Instruction

1

For mass and volume production, characterized by the special accounting of labour of workers employed in the preparatory and final work, the standard time for production of unit of production is equal to the piece-rate calculation time. For piece, batch and small-batch production, when the same employee performs the basic, preparatory and final work, these rules will be different.

2

When calculating quotas, which expresses the necessary result of activities of workers using natural indicators: pieces, meters, kilograms. The rate of production (Nvar) is the quotient of the duration of one working shift (VSM) for the time required to produce a unit of output (Vsht). For mass production the rate of production will be equal to:

Nvar = VSM / Vsht.

Nvar = VSM / Vsht.

3

If the production batch or unit, as the divisor in the above formula uses the amount Wstk – time, specific method of calculation when calculating the cost per unit of output. In this case, the output rate is calculated according to the formula:

Nvar = VSM / Vstk.

Nvar = VSM / Vstk.

4

In those industries where the preparatory stage calculates and normalized separately for each work shift, the production rate should be calculated according to the formula:

Nvar = (VSM – VPZ)/ Sci, where VPZ – time spent on preparatory and final work.

Nvar = (VSM – VPZ)/ Sci, where VPZ – time spent on preparatory and final work.

5

The formula for calculation of quotas in the cases of the use of automated equipment and hardware will be somewhat different:

Nvar = *NVM, But where the rate of service, NVM – the rate of production of equipment which is equal to:

NVM = NVM Teor * PFF. Here NVM Theor – the theoretical rate of production of the equipment used, the CPV – coefficient of labor time per shift.

Nvar = *NVM, But where the rate of service, NVM – the rate of production of equipment which is equal to:

NVM = NVM Teor * PFF. Here NVM Theor – the theoretical rate of production of the equipment used, the CPV – coefficient of labor time per shift.

6

In the case of periodic hardware processes the rate of production is equal to:

Nvar = (VSM – EO – ex) * trip * But/VOP, where the time spent on maintenance of equipment, Votl – time allowance for personal needs of staff, VP – produced for one period of production, the question of the duration of this period.

Nvar = (VSM – EO – ex) * trip * But/VOP, where the time spent on maintenance of equipment, Votl – time allowance for personal needs of staff, VP – produced for one period of production, the question of the duration of this period.

7

Quote (P) can be calculate by the formula:

R = s / Nwyr, or

P = Vsht * C, where C is the rate of this category of works.

R = s / Nwyr, or

P = Vsht * C, where C is the rate of this category of works.

# Advice 2 : How to determine the rate of production of

The concept

**of elaboration**is most often used as one of indicators of labour productivity. Labor productivity characterizes the efficiency of labor, its ability to produce per unit of time a certain amount of goods and services, as well as the amount of time spent on the production of a unit of production. Among the performance indicators the most important are the rate and level of**production**. How to determine the level of**production**?Instruction

1

Define

h - the number of workers taking part in the performance;

Tn - the time allowed for the job or one item (man-hours).

**the norm of****production**according to the formula: NV = Tr*h/Tngda Tr - duration of period in which to set standards**develop**(hours, minutes);h - the number of workers taking part in the performance;

Tn - the time allowed for the job or one item (man-hours).

2

Norm

**elaboration**depending on the type of goods, works and services can be expressed in units, units of length, area, volume, weight, etc.3

Experts in standardization work there are several varieties

- average hourly production – relation of production per period to the number of hours worked by all workers during this period;

- average daily production - relation of production per period to the number of person-days worked by all workers during this period;

- the average monthly production is the ratio of the volume of production per period to the average number of workers per month;

- the average annual output - the ratio of the volume of production for the period to the average number of workers per year.

**develop**:- average hourly production – relation of production per period to the number of hours worked by all workers during this period;

- average daily production - relation of production per period to the number of person-days worked by all workers during this period;

- the average monthly production is the ratio of the volume of production per period to the average number of workers per month;

- the average annual output - the ratio of the volume of production for the period to the average number of workers per year.

4

Defining

**normal****production**, find the level of**production**, as the ratio of the actually produced goods, works or services to normal. Consider this example: suppose the normal**production**is 10 pieces of products per hour, a worker produced 9 pieces the Level of**production**is 90%. If a work produced 11 pieces, respectively, the rate**of generation**is 110%.