Advice 1: How to enable command prompt

The command line is convenient, quick and powerful tool to control your computer's operating system, unfamiliar to most non-professionals. Last command prompt was the only way of communication between computer and human, but with appearance and later graphical user interfaces, focused on manipulators of type "mouse", the command line retains its position, allowing, if necessary, to professionals to perform the required actions quickly and effectively.





How to call command line? Operating systems of the latest generations it's hidden far enough from the user's eyes. However, the Windows settings and perform a number of actions in this operating system command prompt just need.



The easiest way to start command prompt is to use the main Windows menu. Follow start — Programs — Accessories — Command prompt, and here is a black rectangle with a blinking white cursor has already appeared on the computer display. You can type commands and see their results.



Another method allowing to obtain the same result is to use the "Execute" item in this menu and enter cmd. The advantage of this method — window "Run" can be invoked using hot keys Win+R, not bothering to swipe submenu.



If you use the shell Far Manager or something similar, then get to the command line even easier. Rather, it is constantly present in the lower part of the window Far. To view the results of commands, press Ctrl+O, and panels Far and hidden, so as not to obscure the overview.



Sometimes, however, enable the command line fails. If performing the above steps, you suddenly see a message that the command prompt is disabled by your administrator, then only two options here: either the sysadmin really has disabled the command prompt, and then you can get to it you will not succeed, or is the result of a virus.



In the latter case, to re-enable the command prompt back to the menu "Run" and enter gpedit. We need user Configuration — Administrative templates — System — All options. Here you need to find the option to Ban the use of command line. Its status will change to Disabled or Not configured, and the command prompt is available again. Don't forget to also check your system for viruses.



















 

Advice 2: How to boot command prompt

If no operating system is loaded, the first action of most users is its reinstallation. But every computer user knows how much trouble connected with it. It and reinstalling drivers and data loss. Meanwhile, there is another way out: boot the system from the command line, which you can use to try to restore the normal operation of operating system.
You will need
  • - computer with Windows.
Instruction
1
To boot the system from the command line, you can regardless of, your operating system, or the computer constantly reboots. Most importantly, it begins to boot. Even if OS is down, if it starts the initial load, you can boot to the command line.
2
Turn on the computer. Immediately after switching it on, continuously press the key combination Windows+R. the Windows Key on a standard keyboard is in the bottom row, second from the left (it shows the logo of Microsoft). Instead of loading the operating system you will find yourself in the menu where you can choose command prompt.
3
Using the arrows on the keyboard from the list, select the Grub command Line and press Enter. Now the command prompt is running. In order to know the commands that you can use to attempt to restore the normal functioning of the operating system, enter the Help command. In the left part of the window displays a list of commands that you can enter on the right side - the description of each command.
4
The most common commands that you can use to try to restore the system. CHKDSK. With it you can test hard drive for errors. First, enter directly the CHKDSK and then the drive letter. Because the operating system installed in the majority of cases on disk, thus need to enter CHKDSK C. If you have a system disk referred to as a different letter, type that.
5
Also using the command line you can run the system restore process. To do this, enter the command Rstrui.exe. Console appears, with which you will be able to recover Windows. Also for the restore process you may need the disc with the distribution of your operating system.

Advice 3: What is the command line

On most modern computers have operating systems with GUI that allows you to control your computer through a convenient and intuitive interface. However, even in the newest versions of such systems is provided and the control method using text commands – command prompt.

The meaning of the command line



At the dawn of the digital development command prompt or the console was the only way of interaction between user and computer. Text command line interface did not require large number of resources used, and a single standard input commands facilitate their interpretation.

The command prompt otherwise known as a command interpreter, and is a field for input of certain text commands, providing the user with the operating system. Of course, in modern operating systems most of the operations performed by using a better GUI, but, nevertheless, there are some situations where using the command line is justified.

The fact is that if you know certain commands, get the result using the console would be faster than using the graphical interface. In addition, some commands do not provide any graphical counterpart, because they are used infrequently or are service, that is designed to administer the computer.

Another extensive field of application console – computer games. In some of them due to restrictions on used resources just aren't there another way to configure other command line allows more fine-tuning, to enter special codes or enable debug mode.

Call the console



In the most popular operating systems of the Windows family there are several ways to display a command prompt. First, you can click the "start" button, find the Run option and enter in the box that appears cmd. In some versions of Windows, the Run option is hidden but it can be invoked by the key combination Win+R.

Second, in Windows 7 command prompt shortcut can be found in the menu button "start" under "Programs", subsection "Standard". If you intend to frequently use the command line, a shortcut can be put on the desktop.

The third method also works only in Windows 7 operating system. It is that when you click right click on any folder while holding the Shift button will open the extended context menu, one of which ("Open command window") will open a command prompt.

Finally, you can simply find the executable file command line in the Windows folder. The file is called cmd.exe and is located in the system32 directory. You can either launch the command prompt directly from here, or you can create a shortcut and place it on the desktop.

Advice 4: How to restore windows from the command line

If Windows becomes unstable, often without cause reboots or freezes in many such cases, immediately begin to reinstall your OS. Not necessarily right to do it. Very often, the unstable operating system can sometimes be due to the lack of system files. To try to restore the normal operation of Windows and restore the system files from the command line.
You will need
  • a computer running the Windows operating system.
Instruction
1
Click "Start". In the ensuing menu, select "All programs." From the list of programs, select Accessories, then Command prompt. At the prompt, type sfc.exe/ and press Enter. Starts scanning the system files. If the system detects the absence of the required files, if possible, they will be restored from a stand-alone operating system directory. After this procedure, close the command prompt and restart the computer. This command file recovery works on all operating systems.
2
If you are running Windows XP and it won't start at all and you have no access to the command line, you need to run it in safe mode. To do this, turn on the computer and continuously press F8. A menu will appear the options of starting the operating system. As a startup option, select Safe mode with command prompt". Wait until the operating system will not start in safe mode. Note that the Windows boot process in this mode can be quite long, the screen may become dark and at first glance it may seem that the computer froze. But it's not.
3
When the operating system boots to the desktop it says "Safe mode". Most of the basic functions in safe mode is not available.
4
Go to the command line, as described above, and enter "%systemroot%/system32/restore/strui.exe". Then press Enter. Will "restore Wizard" of the operating system. Then just follow all his cues.
5
If after entering the command nothing happens, so you need not copy the command and enter it manually. After the "restore Wizard" has completed, restart the computer and log in to the system in the normal mode. If all goes well, the operating system must be stable.
Useful advice
Insert the Windows XP installation CD in the drive and reboot, in BIOS set the first boot device the floppy drive, if you do not know how, read BIOS: Download. Next, boot setup Windows XP and after loading a menu appears, select the item№2. To repair Windows XP using recovery console, press R.

Advice 5: How to run control panel from command line

The command line is in every version of Windows but use it infrequently. Sometimes the command line is a must. Probably many fall into a situation where disappear all the icons on the desktop, you cannot invoke task Manager or start the program. This may be due to the presence of computer viruses or the incorrect functioning of Windows. Then, the panel control in the usual way access not to. And then it will be useful for command prompt Windows.
You will need
  • A computer running the Windows operating system
Instruction
1
Before you use the command line, you must first enable the feature. Click on the "start" command, then select "All programs" from the list of programs, select "Standard". Find "Command prompt", click on it with the right mouse button. Opens a context menu where select "Run as administrator". A command window will open.
2
Note that when you enter data on the command line, it is very important to observe the exact input characters and to comply strictly with the keyboard layout. If you have written a large letter "C", then you need to enter large letter, hence using the Caps Lock key.
3
Keep in mind, it is not necessary to type a command on the keyboard, you can simply copy the command, then the command line press the right mouse button and in context menu select "Paste". Then press "Enter". Type or copy in the appeared window command Control Panel. After this "Panel control" will start. Here available completely all the components of the "Panel control" Windows.
4
Now for the most important components of Panel management separately." To run the component administratirovanie" type control /name Microsoft.OfflineFiles. To run the component brandmauer operating system type control /name Microsoft.BiometricDevices. To restore the system to an earlier state need to lead the command control /name Microsoft.WindowsFirewall. To customize a component in "Panel control" "date and time" required command input Date and Time.
5
The next component "Panel management" - "device Manager". To know the command for "device Manager" from the command line is important because very often, when the problem the operating system "device Manager" does not run in the standard way. To launch the device Manager enter the Device Manager. These components will be enough to get access to most operating system functions.
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