The Spanish language was formed on the basis of Latin in medieval Castile. It is believed that it is the most close to the Latin modern language, Italian, Portuguese and other representatives of the romance group have more differences from its ancestor.
The Spanish language is one of the most popular in the world, spoken by approximately five hundred million people. This language is used in 57 countries and almost all continents: in the Americas, Europe, Africa and Indonesia. Even in many countries where Spanish is not the official language, it is widely distributed – for example, in Brazil it is spoken by the majority of students and diplomats. Spanish is the official language of the UN, EU, African Union.
Judging from this point of view, it is more profitable to study compared to the Italian, who has that status only in the Latin Union and the EU and a much lower prevalence.
The level of complexity of the Spanish language differs little from the Italian. It is well given to people who already know a romance language or English, having borrowed a lot from Latin roots.
There are several situations in which Spanish clearly preferable Italian. First, if the goal of language learning is to use it to travel, you definitely need to select Spanish (if you are not going to stay in Italy only). Owning Spanish, tourists can easily navigate in many countries of the world. Secondly, some people learn a foreign language in order to understand songs, movies and TV shows. For watching TV shows, especially soap operas required the Spanish language is the worldwide spread of the Latin American serials.
On the complexity of the Italian language can be compared with the Spanish: they have a similar vocabulary, similar grammar, but it is believed that the Italian phonetics is more complicated, although this is a subjective opinion. But complex characteristic tone, the contrast between long and multiple vowels, unusual romance, and other phonetic features make it relatively difficult to learn Russian.
But many believe that Italian sounds more beautiful, more romantic, more smoothly, and the Spanish is more rough and harsh.
To learn Italian can you advise lovers of classical music, which is much more closely associated with Italy than with Spain. When choosing language learning for themselves should follow their own tastes, proximity to a particular culture: for example, if you like dancing flamenco, Samba and tango, and you love to relax in the Canary Islands, your choice is Spanish.
Advice 2: What language the world's most complex
Although neuroscientists may argue: they say that there are languages that are not very tolerant of even the media, for example, Chinese or Arabic.
In addition, language is a complex system consisting of several parts, including writing or phonetics. There are languages with a complex phonetic structure, a variety of different sounds, sound combinations trudnoreshaemyh, complex tones and melodies. Other, more simple sounding, languages may vary confusing and difficult to understand by the writing system.
The most difficult language in the world
This title is controversial, but many scientists are of the opinion that the most difficult for learning a foreign language is Basque. He does not belong to any language family, that is not akin to any known group of languages, even dead. That is, for a person of any nationality it will be difficult to grasp.
In the Guinness book of records as the most complicated languages named language Haida Indian tribe living in North America, the dialect of the Chippewa Indians, eskimo, Chinese, and Tabasaran, spoken by a group of people in Dagestan.
The most difficult languages from the point of view of writing
No doubt the fact that ideographic writing is harder to read than phonetic: that is difficult to study the system of hieroglyphics or ideograms denoting different concepts than the alphabet consisting of a certain number of characters that match the sounds. From this point of view, one of the most difficult languages can be called Japanese: the written language is not just a character, and still consists of three systems, two of which are phonetic. You have to learn huge set of characters borrowed from the Chinese (but unlike the Chinese, the Japanese do not bother to simplify writing a complex of ancient characters), and the syllabary of katakana and hiragana, and in addition, you need to determine in some cases what letter you want to use.
The Chinese language is hieroglyphic writing, so it creates some difficulties for learners.
The most difficult languages from the point of view of phonetics
The sound of the Japanese language, on the contrary, can not be called complex: it consists of a set of syllables that are very similar in pronunciation of Russian sounds, but can present certain difficulties for other foreigners. The Chinese language is more complicated: it uses those sounds that do not exist in many other languages of the world. From the point of view of pronunciation of Russian is also considered difficult: some of the sounds "p" and "s" are a lot.
But linguists call the most complex in the phonetics of the language of marbi – dead dialect of one Equatorial island nation, which used a Sizzling, roaring sounds, birds chirping and even priseljevanja fingers.
Advice 3: How to learn Spanish independently
- - Internet;
- - writing utensils;
- - 2 notebooks;
Advice 4: Choose the second language
Many choose to master Spanish or French and it is justified. Languages common, having basic English to learn them is easy, and in summary to add another line, making you head and shoulders above many. However, there is another way to increase your standard of living to unprecedented heights – to learn a rare language. Professionals who know how to write a business proposal in Arabic or in Hindi, employers are looking for "day of fire". If you have minimal linguistic abilities, some free time and a considerable percentage of the homeless, please note the languages that are gradually conquering the world.
Chinese. First place in the ranking. China is conquering the world in all areas – industry, Finance, medicine, agriculture. Hard to find a sector where the Chinese do not do business. They are everywhere and they must be able to communicate. From the very beginning you have to understand that to know the Chinese language at a high level European can only after years of daily training, and better with immersion. For learning Chinese requires in average two times more time than learning any European language. But for settling a simple speaking is plenty to do throughout the year at high intensity, that is, have to work every day. In order to learn to read simple texts is not enough to know more than thousands of characters. To study this language does not make sense, it is necessary to have lessons with a native speaker. Here it is important that your teacher had a good command of the country's official language – Mandarin. In China there are over a thousand dialects and need to study only what is clear to everyone.
Arab. It is spoken by 240 million people around the world. It is not as complicated to study as other Oriental languages. Arabic language is logical, has only three tenses (present, past and future), the words read as well as written, and phrases are constructed according to certain rules, in which there are no exceptions. Many are afraid of the Arabic script and the need to write from right to left. But the Arabic script is connected only 28 letters, and to read and write "on the contrary" is usually used in 5-10 sessions. That would start to communicate at the household level, enough vocabulary to 2000 words, still the same need to explore special topics, e.g. financial. When the daily sessions bearable to speak and read you will begin in six months.
Italian. The easiest to learn, especially easy if you study the second after English. Many Italian companies have branches in Eastern Europe. Architecture, design, fashion, and Finance – in these sectors the share of cooperation with Italian companies is traditionally high. Even if the job descriptions do not specify requirement for language proficiency, it will still be needed in the process, everyone who cooperates with Italian companies.
Advice 5: Which language is easier to learn just
Factors affecting language learning
Learning a foreign language is quite an individual process, therefore the concept about the difficulty of learning any language – a thing quite subjective. There are several factors which can affect how easy it is to learn a foreign language. First, the similarity of the foreign language with native or other well-known languages. Second, the structure of the language. Third, the availability of time and resources for language learning.
Difficult to learn languages
Undoubtedly, one of the most difficult languages to learn are such Asian languages as Chinese, Japanese, Korean. The Arabic language is also considered very difficult to learn. On the one hand, the difficulty lies in the fact that in these languages there is a completely different system of writing, which is radically different from our own. So in Chinese and Japanese use kanji, and to study them you need to spend a lot of time. There may also be problems with pronunciation and comprehension skills, as in these languages, there are sounds difficult and unusual for Russian-speaking person. Among the most difficult languages include Finnish, Hungarian and Icelandic.
Relatively easy to learn such European languages as English, German, Spanish, French, Italian. In many European languages use Latin letters, so knowing a single European language, you can quickly learn another. It should be noted that among European languages Spanish is considered one of the most easy to learn because the language has fairly easy grammar and pronunciation. There is also an artificial language – Esperanto, which is also quite simple to learn, as it is very logical unlike many natural languages.
The easiest languages
It is easier to learn a foreign language, having many similarities with your native language. If Russian language is your native language, then the easiest way would be to learn languagesthat have many similarities with Russian. It can be languages like Belarusian, Croatian, Ukrainian, and Polish, Czech and all the other Slavic and Balto-Slavic languages. These languages will be easy to learn because the grammar rules similar to the rules in the Russian language, they also have many similar words. To speak and understand these languages will not be difficult.
Advice 6: Which language to teach a child
English is the main language of international communication
As the first foreign language for a long time, the most relevant is English. He is considered the main language of international communication. English meetings of heads of state, various international negotiations, scientific symposia and conferences. English is the official language of the Olympic games and other international competitions.
More complicated question: what language to learn as a second? There are various options.
Advantages of other foreign languages
Spanish is also one of the most popular in the world, particularly in most countries of Latin America. Besides, it is one of the regulatory languages, which makes studying it quite simple and affordable. The child who mastered Spanish, then you will be able quite easily to master related languages of the romance group: French, Italian, Portuguese. Besides, people learning Spanish, in Russia not so much, so people who own them will always be in demand.
Although the fashion for the French language has long remained in the past, his study can also be useful. Many international ceremonies are conducted in parallel in French and English. In addition, French is the international language of art, fashion and style, and finally, he's just very handsome and harmonious.
Another language of art is, of course, Italian. He is handsome, French, and normative and is fairly easy to learn as Spanish. Besides, Italian is the language of fashion, cuisine and cars.
Until recently the most popular foreign language after English was German. Today, he lost some positions. But we should not forget that German is an international language of technology and new technologies.
In recent years, more promising is the study of the Chinese language. This is due to the rapid growth of China's economy and a huge number of people speaking Chinese. For the conduct of international business increasingly require staff knowledge of the Chinese language. However, learning Chinese is one of the most difficult languages.
Start learning foreign languages, undoubtedly, should be English, because English proficiency is a requirement of time. Regarding the choice of a second language, we should take into account the interests and inclinations of the child. Romantic natures who love drawing or music, more suited to French or Italian. If the child is prone to the exact Sciences and, in the future, may engage in the technique – it is better to learn German. If parents want to see their children as a diplomat or expert on international tourism is more appropriate Spanish. But for the future of the successful businessman the most promising could be Chinese.
In any case, you should not give up the opportunity to study the second, and perhaps third and further languages, because the familiarity with each of them enriches the inner world, and reveals to the man new opportunities.