Ischemia and myocardial infarction

Myocardial infarction is a consequence of ischemic heart disease. The frequency of occurrence, complications, disability ischaemia is in the first place. Cause ischemia the following – there is a narrowing of the vessel that feeds some portion of the heart muscle. People allow increased load or has a different reason for highly elevated blood pressure, and a certain portion of the heart muscle suffers. Simply put, he dies – a heart attack develops. In that moment, when this portion of the heart muscle does not receive blood (especially blood and oxygen), develops pain attack, which is very characteristic. The pain in this case indicates preinfarction condition.

The symptoms of a preinfarction state

Pain when ischemia occurs, as a rule, not in the heart. This chest pain. Patients often describe it as feeling like hammered count. it's hard to breathe, man cannot move, he has a fear of death. A characteristic symptom in people who have this attack is repeated, takes nitroglycerin. The pain goes away. If the person at the time the pain moves, he is forced to stop and the pain stops. So it is not the pain itself, and the whole dynamic of pain (during exercise – appears when peace goes away, even without medication) if it is a young man, says that there is a high probability of ischemic heart disease resulting from her heart attack.

Risk factors

According to research, the main risk factors leading to coronary heart disease — Smoking, high blood pressure (hypertension) and high cholesterol content in plasma (hypercholesterolemia).

Manifestations of ischemic heart disease arise from narrowing of the coronary arteries, which occurs as a result of atherosclerosis. The occurrence of coronary atherosclerosis is affected by heredity, excessive fat intake, constant high blood pressure, Smoking and increased physical activity.


Heart attacks and strokes – two of the most "popular" areas of diseases of the cardiovascular system, life-threatening. To be quiet for the heart, you need to pass the clinical examination.

Today it is precisely known that sports is the main "trump card" in the prevention of heart attacks. Therefore, even if you are already older and not at all a sporty person, worth talking to your doctor, start to play sports.