Advice 1: What tests to take to check the intestines

Bowel disease is no laughing matter and can result in various complications. In order not to risk the health, there should be a periodic diagnosis of the health of the digestive system.
What tests to take to check the intestines
As soon as the first symptoms appear in the form of pains and disorders, you should consult with a specialist who can prescribe a wide range of tests to check the bowel.

The tests needed for the diagnosis of intestinal diseases



General analysis of blood and urine. It is important to check the level of hemoglobin and erythrocytes, leukocytes and ESR determines the existence of the inflammatory process.

Abdominal ultrasound allows you to see the size of the bodies, the indirect signs of gastritis and gastroduodenitis. You can also examine the contractile function of the gallbladder.

Coprology. Analysis of the feces, which "tells" about how to digest proteins, fats and fiber. The analysis on a dysbacteriosis will help to determine the existence of chronic infection. Cal carbohydrates - will allow to study the assimilation of glucose, lactose, starch and to identify functional disorders. Scraping will reveal intestinal parasites.

Endoscopy – gastroscopy allows us to consider the lining of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum for early diagnosis of ulcers and possible cancer.

Colonoscopy – a type of gastroscopy, but in this case, the endoscope is introduced behind and examine the rectum and colon.

Laparoscopy – endoscopic method, in which the apparatus is introduced into the hole, especially done by the doctor in the front of the abdomen. Applies when considering the threat of appendicitis, peritonitis, liver disease and gall bladder.

Biopsy. In the course of such examination is taken a small part of the gastrointestinal mucosa or tumor and studied under a microscope. This procedure is painless and fairly accurate and gives a great amount of information.

Sounding of the stomach contributes to gastric juice and a small amount of what is contained in the duodenum. Usually required for gastritis.

X – ray irrigoradiography lets you find out about the cluster gas, the presence of tumors and stones, and foreign objects (possibly accidentally swallowed). In addition, this part of the survey shows the different permeability of the gastrointestinal tract.

Biochemistry. Such measures as Alt, AST, bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, and cholesterol will directly explain the current quality of the liver.

Research on the infection. In addition to infectious agents that can cause acute illness, there are microorganisms living in the intestines and causing chronic gastrointestinal diseases. For this reason this study is necessary.

Treatment



In identifying various diseases of the intestine is required course treatment. Often the treatment can be carried out at home, but some forms of the disease require a more serious approach when the patient is placed on the hospital or the infectious Department.

Treatment of intestinal diseases, mostly carried out with the use of antibiotics. In this case, upon completion of the course the treatment will need to recovery rate - the use of preparations containing lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria. In rare cases, the treatment of the intestine is allowed simultaneous reception of these drugs and antibiotics.

Advice 2: How to check the intestines

Medical procedure that is performed in order to check the bowel, called a colonoscopy. Using a special probe, the physician examines the inner surface of the colon and assess its condition. It is necessary in the presence of symptoms such as irregular bowel movement, bloating, pain, separation from the rectum of blood or mucus. Colonoscopy allows to detect or exclude diseases such as colitis, cancer, a polyp.
How to check the intestines
Instruction
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Сначала нужно обратиться к гастроэнтерологу или проктологу. Врач выслушает жалобы пациента, проведет консультацию и назначит обследования. На первом же приеме доктор проведет пальпацию. Уже на этом этапе можно получить или подтвердить подозрения на то или иное заболевание.
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Основной вид диагностики, который наиболее точен и рекомендован к применению докторами – колоноскопия. Эта процедура проводится с применением специального устройства – зонда. Он вводится в кишечник пациента, и врач на мониторе видит состояние слизистых, полостей, внутренней поверхности этого органа. Манипуляция проводится при различных жалобах пациентов, основные из которых: нарушение стула, метеоризм, наличие постоянных или периодических болевых ощущений, выделений крови или слизи во время процесса дефекации. С помощью колоноскопии возможно выявить или исключить: колит, полипы, онкологические новообразования.

Колоноскопию не будут проводить, если у человека плохая свертываемость крови, имеются отклонения в работе легких или сердца, а также есть остропротекающие заболевания, инфекция.
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Процедура колоноскопии не болезненна. Большинство пациентов испытывают легкий дискомфорт в период ее проведения, но переносят манипуляцию весьма неплохо. В период осмотра посредством зонда стоит выполнять все рекомендации доктора и его ассистента. Они обязательно постараются свести неприятные ощущения к минимуму или вовсе исключить их. На современном оборудовании практически невозможно получить инфекцию в процессе обследования. Кроме того, доктора обязательно соблюдают порядок дезинфекции.

Нужно провести небольшую подготовку к колоноскопии. Она заключается в приеме обезболивающего, на случай, если дискомфорт возникнет и спазмалитика, чтобы расслабить мускулатуру.

На проведение колоноскопии потребуется не более 20 минут. Пациенту необходимо снять одежду, что ниже пояса. В некоторых клиниках предусмотрена выдача одноразового белья на время проведения диагностики. Как только пациент готов к манипуляции, в просвет толстой кишки заводят зонд, постепенно продвигая его вглубь. При этом подается воздух, который позволяет двигать колоноскоп в кишечнике. Может появиться небольшое вздутие живота, но это ощущение скоро пройдет. В период совершения колоноскопии доктора обычно просят пациентов поворачиваться на бок, спину, ложиться на живот.

После проведения процедуры человеку рекомендуют соблюдать диету в течение пары недель. Нужно снять вздутие живота. Для этого из рациона исключаются продукты, вызывающие метеоризм. Среди них: капуста любого сорта, бобовые культуры (чечевица, фасоль, горох), черный хлеб, хлебобулочные изделия на основе дрожжевого теста, яблоки. Врач порекомендует препараты для скорейшего выведения газов.
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Еще один не менее популярный и действенный способ проверки кишечника – ректороманоскопия. Этот тип процедуры позволяет диагностировать рак, колит, энтероколит. Посредством такого метода можно обследовать не только толстый кишечник, но и прямую кишку. Зонд заглубляется в среднем на 35 см, что позволяет провести наиболее точное исследование.
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Диагностировать различные серьезные заболевания кишечника возможно и с помощью рентгеноборудования. Этот метод именуют ирригоскопия. Через анальное отверстие пациенту вводят бариевую взвесь. При проведении снимков пациент фиксируется боковой частью, а затем в прямой проекции. Этот тип диагностики позволяет выявить наличие в кишечнике полипов, различных наростов, свищей, воспалительных явлений, новообразований, в том числе и злокачественных. Посредством рентгенологического обследования кишечника врач оценивает и эластичность его стенок. Противопоказанием к ирригоскопии является период осложнения заболевания.
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Широко применяется и метод УЗИ-обследования для диагностирования различных недугов желудочно-кишечного тракта. Чтобы проверить кишечник на этом аппарате потребуется не более 15 минут. Но к процедуре нужно подготовиться за пару недель. Нужно соблюдать специальную диету. Необходимо отказаться от продуктов, вызывающих повышенное газообразование. Стоит исключить из рациона жирное, алкоголь, газировку, копченое, сладости, чрезмерно соленое, блюда с большим количеством специй.

За пару дней до УЗИ кишечника назначают прием активированного угля. Перед обследованием, на ночь, делается клизма. Только в случае соблюдения всех вышеперечисленных условий результат исследования будет оптимальным и точным. Непосредственно перед проведением процедуры в кишечник вводят жидкость и сразу сканируют орган. УЗИ кишечника можно проводить ректально, что не требует введения особой жидкости.
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Чтобы оценить работу кишечника, можно проводить и лабораторные исследования крови. Диагностировать вид опухоли или наличие полипов это не поможет, но посредством проведения анализов можно установить имеющиеся отклонения в работе организма и соотнести их с другими, проведенными ранее обследованиями. Когда смотрят результаты анализа крови, оценивают количество эритроцитов и уровень гемоглобина.

Делается анализ крови на онкомаркеры. Это вещества, которые вбрасываются в кровь, если в организме имеется злокачественное новообразование. В лабораторных условиях рекомендовано оценить и состояние кала. Его можно проверить на наличие слизи или скрытых следов крови. Это характерно для опухоли, полипов. К лабораторным исследованиям доктора относят и проведение биопсии. Под микроскопом изучается кусочек ткани, извлеченный из кишечника.

Advice 3: How to check cholesterol

High level of cholesterol can cause such serious diseases are difficult for the body to consequences like atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, angina, stroke and mini-stroke. In order to avoid this, it is important to know how to check the level of cholesterol.
How to check cholesterol
Instruction
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First and foremost, anyone watching their health, people should know that the level of cholesterol in the blood should be checked at least every 5 years. The total level of cholesterol in people with diseases of cardiovascular system and diabetes mellitus should not be less than 4.5 mmol/l For healthy people, the rate of cholesterol should not fall below 5 mmol/L.
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In order to check the level of cholesterol, hand over the biochemical analysis of blood in the hospital. A minimum of 12 hours before blood sampling do not eat anything.
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In recent time there appeared a special devices that operate on the principle of the portable measuring blood sugar level and which in a domestic environment can determine the level of cholesterol. In order to check the level of cholesterol in such a device is placed in a special strip with the blood. On the widespread use of these devices due to their high cost to speak while early, however, anyone with the means people will always be able to purchase such a device for yourself.
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Especially about checking the level of cholesterol it is worth considering those people who are overweight, do not lead an active lifestyle, do not drink daily fresh vegetables and fruits, and dairy products. At risk are those people who constantly cook with grease often include in your diet foods such as cookies, sausage, margarine, canned. Much to think about checking the level of cholesterol costs and those whose age exceeds 50 years and people who have a family or a person with a diagnosis of "type II diabetes".
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As for the method of reducing the level of cholesterol in the blood, today the most commonly used medical method. The most common drugs: aspirin, statins, Niacin. Often, doctors prescribe to patients with high levels of cholesterol and drugs to reduce triglycerides, and antihypertensive drugs.

Advice 4: How to swallow "gut" when endoscopy

Anyone who has ever swallowed of "intestine" in endoscopy, knows how unpleasant and even nasty is this aimed at identifying abnormalities in the digestive tract procedure. Many of those sitting near the doctor's office and waiting for the passage of the endoscopy patients worried even not because of how severe the doctor delivered the diagnosis, and what feelings they have to experience in the process of the survey. And each of them concerned with the question: "How to go through the procedure endoscopy the most relaxed and painless?".
How to swallow "gut" when endoscopy

How to prepare for EGD



The main purpose of the endoscopy – inspection of the mucous membrane of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum and to identify any abnormalities in their work. Despite the fact that no pain sensation during immersion of the gastroscope in the digestive tract of the patient doesn't feel that endoscopy is one of the most unpleasant medical procedures, and therefore causes many people a lot of excitement and experiences. In fact, do not be afraid to swallow the "gut". The procedure will take place quickly and calmly if correctly to prepare for it.

On the day of the procedure, endoscopy is recommended to abandon not only food and no drink but also from Smoking.
Before endoscopy, the patient is advised to avoid eating fatty foods and limit light dinner, which could include porridge, cereal, fruit and tea. The procedure is performed strictly on an empty stomach, usually in the morning. Before the study, as an exception, admission of pure non-carbonated water in small quantities.

To facilitate the process of ingestion "guts" and make the study as fast as possible will help strict adherence to all the instructions of performing EGD and the doctor present during the procedure nurses.

How is endoscopy



The procedure is administered by the endoscope, an elastic-driven specialist tube, popularly called the "tube" in the mouth lying on the left side of the patient, and further inspection of the mucous membranes of the digestive tract. Before endoscopy to suppress the gag reflex throat of the patient is treated with a solution of anesthetic, and its mouth is inserted a special endoscope which protects the teeth and the mouthpiece, it is not hindering breathing.

Often endoscopy is performed under local anesthesia, and only in some cases, when excessive anxiety of the patient, or finding him unconscious using General anesthesia.
During endoscopy the patient should not restrain outflow of saliva from the corner of his mouth and to swallow accumulated in oral fluid. If spit saliva independently of the patient does not work, the doctor uses for this purpose, a special suction apparatus.

In the process of endoscopy, and it was during the administration introduced into the body by the endoscope, the patient may experience a feeling of pressure and discomfort in the abdomen. The duration of the procedure can range from 10 to 30 minutes.

Advice 5: What tests to pass in Oncology

For the diagnosis of cancer doctors conducted a series of tests that allow you to put more accurate diagnosis of existing disease and assign the appropriate therapy. During the examination, blood tests, palpation of the tumor (if possible), endoscopy, x-rays, the echolocation and biopsy.
What tests to pass in Oncology

A blood test



The blood analysis allows to confirm the diagnosis of cancer and to determine the approximate location of the malignancy. Determination of the extent of the disease and its localization is carried out based on specific tumor markers, i.e. substances that are released only in the tumour cells and enter directly into the blood.

Also the calculation takes the number of leukocytes in the blood, which is increased in the presence of a nodule. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate will also be high. The level of hemoglobin in cancer patients is significantly reduced. It is worth noting that the blood test does not diagnose the tumor, but only enables the physician to obtain a General picture of the disease. The blood composition may change depending on the patient's lifestyle, health status, and the presence of other diseases.

For more accurate diagnosis can be carried out urine analysis on the basis of which is determined by the amount of protein secreted in the patient, and the presence of hematuria (blood in urine). Excess levels of protein may indicate problems with the kidneys or cardiovascular system. Blood in the urine may indicate the presence of benign or malignant tumors, infections or structural problems of organs.

Endoscopy



During the endoscopy, the patient is injected a plastic tube on the end of which is a small camera with a light bulb. The image is transmitted to a monitor through which the doctor is able to see the tumor and take a tissue sample (biopsy) for further analysis. The advantage of endoscopy is the ability to see the tumor, determine its exact location. Depending on the body part where the research may apply different techniques. Thus, colonoscopy allows to see the cancer of a direct gut, and laparoscopy provides the opportunity to examine the abdominal cavity through a small incision.

Biopsy



A tissue sample for biopsy is taken in the process of endoscopy, and directly using a special needle, if the doctor knows the exact location of the tumor. Before the procedure is performed under local anesthesia. Long and thin needle is inserted into the area of the tumor. With a special syringe runs a fence of fluid from the tumor to send to the lab. Based on these results, we can prescribe treatment.

Other methods



Also used for diagnostic x-ray, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasonography (us). These methods allow to obtain information on the accurate location of tumor, to establish its size. These technologies are used in the case when to determine an approximate location of the tumor other methods is not possible.

Advice 6: How to check the intestines

To check your intestines, it is best to consult a doctor. There are several ways to study, and the specialist will select the best. In addition, you can use folk remedies.
To check the intestines, consult a doctor
Instruction
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Only a specialist can properly evaluate and analyze the functioning of any organ. There are several methods of examination of the intestines, one of them is ultrasound. With the help of ultrasound can detect some pathology, but not all. This is due to availability only bowel located directly adjacent to the abdominal wall. Ultrasound should be prepared in advance. Within three days should follow a diet and take medications improving digestion and reducing flatulence. Before the procedure, the bowel needs to be emptied.
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Verification of the intestine can be various hardware methods such as anoscopy, colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy. They are all similar and require the introduction into the rectum through the anus of special devices, equipped with cameras. Such a study allows us to detect polyps, fissures, tumors, stagnation of feces. All hardware diagnostic procedures require some preparation, in particular dieting and bowel movement. And since these manipulations are quite unpleasant and even painful, it is often used in anesthesia.
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Another way to check the bowel is x-ray examination called a barium enema. The essence of this method lies in the fact that at first in the intestine using an enema the injection of contrast medium which is a solution of barium. Then the picture is taken. X-rays are absorbed by the barium, which enables the detection of some pathology. Most often the study is conducted twice. The first picture is taken immediately after administration of contrast material, and the other after the release of the intestine from the solution. Thus, the doctor will be able to see the difference and to assess the condition of the gut.
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If you want to check yourself, try, use the folk remedy. Grate raw beets on a grater and then squeeze out the pulp juice and let stand two hours. Drink a half Cup and follow the emptying of the bladder or bowel. If the urine will become beet hue, and the bowel is not emptied, it can talk about serious issues.
Note
If you have problems with bowel movement, immediately contact your doctor. Constipation is very dangerous and threaten the formation of fecal stones and perforation of the colon.
Useful advice
Always monitor your digestion in order to avoid serious problems.
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