Advice 1: What kind of fabric is subject to shrinkage after washing, and which are not

Shrinkage when washing and wet-heat treatment is exposed to almost all types of tissues. You can only talk about her degree. Natural fabrics are more than just "sit" linen, corduroy, tartan. A little less exposed crepe fabrics from synthetic and natural silk. The degree of shrinkage of the tissues often depends on properly selected temperature washing and subsequent Ironing.
What kind of fabric is subject to shrinkage

Causes shrinkage of tissues

In the process of washing and Ironing the fabric structure is reversible elastic deformation of the threads when the fabric tries to correct tension setting initially. There is an increase in the cross section of the threads of the fabric during the swelling. This leads to a straightening of the yarns of one system (the weft or warp), followed by deformation of the threads of the other system (or duck, respectively).

Shrinkage depends on the type of fibers: linen, cotton, viscose. The degree of torsion of the thread, the more twisted filament stretch stronger by increasing their diameter and changes in the structure of the fabric. Of an inappropriate temperature regime in the wash and the Ironing.

The list of fabrics, shrink and

Shrinkage of fabric made of cotton. Depending on the weave it varies from 3% to 5%. The greatest shrinkage give the plaid and corduroy. A little less chintz, poplin, teak, satin, calico, muslin, and other cotton fabrics. Woven fabrics of flax and flax containing shrink to 6% as well as blended fabrics. Thus, more than is contained in the cotton cloth or linen, the greater will be the shrinkage.
After washing the fabric with elastane is reduced, as previously stretched lycra squeezes it. Then the cloth is again stretched to 10% of the original length.

Woolen fabrics shrink from 1.5 to 3.5%. This includes Drapes, and a thin woolen fabric. According to some, wool is subject to shrinkage to a greater extent to 5-6%. This deficiency is observed in wool blend fabrics.

The shrinkage of fabrics made of natural silk somewhat lower than the tissues of artificial silk. The greatest shrinkage is seen in silk crepe fabrics: from silk to 5% crepe rayon – 7%. Gladeview silk fabrics can lose from 3.5% to 5% of its original length. Staple the fabric and viscose – 4 %. Nylon fabric up to 1.5%, polycaproamide up to 3.5%. Shrinkage give cushioning materials: interlining, dublirin, adhesive strip.

Dekatirovka tissues before reveal

Dekatirovka – wet-heat treatment of fabrics for shrinkage before the start of the cutting of the product. Deytroyt all fabrics containing more than 50 percent natural fibers. It's wool, flax, cotton, hemp, silk, and fabrics made of artificial silk. If the product that you plan to sew will be washed, dekatirovka required. If you plan to take to the dry cleaners (coats, suits), the fabric enough to iron with steam.
The cushioning tissue in front of the crack is soaked and dried, carefully aligning, but not iron.

Cotton and linen fabrics are soaked, dried and iron slightly damp. The silk is soaked and dried. Iron not hot iron. Silk fabrics, which can shed, moistened with wet sheets used to wrap silk before Ironing. Silk plain fabric iron without steam on the reverse side to avoid stains.

For wool fabrics used in the moisture on the reverse side sprayer. After 8-12 hours folded cloth iron from a wrong side. Fine wool and wool blend fabrics enough to iron through a damp cloth.

Advice 2 : How to stretch fabric

Sometimes due to improper care, such as washing at high temperature or because of unscrupulous manufacturer that does not put the fabric in advance, you get a thing that can no longer to wear. Bought in size, and after washing became negligible. Discard do not want - and a good thing, and money is a pity. Try to give things the desired size by stretching the tissue.
How to stretch fabric
You will need
  • Iron with steam function, gauze or white cotton fabric
In order to stretch the cloth, use steam iron or not. To do this, lay the garment on a horizontal surface. In the right hand and you iron, you hold the left edge of things, which is going to stretch.
Then proceed as follows: iron iron in the direction opposite to that with which you hold the product.
The iron should be well clamped to the product and at the same time, the left hand pull the fabric. The result is that you pull the fabric in two directions simultaneously: the left hand and an iron to the right. Hot iron razmarivaet fiber and captures the effect of stretching.
If the thing the village and wide, and in height, along the first stretch, and a little more than you need, and then across. The principle is the same.
You can apply the same method of stretching the fabric by hand and with iron, but in a vertical position. To do this, hang the thing on a hanger and secure it with some clips, so it does not slip when Ironing. Smooth and atprivate as long as the thing does not take the right view
There is another less time consuming way stretch fabric – just put it on wet thing. Dried on you, it will take the shape of your body and, consequently, your size.
If you need to stretch denim fabric, please note the following recommendations:
Wash the jeans with your hands in lukewarm water 25 to 30 °C. Make it very quickly, without soaking and without using strong detergents.
A little dry the article or fabric, lay it flat on the Ironing Board and cover with thin cotton cloth or gauze.
Start to iron with steaming, pulling the fabric in the right places.
Stroke until, until dry fabric.
If the village and lost his woolen fabric, you can also try to steam iron. Lay on a flat surface with a white cotton sheet, lay on it the victim thing and cover with another layer of cotton fabric. Top drive with an iron, barely touching (not pressing), with steam as long as the hair is not dry.
If you need to stretch mohair sweater, wet it, stretch the pattern, fix pins and leave until dry.
Be prepared for the fact that the woollen fabric to revive it will fail. Tangled wool is very difficult to put in proper form. Next time wash wool garments in lukewarm water and dry in the unfolded form on a flat surface.
You tie the cloth most likely will again shrink after the first wash, so the procedure must be repeated.

Advice 3 : Why linen village after washing

Young inexperienced mistresses are often upset, pulling out of the washer ruined clothes. To understand why linen village after washing, by looking at the label of the product and finding out the fabric.
Why linen village after washing
Alopeciapalooza fabrics, which include satin, cotton, taffeta, calico, chiffon, Batiste, etc., very durable, absorbent, stand washing and Ironing. However, they always sit. To protect yourself, choose a fabric with the addition of polyester or Dacron. Things from 100% cotton worth buying a little more in the right size. And when they sit down after the first wash, you will be fit. Be sure to observe the recommended temperature regime of washingis indicated on the label. If this is not available, wash at 40 degrees, and if contaminated, do not exceed 60°C. Detergent use generic or soft.Ersticken of wool is very warm and a little dirty. A woolen clothes are advised not to wash and dry clean. If this is not possible hand – wash or when the power saving mode. The fabric is not of the village, it is recommended not to use water hotter than 30-40 degrees. Rinsing should be at the same temperature, adding water glycerin (1 tablespoon) or fabric softener.The wool product should not soak, wring or line dry. All of this can cause not only shrinkage, but also a strong deformation. Dry woolen thing, carefully spreading on a flat surface and tucked under her folded sheet. To avoid problems with 100% wool helps add yarns nylon, viscose or polyester. They increase the wear and the creasing of wool products, as well as reduce the likelihood of shrinkage.Flax and other Danilin is very durable, absorbs moisture and dries quickly. Products made from linen fabrics withstand washing in very hot water, but you can have a little sit down. If you don't want to prevent this possibility, buy things with the addition of polyester or viscose. Fabric of silk, rayon, nylon, polyester and acrylic do not sit down when washing, but ensure that they last longer kept its shape and form, be sure to observe the recommended care instructions on the product label.
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