First and foremost, of course, you need to call an ambulance. Only doctors can adequately and competently assess the seriousness of the situation. However sit back not worth it. After calling emergency services should try to provide first aid.

Man suffocates when the air enters the lungs. And the reasons for this can be quite a lot. Therefore, you should try to figure out what triggered the problem.

Causes and symptoms

If the person can't breathe, with symptoms pointing to it, can be:
- severe shortness of breath;
- slurred speech or complete inability to speak;
- the appearance of wheezing or whistling when you inhale and exhale;
- fear of the victim;
- a rush of blood and bruising nasolabial triangle;
- loss of consciousness.
Quite often, if the person is conscious, he reflexively grabs for itself, the region of the throat, trying to facilitate and strengthen the process of breathing.

Causes of asphyxia may be:
- overlap the airway of blood, vomit, eager language, etc. (most often this may occur in trauma or epilepsy);
compression of the chest is also quite often leads to problems with breathing;
- gas poisoning, or other toxic substances, resulting in spasm;
- electric shock;
- artificial strangulation of any object – a belt loop, etc.;
- asthma or bronchitis at an advanced stage.

What to do

Look closely at the injured man. Try not to panic – the time you still have. If he's still able to speak or even to cry, try to calm him and to force to breathe through the nose. The best way to offer the affected person to stand and draw on any surface (this can be table, chair, shelf, etc.).
Trying to "Radicati" the victim in this situation, do not knock him on the back. Because if, for example, the cause was either a foreign body, you can therefore, only to drive him deeper inside.

If after this the person becomes easier, do not offer him some water. Because the throat and throat is still tense, and any interference can cause a new choking.

If the victim loses consciousness, gently lay it on its side on a flat surface (e.g. floor) and ensure that nothing blocked his airway. Hit him sharply between the shoulder blades so that a foreign object has shifted, and there was access of air to the lungs.

If improvement does not occur, and the situation becomes more critical, try to get the object, blocking the airway with your fingers. Just do it very carefully and only if you see it.

If the situation is too critical – the victim has lost a pulse, start artificial respiration.