All existing religious teachings are grouped in several main directions, of which the most famous are of Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism and Buddhism. The study of the history of these religions allows us to conclude that religious worship, which appeared on earth from the beginning.
The above directions can be divided into 2 groups: the "Abrahamic" and "Eastern". The latter include Hinduism, Buddhism and a number of related trends that originated in Southeast Asia. While Buddhism emerged in the 6th century BC, thus becoming the age of Confucianism, Hinduism has much more experience. Believed to be the earliest date of origin is 1500 BC However, Hinduism is not any unified system of religious teachings, as they bring together different schools and cults.
"Abrahamic" group of religions consists of three related areas: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The first two forms of worship have a common doctrinal source – the old Testament the first part of the Bible. Islam appeared in the VII century BC, took as its Foundation the Koran, which is largely based on the experience of the entire Bible including the New Testament. Unlike the "Eastern" group of religions that have many fundamental differences in the understanding and even the very existence of God, the "Abrahamic" forms of worship features the main feature of monotheism, the belief in the one and only Creator. This detail is emphasized by the name of God in the "Abrahamic" religions, for Muslims it is Allah, which indicates that the related "Elohim" in the Hebrew Scriptures, the old Testament whom God called "Jehovah" (Yahweh), which is confirmed by the Christians. The commonality of these basic doctrines and gives the opportunity to trace the historical path of the origin of the "Abrahamic" religions.
Judaism is the earliest from among the above-mentioned forms of worship. Torah - first five books of the Bible old Testament (also called the "Pentateuch"), - began to be written around 1513 BC nevertheless, this work describes in detail the formative period of mankind and the history of the origin of religion long before the Bible was written. Based on the analysis of the initial chapters of the old Testament the researchers came to the conclusion about the existence of a previous manuscript sources, on the basis of which was begun the writing of the Bible.
The Bible considerably facilitates the study of the historical background, as it contains a detailed time line. So, according to biblical chronology, Abraham, who is honored by all "Abrahamic" religions, practiced the worship of God at the turn of the 2nd and 3rd centuries BC the Famous flood, who survived the servants of God in Holy Scriptures dates back to about 2370 BC, the year According to the description the Bible for hundreds of centuries before the flood people also professed a common faith in God. In particular, the Bible quotes the words of the first woman eve, mentioning Jehovah (Yahweh) as the God who gave life to the first people on earth.
Religious and cultural impact the Bible has had on Eastern and Western civilizations, and the presence in its structure of a strict timeline with a description of the practice of the ancient world system of religious worship, distinguish the Bible from the mass of other religious documents. Today the Bible as an authoritative religious sources more than half of the inhabitants of the planet. Unlike many cults, the Bible, the fundamental, which allowed it presents the form of religion for a long time to maintain a unified system of worship to God. In turn, this helps to trace the history of the profession of faith in the God of the Bible for millennia. These circumstances allow to conclude that the first religion on earth was the one described in the Bible.
Advice 2 : Which religion is the youngest
It is considered that the youngest religion in the world is Islam, whose birth counts from the 610. This is the year forty, the prophet Muhammad appeared in a dream the angel Gabriel and dictated the first five verses of the Quran. But recently it was found that there is a religion that is much younger – it was not more than 150 years and the name bahá'í.
The story of the birth of the Bahai religion one of the most peaceful compared to the birth of Judaism, Christianity or Islam. As once Christianity broke forth from Judaism, from Islam broke off a branch of the Baha'is. In Russian language the name of the new religion is translated as the religion of Light, because the word "Bach" in Arabic means light, effulgence or glory.
The character of Baha'i devyatikonechnoy star. Adherents of the Baha'is greet each other with "Allah-u Abha," which means "God is most Glorious". At the initial stage of the formation of religion, the greeting sounded more Muslim interpretation as "Allah-u Akbar".
In the 60-ies of the XIX century in Iraq, based on one of the Islamic currents, whose founder was a young Iranian merchant, Sayyid Ali Muhammad Shirazi was born a new doctrine and beliefs, which over time has grown and grown, attracting an increasing number of supporters. One of these supporters was an Iranian nobleman, Mirza Husayn ' Ali, better known under the name of Baha'u'llah. Thanks to his awareness efforts, Islam spread in the world.
At the age of 27 years, in 1844, Bahul refused the inheritance of his family and began to practice an ascetic way of life, since the main idea of the teachings of Baha'i is to protect the poor and disadvantaged of corruption and arbitrary power. Subsequently, the leaders of the new religious cult became the heirs of Baha'u'llah.
That is one of the last heirs of the founder of the Baha'i, namely his grandson, Shoghi Effendi, became the conductor of the Baha'is in the Western European world, since he translated many Scriptures, and covenants of Baha'is from Arabic to English.
Currently worldwide, there are over 5 million adherents of the Baha'is. Perhaps, at the present time there is not a single country where I would not have lived the followers of the new faith. This belief has positioned itself as a unifying world religion, in which there are a few immutable principles.
First: humanity is one family and it's time for its unification into a peaceful global society.
Second: economic problems are spiritual problems. Economic justice and prosperity will come only when it is recognized as a fundamental link between the spiritual and practical aspects of life.
Third: truth is understandable. The person is obliged to investigate and attain new knowledge.
Fourth: God is one. The whole universe is created by one Creator. God has revealed Himself through Messengers, who founded all the world's religions in order to guide the world and admonitions to teach mankind.
Fifth: humanity is a single family. In a single family can not be divided by race, nation, ethnic or cultural groups.
Sixth: women and men are equal is a mandatory postulate of human development and transformation of society.
In 1963 the followers of Baha'i have created the universal House of Justice, which currently conducts all the Affairs of religion, the bahá'í international community and coordinates the activities of all spiritual communities.