The diagnosis of "pneumonia" consists of a set of indicators. If you suspect pneumonia, the doctor must conduct an objective inspection:
— count pulse, it can be upgraded;
— measure body temperature, it also increases with inflammation;
— listen to the heartbeat, depending on the severity of the condition sound heart sounds can be changed;
— listen to breathing, to assess wheezing, their localization and size, often with wheezing due to cough;
— define the boundaries of normal lung tissue by percussion (tapping).
To complete the clinical diagnosis, in addition to the inspection, the necessary data of laboratory and instrumental studies. Without them, the diagnosis will be justified.
In addition to the General objective of inspection for the diagnosis will need the data of laboratory and non-invasive methods.
The picture light can only provide x-ray diffraction study, so the light will need to be done. It will clearly see what changes have occurred in the lung tissue where it is affected area and what size. Often on the basis of the image and put the final diagnosis.
The first type of mandatory laboratory tests is a common blood test.
In General blood analysis there are few reliable indicators of the inflammatory process in the body:
the level of leukocytes in the blood increases, sometimes significantly;
— changes in leucoformula (i.e., the ratio of different types of white blood cells), relating to stab neutrophile leucocytes becomes more 6;
— increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate;
— increasing the level of eosinophils (type of white blood cell), is characteristic of eosinophilic pneumonia.
Despite the obvious inflammatory process, the blood reaction will not necessarily be obvious. In some cases, poor state blood test is no good.
In fact, relating to stab neutrophile shift to the left, increase of erythrocyte sedimentation rate and an increase in the General level of leukocytes is characteristic changes to the inflammatory process in the body. But there are situations when explicit disease blood remains calm. It usually happens with a weak immune system. In these cases, not only the blood does not react, but even the temperature is not increasing, remains within 37-37,5°.
In addition, the sluggish reaction of the blood may be observed when inflammation arises after the transferred heavy disease, the body is already exhausted, and to respond appropriately to inflammation can not. And even with pneumonia, the analysis can be good.
Also, the pattern of inflammation may not appear in older patients. The fact is that with age, the reactive capacity of the organism decrease, and even severe diseases are lubricated with clinical and laboratory picture.
That is why the diagnosis is not exhibited only one symptom or clinical indicator.