Malignant neoplasms are more common in people under 30 years of age. In older people they usually represent metastases of tumors of other organs.

Malignant tumors of bone and cartilage

The most common malignant tumor of bone – osteosarcoma. Most often it occurs in people 10 to 30 years, at least – in the elderly, and very rare in middle-age. This tumor affects the bones of the pelvis and extremities.

Chondrosarcoma – a tumor of cartilage tissue, occurring on the bones of the pelvis, extremities, rarely on the ribs, and sometimes the result of the degeneration of benign tumors. The disease risk increases after 20 years.

Ewing's sarcoma affects the bones of the hands and feet, often found in children and adolescents after the age of 30 is diagnosed very rarely.

Chordoma is formed in the spine or in the skull base.

The main symptom of any malignant bone tumors is pain, gradually growing with the growth of the tumor. At an early stage the pain is felt either at night or with activity.

Less common other symptoms: profuse sweating at night, weight loss, chills. The tumor bones become more fragile, even a minor injury, easily lead to fractures.

Treatment of bone sarcomas

The treatment begins with an accurate diagnosis. The main method of diagnosis in these diseases x-ray examination. To clarify the diagnosis applies a bone scan, needle aspiration or open biopsy in which a doctor under local or General anesthesia takes a sample of the suspicious tissue, and examined under a microscope in search of cancer cells. Also used ultrasound and computed tomography.

The main methods of treatment of sarcoma – radiation therapy, chemotherapy and surgery. Which method is chosen depends on the nature of the tumor, the stage of the disease. Perhaps a combination of several methods.

Not so long ago, when bone sarcoma is the only method of surgical treatment was amputation of the affected limb, but now in most cases it is possible to do without it. The tumor was removed together with adjacent healthy tissue and to repair damaged bones used transplantation of tissue or bone cement.

Before surgery chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Both methods reduce the size of the tumor. After the surgery using these methods destroy any remaining cancer cells.

Some patients are pessimistic in assessing their perspectives of sarcoma of the bone, and even believe that "it makes no sense to treat an incurable illness. Meanwhile, the prognosis of malignant tumors of skeletal system are quite good. The survival rate is 80%. Of course, we are talking about those patients who just went to the doctor and did not allow the pathological process to go too far.