Advice 1: What religion is mainly practiced by the Armenians

Armenia is a small country with a population of about three million. Located in the Caucasus. The Republic of Armenia founded in the IV-II centuries BC, it is rich in its traditions, history, culture and religious beliefs.
What religion is mainly practiced by the Armenians
The religion of Armenia is very diverse. It includes Christianity, Islam, yezidism and fringe. Most of the residents of Armenian believers. It is believed that the most common religion is Christianity.

Christianity in Armenia



About 94% of the total population preach Christianity and belong to the Armenian Apostolic Church. This Church is one of the oldest in the world. Few people know that Armenia is the first Christian state in the world in the year 301 faith in the King of Heaven and his son Christ became the state religion of the country. The first preachers here are Bartholomew and Thaddeus.

In the year 404 was created the Armenian alphabet, and in the same year the Bible was translated into Armenian, and in the year 506 the Armenian Church officially separated from the Byzantine, which significantly influenced the subsequent history of the state, its political and social activities.

Catholicism in Armenia



But Christianity is not the only religion, the adherents of which live in Armenia. There are communities of the Armenian Catholic Church (there are about 36 parishes), which are called "Franks". The Franks (or fringe) live in Northern Armenia. Originally they came with the crusaders, but later in the 16-19 centuries, the Franks began to call the Armenians-Catholics. The Armenians, the Franks are divided into three groups:
- LPG-Franks,
- Khas-Franks,
- mshetsi-Franks.
The division of Catholics is not due to the peculiarities of religious beliefs, it is concerned with the place of residence of the adherents of this faith.


Islam in Armenia



There are also followers of Islam living in Armenia, although it should be noted that basically the religion of the Kurds, Azeris and Persians. In the capital, Yerevan is home to the famous Blue mosque. It was built in 1766 and in the early 20th century was one of the seven mosques in the capital. This beautiful building is not only religious in nature. It is also a symbol of interfaith friendship.

Other religions



There is also the Armenian evangelicals that came out of the Apostolic Church, because they believed that its teachings and traditions were not consistent with the Bible. Among the Armenians also spread pseudoplatystoma sectarianism, chemilumi and Sunni Islam of the Hanafi persuasion. Some Armenians deny God and join the society of atheists.
Despite the diversity of religion, it is necessary to consider the fact that God in all faiths and the teachings of the one, although it has different names.


Christianity has covered most of the inhabitants of the Earth, without leaving aside Armenia. Christianity has played an important role in the fate of the Republic, when she lost her independence. In fact, the Christian Church had to take on part of the government that allowed her to save a nation and unique culture of the state.

Advice 2: When the Armenians adopted Christianity

Armenia had in the past various names – the Ararat country, the Ashkenazi state of Urartu. The significant first mention of Armenia is found in the Bible. After all, the Bible describes how Noah found salvation at mount Ararat.
When the Armenians adopted Christianity
Christianity in Armenia was adopted in 301, much earlier than the Byzantine Empire and Greece. A huge contribution to the development of Christianity in the country made George the Illuminator, who became the first Catholicos of all Armenians.

Apostolic Church



In honor of the apostles Thaddeus and Bartholomew Armenian Church was called Apostolic, much later, when after the death of Gregory the Illuminator, he was canonized, his name was called the Armenian Church. It became known as the Armenian Gregorian Apostolic Church.

King Trdat the Third Great became famous for the fact that prior to the adoption of Christianity, was a persecutor of Christians. By being baptized Trdat put a lot of effort to spread Christianity throughout Armenia. On his order were destroyed all the pagan shrines and built in their place Christian churches.

In the year 303 was built Echmiadzin – the world-famous Cathedral, which is currently the residence of the Catholicos of all Armenians. In Etchmiadzin held a Synod for the election of the next Catholicos. It attracts delegates from all Russian and foreign Armenian dioceses.

The alphabet for the word of God



Mesrop Mashtots, who is revered by Christians as Holy, in the year 404 after Christ created the first and only Armenian alphabet, during the creation it was considered the most modern and it had already used the classic style of writing – left to right.

Together with his disciples-followers of Mashtots translated the Bible into the Armenian language, his book became known worldwide as the "Queen of translations" for the perfection of the translation of the original source.

Mashtots, fulfilling her duty as a Christian, created an alphabet for the Georgians and Caucasians Alans.

Now in Yerevan Repository of ancient manuscripts named after Mashtots are more than 20 thousand manuscripts, to collect that started the Mashtots. This collection of manuscripts is of great historical and cultural value to the peoples of the world.

The spread of the Armenian Church



In the Promised Land, the territory of modern Israel since the sixth century, it was built over seventy Armenian churches, and in the year 638 was founded by the Armenian Patriarchate, which consolidated and became the head of all vostochnoperevoznaya dioceses. This Ethiopian, Syrian and Coptic diocese.

Almost two thousand years, every year a miracle occurs – the Holy Fire that takes place on the eve of Easter in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. From among the bishops of the Armenian Gregorian Apostolic Church is annually elected by the clergy, who will be entrusted to accept the Holy Fire.
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