One of the most difficult languages is Chinese. Each word is denoted by a separate symbol, having learned that, you still no idea will have on how it is pronounced. Testing is the huge number of homophones – words that are pronounced the same, but are spelled differently and mean different things. The tone system in Chinese language also simplifies the task for the student. In addition to the General intonation of the sentences, each syllable is pronounced with a different tone, depends on what the meaning of the word.
The Japanese language in its complexity is not much inferior to the Chinese. Knowledge of symbols also does not provide information about their pronunciation. Japanese has three writing systems: kanji uses Chinese characters, hiragana, used for writing the grammatical particles and suffixes, as well as katakana to denote loan words.
It is believed that students of Japanese spend three times more time than those who teach English or French.
The Arabic language also causes a lot of difficulties. Vowels when the letter is not used, and the consonants have four spellings depending on their position in the word. Nouns and verbs must be learned in singular, dual and plural numbers. Themselves nouns have three cases and two families, and the verb in the sentence is placed before the predicate.
Greater complexity and represent the dialects of Arabic, which can vary as much as different modern European languages from each other.
The easiest languages
Despite the fact that the English language has many nuances (for example, words are often read not as written but a lot of verbs are conjugated incorrectly), he has a simple grammar. In addition, in daily life people are often faced with English in the songs, movies, brands names and products on supermarket shelves. To learn this language closer will not be so difficult.
Spanish is also very easy to learn. The pronunciation is very similar to English, however, in contrast to the language of the UK and the USA, in the Spanish spelling corresponds with their pronunciation. Sentence structure in this language is also easily amenable to study.
For all English speaking people will not be of great complexity the study of other languages of the Slavic group, and the closer they are to the native, the easier it will be trained. Most quickly learn Ukrainian and Belarusian, a bit more complicated – Bulgarian and Czech. The Polish language is considered not simple – it has seven cases, and the grammar is replete with exceptions to the rule.
Advice 2 : Which language is easier to learn just
Learning a new foreign language can turn into a difficult task. However, if you choose a language that has many analogies with native or foreign is already known, it is possible to make it even easier.
Factors affecting language learning
Learning a foreign language is quite an individual process, therefore the concept about the difficulty of learning any language – a thing quite subjective. There are several factors which can affect how easy it is to learn a foreign language. First, the similarity of the foreign language with native or other well-known languages. Second, the structure of the language. Third, the availability of time and resources for language learning.
Difficult to learn languages
Undoubtedly, one of the most difficult languages to learn are such Asian languages as Chinese, Japanese, Korean. The Arabic language is also considered very difficult to learn. On the one hand, the difficulty lies in the fact that in these languages there is a completely different system of writing, which is radically different from our own. So in Chinese and Japanese use kanji, and to study them you need to spend a lot of time. There may also be problems with pronunciation and comprehension skills, as in these languages, there are sounds difficult and unusual for Russian-speaking person. Among the most difficult languages include Finnish, Hungarian and Icelandic.
Relatively easy to learn such European languages as English, German, Spanish, French, Italian. In many European languages use Latin letters, so knowing a single European language, you can quickly learn another. It should be noted that among European languages Spanish is considered one of the most easy to learn because the language has fairly easy grammar and pronunciation. There is also an artificial language – Esperanto, which is also quite simple to learn, as it is very logical unlike many natural languages.
The easiest languages
It is easier to learn a foreign language, having many similarities with your native language. If Russian language is your native language, then the easiest way would be to learn languagesthat have many similarities with Russian. It can be languages like Belarusian, Croatian, Ukrainian, and Polish, Czech and all the other Slavic and Balto-Slavic languages. These languages will be easy to learn because the grammar rules similar to the rules in the Russian language, they also have many similar words. To speak and understand these languages will not be difficult.