You will need
- - compass;
- - satellite tuner.
Install on roof, wall or in the yard of an axial-symmetric satellite dish. Need also a receiver, Converter and cable. Before installing it is necessary to choose the appropriate location to South direction within 50-80 meters there were no trees and tall buildings. You can also use offset satellite dish. The diameter of the "saucer" - 90 cm, depending on the location of the settlement. If you do not intend to tune into other satellites, with paid encoded channels, you'll like the cheapest FTA receiver for free channels.
Use the Converter C-band, so that frequency on the satellite Yamal 202 more channels, now there are more than 50. The location of the satellite in orbit is 49 degrees West longitude and, as a rule, the antenna in most parts of Russia deployed directly to the South. The best way is to set up with the help of special professional devices for settings that are quite expensive, you can use cheaper analogues, which by means of an audio or visual signal to assist in setting up a satellite. In their absence, perform the setting using the compass. To do this, define the degree of direction to the South on the website www.maps.google.com.
Connect the coaxial cable to the receiver that is already attached to the TV, and Converter before setting up the signal. The antenna expand so that the Converter was directed to the South (use a compass). In the menu of the receiver to find the configuration of the antenna, and from the list select the satellite Yamal-202. Because on this satellite with a strong package of channels are the transponder frequencies 3982 L 4285 in the list, select it. The receivers, usually at the bottom of two scales: one indicates the signal strength and quality. If the equipment is removed from the place settings, you will need an assistant who will be supporting data on the tuner
Turn the antenna left, then, moving it to the right until the level on the scale of the signal was the maximum, then move it slowly up or down until the level on the scale, the quality will not be the maximum. To achieve an even greater signal level the Converter can turning from left to right. After that scan the receiver "Blind search" and save the data.
Advice 2: How to set offset antenna
In contrast to axial-symmetric satellite antenna that is directed exactly towards the satellite offset antenna has a somewhat different configuration method. This depends on its design features. In other respects these two options are not significantly different. Need to know the direction to the satellite, area cover, antenna tilt angle and the coordinates of the city. Thanks to satellite antenna can not only receive TV channels in digital quality, but also to connect to the global Internet.
You will need
- program Fastsatfinder;
- - the program Satellite Antenna Alignment;
- - satellite receiver;
- - TV
Select the diameter of the satellite offset antenna according to the desired coverage area of the satellite or group of satellites. It can be found on the website www.lyngsat.com there are defined and the parameters of the television or the Internet transponders. The antenna dish take a little longer than recommended. Select the Converter according to the signal range of a transponder of a satellite, i.e., Ku (linear or circular) or C-band – r, l. It's a must. Otherwise, the signal accept will not work.
Install a satellite dish in a place where in front of her, in the direction to the satellite will not be high-rise buildings and tall trees with spreading crown. Otherwise, the signal from the satellite will "fall" on the TV screen into squares and Internet packages will come with very large errors and delay.
Determine the angle of elevation or angle of inclination offset satellite antenna. You need to know geographical coordinates of your city. You can find them on the website www.maps.google.com. Elevation find with the help of the programme Satellite Antenna Alignment. This program will also help to produce the configuration of the antenna according to the sun, i.e. within the window specified what time in your city the sun will be in the same direction as the desired satellite. At this time you should point the antenna in there and moving it left-right and up-down to scan the horizon. Take it slow, haste in this process is not necessary. For tone detection, you can either use a special device or computer on which you installed the program Fastsatfinder, or a satellite receiver connected to the TV.
Adjust the antenna using the PC. To do this, run the program Fastsatfinder, enter the desired satellite in the popup menu, select the transponder, which were defined earlier and press the red button. Start scanning the horizon. With the appearance of percentage signal values achieve their maximum values. Secure the antenna. Loosen the Converter (linear) and bring the signal to maximum by turning it clockwise or counterclockwise and lock.
Adjust offset antenna with satellite receiver. Turn off the tuner. Connect coaxial cable with F-connectors to the heater antenna, and the input of the LBN in the receiver. Connect it to the TV through the antenna socket. Turn on the receiver. Tune the television to the channel which will continue to show a satellite TV. In the menu of the receiver, select "Antenna" or "settings" and select satellite. If not, then enter manually via the menu "edit". The remote control to select the transponder and start scanning the horizon antenna. At the bottom of the settings window there are lines of power and signal strength. When it appears press and to adjust the Converter, achieve the maximum values.
Advice 3: How to find the satellite "Yamal"
"Yamal"is one of the most popular and sought after companions broadcast, which transmits the signal to a variety of Russian channels that are in the public domain. To adjust the satellite dish on Yamal is not necessary to invite specialists. This can be done independently.
You will need
- - building level;
- - protractor;
- - the plumb.
To start collect and check the antenna. Its the rack, install vertically. To do this, use a construction level. If the antenna has a ring, it should be placed horizontally.
Calculate the angle at which the visible satellite. The seat angle is the slope at which the antenna is vertical looks to the satellite. Using the plumb line and protractor school set the mirror antenna. The coordinates of the cities can be found on many websites on the Internet.
Next, configure the satellite receiver. Go to "Menu" – "settings", click "find channels" and then "antenna setup". In the "lo Frequency" put 5150.
The satellite name, enter any word. The depolarizer paste in the Converter is not necessary, since it is unknown in what position it needs to be. Strongest transponder is accepted without it. Then click OK.
Enter the speed 28000, 3645 transponder frequency, FEC¾, and click OK again.
The receiver will try to find channels, but you won't find them. This is necessary in order to show the scale of the digital signal and a scale which measures the analog level. In some receivers you need to press the Exit button to go to the terminal settings and find the control signal. If the antenna is not tuned to the satellite, both scales will show < 0 >.
Now gently twist the antenna in azimuth. As soon as it hits the satellite, the analog level will start to rise, and the second scale will appear as.
Adjust the antenna vertically and horizontally to achieve the best possible signal quality. Next find in Internet a list of frequencies of the satellite "Yamal", set the terminal and enjoy your favorite channels.
When choosing an antenna, it is better to give preference to Russian production, as the Chinese segment of the antenna is characterized by poor geometry of the mirror and work only 20% in Ku band.
For the antenna it is better to have a regular signal, not the receiver. With it, you will find the satellite faster. Don't forget to insert a depolarizer after the antenna, as it gives a gain for the signal two times.
Advice 4: How to set the receiver to the satellite dish
Satellite TV allows you to watch programs in a very high quality using special satellite receivers (tuners). However, to enjoy watching high quality programs, we first need to properly install and configure the equipment.
You will need
- - TV
- - satellite antenna;
- - satellite receiver.
Route the cable from the satellite antenna to the receiver and connect to the appropriate connector on the rear panel, which is usually designated the "IF Input" or "LNB IN". Next, connect the receiver to the video input of the TV via Scart connector or a connector of type "Tulip". Not to be mistaken, try to connect the video connector to the yellow color, and sound to the black and red. Refer to the letter designations on the rear panel of the receiver.
Turn on the receiver. Guided by the manual for your TV, set it to the correct channel. If you do it right, you will see on the screen with the logo of the receiver. Here you will find the list of satellite channels that you have subscribed. Cause usually you can also press "Menu" and then the "OK" button that you find on the remote control to the receiver or on the front panel of the device. In settings, select Russian language, and then set the appropriate time parameters, and video output. If the device asks for a PIN code, try entering 1234 or the combination 0000.
Go to menu settings satellite. Select the satellite and enter the appropriate port. This is usually DiSEqC. From the instruction to the receiver to find out what inputs you are connecting a satellite converters, and then set the appropriate values in the menu. Scan the satellite signal by pressing the corresponding button on the remote control or by selecting the item in the settings menu. Please note that modern TVs have the ability to scan the satellite signal, and various channels, therefore signal transmission can begin immediately after selecting the desired satellite. Don't forget to save your settings.