Advice 1: What branch of divided Christianity

Christianity is one of the most widespread religions in the world, it is not less than 2 billion followers. It has three main branches: Orthodoxy, Catholicism and Protestantism.
What branch of divided Christianity
Instruction
1
The split of Christianity into Orthodoxy and Catholicism occurred in the V century during the collapse of the Roman Empire. Since then gradually increased the differences between the Roman and Constantinople churches. Provoked the division of the dispute about the procession of the Holy spirit: from God the father or God the son as well. The Orthodox believed that only God the father emanates the Holy spirit. The representatives of the three branches of Christianity different understanding of the Bible. The main criterion for understanding Catholic – the word of the Pope, Protestant views of the founder of this denomination or personal opinion of the believer, Orthodox Sacred tradition. Holy tradition is a transmitted tradition of spiritual life. The Central idea of Christianity is to save the person from all evil. Salvation was revealed by Jesus Christ, and salvation is possible by believing in him. But this fact is treated differently in each of the branches.
2
The Orthodox Church differs in that tradition of polycentrism. Allowed the existence of several Orthodox churches, currently fifteen. The symbol of faith in Christian Orthodoxy, including the 12 tenets and 7 sacraments. Orthodoxy recognizes the existence of one God represented in three equal persons: Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. Believe in the second coming of Jesus Christ, and in fact the original sin of the first people in the immortality of the soul. After death souls go to heaven or to hell. Christianity has its own religious system. Orthodox sacraments: baptism, communion, penance, confirmation, marriage, lovadina priesthood. As practiced in various religious acts: prayer and worship the cross, icons, relics, relics.
3
At the head of the Catholic Church is the Pope, the bishops began to call themselves so from the fifth century. It is accepted for a canonical biblical books that are not recognized by the Orthodox Church. Catholics recognize the existence of purgatory is an intermediate place between heaven and hell. In purgatory the soul of a sinner can be purified of grief I am the sacred fire. There are some differences in the Catholic rituals and sacraments. For example, baptism is by pouring, and the sign of the cross is done left to right.
4
Protestantism includes many different churches and sects, while believers share a lot of views of Catholicism and Christianity. In this case, the duty of the faithful is an independent reading and interpretation of Scripture, the only source of doctrine. In Catholicism the Bible study is possible only under the guidance of a priest. In Protestantism it is believed that God can communicate with everyone, not just the clergy. Holy tradition is not recognized, salvation is attained through personal faith. Denied the Church hierarchy, equipotential recognizes the sinfulness of all men before God. The Protestants worship only the triune God, without the cult of saints and the virgin. They also believe in the existence of purgatory. Prayers do not occur in Latin, and a believer in their native language. Cults in Protestantism simplified, no external luxury, they are affordable for every person.

Advice 2: The Holy Tradition of the Church: who is the first to go to heaven

The Orthodox Church teaches that after the fall man could not enter heaven. Only through the redemptive deed of Jesus Christ on the cross to people after death was again granted the opportunity to be in Paradise.
The Holy Tradition of the Church: who is the first to go to heaven

The Scriptures tells of the crucifixion of Christ. This is one of the highlights of the entire new Testament history. From the Gospels it is clear that with Christ you were crucified two thieves. One on His right and the other to the left. That is the man who was to the right of Christ on the cross, according to the tradition of the Church, first and gone to heaven. The wise thief, so called the crucified, to be awarded the Kingdom of Heaven, on the cross, truly repented of their evil ways. It was narrated by the Evangelist Luke.

Crucifixion was considered the most shameful and terrible execution in the Roman Empire. Only the most violent criminals could be subjected to such punishment. We can assume that the robbers who were crucified next to Christ, were engaged in robbery, looting and killing people. To the left of the crucified Christ, blasphemed the Lord, insulted him and demanded that Jesus demonstrate his divine power and come down from the cross. The second robber came out openly in defense of the Saviour, saying that in Christ there is no guilt. Then the wise thief turned to the Savior with a request: "Remember me o Lord when you cestovat" (from Church Slavonic is possible to translate the words of the thief from the gospel of Luke). Heart thief imbued with a feeling of repentance, he saw many women cry at the cross, you might have heard about the great miracles of Christ. Also the robber could hit the feeling of the love of Christ to people, because Jesus from the cross prayed for his crucifiers. Maybe this determined sense of faith in Christ as the Messiah and caused repentance. In the words of the wise thief Christ said,"Today shalt thou be with Me in Paradise."

It turns out that the first promise of the heritage of the Kingdom of Heaven received the penitent on the cross the robber. In this the Orthodox Church sees the great love of God even to the most wicked people. Christianity teaches that there is no Unforgiven sin, but sin unrepentant. Each person is given the opportunity of repentance and reconciliation with God. Regardless of the severity of sins, with sincere repentance, God can forgive. However, this does not mean that any punishment for a person should not have place in the case of remorse. So, the Church does not reject the possibility of imprisonment for sin. In this context we are talking about the forgiveness of man by God and the opportunity to enter heaven for anyone who sincerely repented and decided to change my life for the better.

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