You will need
  • Books:
  • Averianov L. Y. Sociology: the Art of asking questions. M., 1998.
  • Dobrenkov V. I., Kravchenko A. I. methods and techniques of sociological research. M., 2009.
  • Yadov V. A. Strategy of sociological research: understanding, explanation, description of social reality. M., 2007.
Come up with a title for the questionnaire. For example: "candidate Questionnaire", "Questionnaire for graduates" or "Questionnaire coming to the University."

Make a clear short instruction on its filling and place on the front page of the questionnaire. The text of the statement can be something like this: "Carefully read the question and options of answer. Circle the option that corresponds to your opinion (these answers may be multiple). The survey is anonymous, all data are only used for scientific purposes".
Depending on the set objectives of the study, formulate questions and variants of answers to them. Open questions (without prompts) to include undesirable, because with a large sample size they become difficult to handle. Give preference to "closed" and "semi-closed" questions (including the answer "other").

Example closed question: "do You intend to apply to one or several universities? 01 - one University; 02 - in the two universities; 03 - in the three universities; 04 - four of the University; 05 - five universities".

An example of semi-closed questions: "Why did You choose for the admission to this University? 01 - it's prestigious University; 02 - in this University it is easier to do; 03 - on the advice of family or friends; 04 - satisfied with the location of the University; 05 - there's my desired specialty; 06 - other."
Develop a more clear structure of the questionnaire. At the beginning of the questionnaire should give enough light to short questions, not requiring much thought. You can then include a block of more complicated issues. Questions at the end of the questionnaire also needs to be simple. In addition, you should decide where to put information about socio-demographic characteristics of respondents (gender, age, place of residence, parental education, etc.). Sometimes it makes sense to put them in the beginning, sometimes at the end of the questionnaire. The number of questions in the questionnaire must be reasonable and take into account expected conditions for its completion. For the questionnaire on the subject would be enough with about 15-20 questions.
Hone the wording of questions and response options. Refer to the special sociological literature, where the requirements to the design of survey questions and their sequence. In particular, the issue should not prevent misunderstandings, the language of the questionnaire must be understandable to the respondents, the question should not cause a desire to please or fear of reprisals, the list of answer options must be complete, etc. Try to understand the difference between single and multiple response options, between direct and indirect, personal and impersonal issues. You may have questions-filters that eliminate the part of respondents to answer any question.
Swipe the so-called piloting of the questionnaire before launching it in the ground. In other words, tested it on several students, young men and women, townspeople and villagers. Check whether all the questions they clear, sufficiently full list of response options for each question, there are no irritating and provoking language. Then make the necessary adjustments, rastirayut and proceed to the field phase of the study.