure that the routing and maintenance of roads, as well as the main utilities. If it is agricultural land, for gardening or summer houses, laying of roads and communications will be conducted by horticulturists and gardeners. Plots located on the forest lands can not be sold – they can only be rented.
Check that in the certificate, cadastral and boundary plans were required to indicate the cadastral number. Ensure that the site is uniquely identified and has one owner. If the room is not rated, it may be that this piece of land has another owner, and, perhaps, not even one – the site was sold several times. Please note that the package of documents was an extract from EGRP – Single state register of rights to immovable property and transactions with it. It is also proof that the land included in the registers only once.
If your seller is married, the package of documents on the site must include the written consent of his spouse on sale of the site. If the seller is a minor citizen must have written consent to sell the land from bodies of guardianship and guardianship.
Check all the information about the site indicated in all the documents – they must be identical.

Advice 2 : How to check the site before buying

When purchasing land there is always a big risk to fall into the trap of scams. The most common method of fraud in the real estate market – cleverly planned the substitution of the land.
Checking the site
According to many experts in the field of sale and purchase of real estate, in recent years, fraudsters have become more planned, and this in turn means that the number of victims of land scams is growing.

Most often naive buyer country land fall for scams in those cases, if they were not thorough verification of the identity of the seller and all the documents involved in the transaction of purchase and sale.

Often it happens that instead of the desired and supposedly properly designed land plot, the buyer receives is not what was expected. His property may get land on the dump at the bus stop, in the vicinity of any chemical plant or a piece of land among impassable swamps.

So how do you protect yourself? How not to fall into the cleverly spaced network of fraudsters who are the real "Pro" illegal craft?

Check the identity of the seller and all documentation

An honest man has nothing to hide. This rule applies to the seller of the land. The seller is not a crook, nothing would have mind if the buyer asks him to show his passport, which shows the permanent place of residence and other important data.

Also, the buyer should require to check the documents regarding the actual land in which to present all the necessary information: the address of the object of sale, inventory number, certificate of absence of arrests and charges, the document stating the actual square footage.

In addition, the seller must provide the certificate of state registration of land with all signatures and seals. After checking the certificate, buyer will be aware of the purpose. So, if the document stated that the plot belongs to the category of lands of agricultural purpose, you should know that the construction of any residential properties it is prohibited.

Internet help!

In order to be completely sure of the authenticity provided by the seller data about a plot, you need to visit the site This resource belongs to Management of Federal registration service of real estate and its database stores all the necessary documents.

Clicking on the menu item "Public cadastral chamber", the buyer may verify information contained in documentation of the seller: the actual address, actual size, configuration and location of the land. It is also necessary to study and map available on the website as it lists all the objects that are in the vicinity of the land.
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