Advice 1: Reasons for bad blood

Blood tests always accompany people throughout their lives. These laboratory studies can be assigned to the most. With the help of them it is possible to diagnose disease, to assess the condition of the body and to monitor the therapy.
Reasons for bad blood

Why a blood test may be bad



A blood test can be wrong if they revealed deviations from the specific values of key performance indicators. At the same time, there are only two main reasons that characterize bad blood: failure to comply with certain rules before donation and the development of any abnormalities or diseases in the human body.

In turn, if the cause of bad blood is the result of improper preparation of the patient before the procedure. In this case, receiving a specialist referral for blood donation, it is necessary to find out how you can properly prepare for this. Many studies require compliance with special rules before the blood test. Thus, often it is enough to follow certain guidelines. For example, most blood tests (the study of hormones, biochemical analysis) must pass the morning on an empty stomach, that is only after 8 hours at least after eating. But common blood test is recommended in some cases to take on an empty stomach, but as a rule suggest that after lunch there were at least 2-3 hours.
It is not recommended to visit sauna or bath, be subjected to any heavy exercise before the blood test.


Also, to avoid bad data, on the eve of blood donation on the study to exclude from the food greasy, spicy, sweet, salty, fried foods and alcoholic beverages. If a person smokes, 2 hours before blood must stop Smoking because it can also affect getting a bad blood test.

Reasons for bad blood



Soybeans in the blood may be the main cause of poor analysis. This product for a long time can remain in the blood, so should not eat before donating blood. Thus, deviations in the present study, blood from normal values can talk about the development of many diseases. It is for the bad blood to identify the disease, even such as cancer.

Reduced hemoglobin in the blood is a more frequent cause of bad blood, especially during pregnancy. Such a deviation of hemoglobin indicates anemia, which can cause oxygen starvation of the body.
Hemoglobin is a special protein that is responsible for the movement of oxygen from the human lung to other organs.


Also cause bad blood can be any operation that was carried out before testing. Inappropriate lymphocyte count may also indicate bad blood. In turn, lymphocytes are a type of white blood cell involved in protecting the human body from penetration of alien viruses and bacteria. They are formed in the bone marrow and exert their activity in lymphoid tissues. A high lymphocyte count can cause the growth of lymph nodes in certain parts of the human body or a certain number of lymph nodes throughout the body.

Advice 2: What blood tests for cancer pass

Cancer is one of the worst diagnoses you can hear. Of course, for many it sounds like a death sentence. It seems that today this disease is one of the most common and affects more and more people. Physicians say that fear has big eyes, and the risk of cancer is only 40% of women and 45% men. This is not the fact that they will have a terrible diagnosis.
What blood tests for cancer pass
Today, the diagnosis on the potential incidence of cancer accounts for a large share in all studies. To determine predisposition to such serious pathology is possible in advance. It's enough to just pass a number of tests, among which the most concentrated in the blood.
It is believed that the earlier cancer is found, the more chances of a person to heal completely from it. Therefore, the diagnosis acts as a method to help save a man's life.


What blood tests need to pass in order to identify cancer



Blood is one of the most accurate indicators for the predisposition and the presence of cancer in the body. So it is taken most often.

The analysis is called "tumor markers". In this different view of most of these markers depending on what type of cancer the person is checked. Tumor markers are substances specific nature, which are of protein origin. They appear only in the presence in the human body of cancerous cells.

The only thing to take into account that the analysis in Oncology is quite expensive. And if you do it in the complex, i.e., checked again for several types of cancer, you may have round the amount. But, on the other hand, health not buy. And if the cancer run, to cure it will cost much more.

A blood test for Oncology for rent from Vienna and is equivalent to the category biochemical. One common clinical in this situation can not do, because it is completely uninformative.

Alternatively, you can just hand over the biochemical analysis of blood. He will also show if there is any change in the blood cells. However, sometimes it shows these changes later when the disease has started to progress.
Biokhimicheskii analysis is often referred to as the starting point for other studies. If the doctor alerted the indicators of this study, it can appoint a more detailed analysis.


Additional research



Blood is, of course, the first thing you recommend to take the doctors to the patient with suspected cancer. However, this is not the only method of diagnosis. And often it is recommended to perform complex.

Among the methods of investigations include ultrasound, MRI, CT and more modern versions. For example, positron emission tomography. It is believed that it is able to determine the cancer is still at a very early stage of its development. Most often this method is used when it is necessary to determine in which direction the cells move.

Radioisotope methods belong to the category of new research methods and can detect cancer when there are no pronounced symptoms. Typically, research on this technique are people with a genetic predisposition to cancer.

It is worth remembering that the chances of successful treatment directly depends on which stage the disease is detected. 0,1 and 2 give good predictions. Here's the chance for a cure is 70 to 90%.

Advice 3: What are the tests before surgery

Each operation leads to a risk of complications. To postoperative period passed with minimal complications, before surgery should undergo a thorough examination and take blood and urine tests to determine certain physiological parameters.
Tests prior to surgery
Instruction
1
1-3 days before the operation the patient must pass a clinical blood. According to his results, the doctor may judge the presence and stage of the inflammatory process. Increased sed rate indicates the inflammatory process, the numbers of the ESR above 30 mmol per liter indicate chronic inflammation. The common cold or purulent contamination of the wound increases the number of leukocytes, shift leukocyte formula to the left – a signal of acute processes in the body, and the right – on the development of radiation sickness or megaloblastic anemia.
2
General blood test show the hemoglobin level. If the patient has signs of anemia in the postoperative period the chances of complications, so the patient is prescribed a special diet and iron supplements. For the surgeon important quantitative results in the analysis of platelets, because these cells are involved in the process of blood clotting and is required for fast wound healing.
3
Another important study is the General analysis of urine. According to the results judged on the work of the urinary system. If the analysis of a protein or red blood cells is a sign of severe kidney pathology, in this case you need to move the date of the transaction, and the acute need for surgical intervention is performed under the influence of drugs that enhance renal function. The presence of salts and sand in the analysis indicates kidney stones. During the operation, such a deviation from the norm requires additional preventative measures do not allow to provoke the movement of stones.
4
Before the operation is necessary to investigate the blood level of the clotting. With a low prothrombin index, a clot will long be formed, which will lead to bleeding. Therefore, patients with low PTI in advance prescribe drugs that increase the level of clotting. High of PTI leads to a rapid thrombosis of blood vessels, blood clots even in the needle when intravenous solutions, which interferes with the normal course of operation, so troversial prescribed drugs.
5
Analysis to determine blood group and RH factor is also required before surgery. Knowledge of the blood group of the patient allow you to prepare in advance of donor blood components in case of postoperative bleeding.
6
Make before surgery and screening tests to determine liver function. In the biochemical blood parameters are important quantitative data of enzymatic substances (Alat, ASAT, amylase), deviations of these indicators from the norm often indicate dysfunction of the liver is a contraindication to a number of operations.

Advice 4: Why is it elevated lipase in the biochemical analysis of blood

According to the results of biochemical blood analysis to judge the condition of the body. The enzyme composition of blood reflects the health of the body, in which a specific enzyme is present in greater quantity.
Why is it elevated lipase in the biochemical analysis of blood

Lipase blood


Lipase is an enzyme (enzyme) that breaks down triglyceride into glycerol and higher fatty acids. Normally, its content in the circulating blood are quite low. This enzyme in the human body produces a number of organs and tissues that allows us to distinguish the origin of gastric lipase, pancreatic lipase lungs, digestive juices, white blood cells etc.

Pancreatic lipase plays a major role in digestion of fats. The most important from a clinical point of view is an enzyme of the pancreas. The normal concentration of enzyme in the blood consider the interval of 0.2-1.5 units (less than 150 u/l). For the diagnosis of diseases is conducted quantitative determination of lipase in the blood with biochemical studies.

The increase in lipase


Since the main source of the enzyme is the pancreas, when the disease occurs a significant release of the enzyme into the bloodstream. When taking certain medications (heparin, narcotic analgesics, hypnotics of the barbituric number, indomethacin) is the increase in the enzyme level in the blood. Violation of metabolism in the body (diabetes, gout, obesity) leads to the identification of the enzyme at higher concentrations.

The increase in the concentration of lipase in the blood is determined in acute pancreatitis, exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis, when blockage of the pancreatic duct (stone, tumor). Determination of the activity of the enzyme is the most informative criterion for the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. Prognosis is poor if the level of lipase in the blood increases by 10 times or more and not reduced to 3-fold excess of the norm over the next few days.

Increased activity of lipase is possible for injuries, wounds, surgeries, fractures, and acute renal failure. In these cases, the determination of lipase is not diagnostic, since the increase in enzyme activity is not specific.

Preparations for the research


To determine the activity of lipase seems to venous blood in the morning on an empty stomach in the treatment room of the medical institution. The day before analysis is recommended diet that excludes the consumption of fatty, hot and spicy food. On the day of the manipulation should not drink tea, coffee, drinks. You should avoid physical exertion, emotional overstimulation. In case of emergency blood from a vein for rent, regardless of the time of day and prior preparation.
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