Myocardial infarction – an acute condition resulting from partial or complete cessation of blood supply to the heart. Extensive myocardial infarction leads to the formation in the heart muscle of large sections of dead tissue, which negatively affects the cardiovascular system and may threaten the patient's life.

The most severe consequences of extensive myocardial infarction

The most feared complication of this condition is cardiac arrest, which in the absence of medical care inevitably leads to clinical death. The symptoms of a cardiac infarct is the cessation of breathing, loss of consciousness and absence of reaction to external stimuli.

Before the arrival of the medical team and send the patient to the hospital should begin to do chest compressions and artificial respiration. These measures will help to support the patient until the beginning of resuscitation: defibrillation, cardiopulmonary stimulation, injection of adrenaline.

Other consequences of a massive heart attack

Within one to two weeks after the onset of illness in a heart formed area of necrosis: limited to the area of dead heart muscle and begins to form connective tissue. The consequences of myocardial infarction directly depends on how broad and profound was the defeat of the myocardium. Most often in patients after a heart attack are:

Heart disease is the deterioration of the contractility of the heart muscle due to its necrosis and the formation of extensive scar.
Arrhythmia – a violation of the normal heart rhythm caused by damage to the sinus node or pathways along which the impulses spread through the heart.
Aneurysm – a condition in which the heart wall bulges and becomes more subtle. The result is a deterioration of the pumping and contractile function of the heart.
- Paralysis of the limbs, disruption of the vocal apparatus that occur after a massive heart attack as a consequence of worsening blood supply to organs and tissues.
- Pulmonary edema.
- Thromboembolism – blockage of a pulmonary artery or one of its branches by blood clots.
Education post-infarction aneurysm often leads to rupture of the aneurysmal SAC and the cardiac tamponade, which is a serious threat to the life of the patient.

On the health and life of patient with extensive infarction is influenced by the measures that were taken in the prehospital and immediately after hospitalization.
A good way to restore blood flow and patency of the coronary arteries – angioplasty operation of vessels in which the artery the stent is installed.

For full recovery after a heart attack patients need not only medication, but treatment in the cardiological sanatorium, where they undergo a course of therapeutic, restorative and relaxing treatments.