You will need
- •Sewing machine
- •Scissors with serrated blades
- •Bias binding
One of the most versatile and fastest ways raw edges stitching is a "serger". It can only do specialized under this overcasting stitch sewing machine class "serger". The machine can be three - or carinena with several types obrabotannykh seams. This treatment is suitable for almost all kinds of fabrics. The machine has a knife which cuts the edge of the seam allowance, and then immediately goes to processing. As a rule, such machine is quite high speed and edging products will take you the least time.
If you have no special washing machines and purchase it, you also do not expect, you can handle the edges of the stitching "zigzag", which is almost all modern sewing machines. Not very thin fabrics, such as suiting or dress, which tend to shedding handle seam "zigzag" each edge separately. For fabrics more tightly set the height of the stitch and pitch "zig-zag" more and more lung tissue is smaller.
If you stitched the product is made of thick fabrics which drape or cloth, with no tendency to sloughing, the edges of the products with the help of scissors with zigzag blades. Try to cut this fabric on a small sample and a little remember. If the jagged edge of the cut, not crumbled, then this method suits you.
If your product is made of fine fabric and processing "zigzag" the edges seems very rough, you can do the hem. Bend 3-4 mm of the edge of the seam allowance, priutyuzhte and sew the fabric next to the fold.
Products from heavy or bulky fabrics, for example, the upper garment unlined, can be banded along the edges of seams rolikam of piping. Bake can be purchased at any store that sells sewing accessories. Bake fold in half, wrap it a fabric edge and sew a straight line. For convenience, it is better to tack the bake wide stitches by hand.
Please note that the processing of the edges always has a clear sequence of execution. For example, you first need to stitch the tuck, and then to process the edge of the seam allowance.
If you have to handle the edges of the Jersey, which is strongly stretched, use the services of a knitting Atelier. There is a special machine for processing of knitted sections.
Advice 2 : How to handle chiffon
Chiffon is a delicate fabric, nothing else, emphasizing the lightness and airiness of the female nature. To work with this material it is not easy even for experienced skilled workers: when you cut the fabric "crawls" across the table and confidently aspires to move out with him. Therefore, when cutting chiffon, it is desirable to enclose under it a piece of dense linen fabric. But cutting chiffon is not the most difficult. No less difficult to process the edges of products made of this material here without the advice of experienced seamstresses can't do.
Keep in mind, when working with chiffon, use only fine sewing needle, without any defects. How to handle chiffon depends primarily on the model of the product. If it is a plain long skirt, not sewn on the bias, the first structures along the line of cut with the serger or a zigzag stitch on the machine, and it needs to be wide and long, and wide. Then fold the fabric into 3-5mm and just prostrochite. A short skirt can be laced in the same way, as well as blouses, shirts, sleeves of chiffon, bending the edge of the after processing not once, but twice.
But the skirt sewn on the bias, the edges of the product small zigzag. It will make hem more wavy, which visually embellish the product.
Hem skirts will utility piping, then chiffon would be nice to lie, not sadiras and not going. For this purpose, the tissue section second process described above, investing in the line of zigzag elastic fishing line, which will give the hem beautiful wave. Keep in mind, the fishing line sewn in correctly, if it can be freely pulled from the suture by slipping anywhere, i.e. the needle of the machine should not fall on the line.
Speaking about handling chiffon, one could mention the so-called "French seam". Once it was used for sewing the most exquisite products of honey and light fabrics. This seam is difficult to execute it it is necessary very accurately to the front side of the product was not visible the threads that fall from the cut fabric in the seam.
Now, fold the details of the product wrong side inside and sew a seam width of 5mm. zautyuzhte Allowances to one side and then trim it to 3mm. After this, remove the seam on the wrong side so that parts facing each other face. Now make a new seam at a distance of 6mm from the first. The total width of the allowances of both seams - 1.2 cm
Working with delicate fabrics, for convenience, placed under the joints of toilet paper that is easy to clean after finishing work. You can use regular thin paper, it will prevent the fabric from damage by contact with the conveyor of the sewing machine.
Some chiffon jewelry appropriate to treat "Moscow" seam: fold the edges of the blouse or sleeveless 5mm in two layers, pre-prometal both ACC. Remember, all welds must be performed very carefully, otherwise the product will be spoiled.
Advice 3 : How to handle the edge of the fabric
Often when sewing different products have problems with the edge, if the fabric "fray" (for example satin and velvet) or when the fabric is very thin (silk, taffeta or organza). To avoid this you need to handle the edge of the product.
It is best to handle the edge of the fabric with the serger. Use narrow podrobnyi technicial or blanket stitch. If you do not have this feature on the sewing machine, then you can do without it. For example, the edge of the fabric to bend double for half an inch and carefully press podvorot. If the fabric does not give possibility at once to tuck the edge in this way, you can first wrap once, to stitch, then repeat the procedure.
Another way to handle edge - quilting with bias binding. To do this, take a strip width of approximately three centimeters. Its length should be several inches longer than the processing region of the tissue. First you need to cut off the excess fabric close to the stitching. Then you need to stitch along the crease line of short stitches. If the fabric is stretched, iron her iron. Then fold the fabric on the wrong side of so close yet rough cut, under the ACC put the edge gasket. Then put the line at the same distance from the edge.
In the processing of whimsical knitted fabric also has its complexity. Knitwear can be treated as piping, you can simple hem. To do this, lay a line one and a half inches from the edge of the fabric. Lead line should lead from the edge to the center. You need to ensure that the thread didn't pull the fabric, not scrunching it. Then tuck the edge and finish it with a serger .
Knitwear can also be treated rolikam. For this you need to stitch the cloth along the line, which will be skiving. Tuck the seam allowance and finish with a serger. The prepared strip of fabric (its width is two to three inches) fold in half in length. A little stretching, sew the front side to the front side of the product. Then attrocity on the front side, removing the binding.
Sometimes the model does not provide for the processing thread. Especially on these lightweight, translucent fabrics like organza and taffeta. In such case, you can try singe the edges with a lighter or candle.
You can also use a colorless nail Polish. He will not pour the fabric, reinforce the edges, and thus will not be visible even on white silk.
Advice 4 : How to handle the edge of the chiffon
Have professional seamstresses, there are three common ways to handle edge chiffon: Moscow seam or "American", zig-zag, and a combined version. Which way to choose - to solve only to you.
Use the "American" method of narrow fabric treatment that is applied when processing thin material. Unscrew the inside out slice 0.7-1 cm and attrocity in the region of the bend of 0.1-0.2 cm, then carefully with scissors trim the seam allowance to the seam. Now tuck half processed edge by another 0.2 cm and re attrocity in the edge next to the stitching you made before. Should be very thin treatment of the slice is fixed by means of two lines. For evenness can put under the fabric when stitching a sheet of paper, he could save the slide, with the result that the stitching will turn out as smooth. After completion of the work on the machine carefully remove the paper from the seam. Typically, this process seam hem.
Use a zigzag if you need to treat the inside seams of the product. To do this, tuck the edge of the fabric inwards by about 1 cm, and then attrocity with the wrong side fold the small and frequent zigzag, then gently trim the excess fabric close to the seam. Use only quality threads, -0 then you will be able to avoid many of the irregularities and other problems. As a result, after this type of treatment, you should get a neat edge, perhaps, a bit wavy. If the edge will remain a thread after the stitching, then go over them with small scissors, cutting close to the line, however, it does not hurt the seam.
Apply the combo option if you do not fit any of the first two. To do this, first treat the seams on the narrow overlock stitching in 2 mm, and then fold the edge to the width of the resulting seam and attrocites on the machine again. The result is a neat smooth edge. To determine which one will suit you more than others, you can try each of the processing methods in action on a small piece of fabric.