Remember that a broken nose is always accompanied by bleeding, sometimes profuse. One should not forget that not in all cases, a nosebleed means that the nose is broken.
Touch the nose. If you felt a pronounced pain syndrome, it could be a sign that the nasal bone is broken. In this case, you must urgently seek medical care.
As a rule, when the fracture of the nasal bones, a strong swelling in the field of application of impact. Over time, you may also bruises under the eyes, they are called a symptom of "points".
Please note on the nose. It can change form, there is a displacement or retraction. Nasal breathing at this point can become difficult in the most severe cases, even impossible).
At the first suspicion on a fracture of the nasal septum, be sure to deliver the victim in medical institution. Diagnosis of fracture of the nose begins with a medical examination, which reveals the nature of the injury.
By visual inspection the doctor can determine the change of shape of the nose and edema at the point of impact. Palpation (feeling) may be determined crepitus fragments (crunch) as well as pronounced pain.
If there are no visible signs of displacement of the nose, of the victim for the accuracy of the diagnosis should be sent for x-rays of the nasal bones in lateral projection. After further diagnosis (offset or not) the issue of conducting the reposition of the bones (that is, "reposition", installation of fragments of bones in place) and the further course of treatment.
In any case, do not try to straighten the nose yourself.
If the damage of the nose to the medical examination necessary to apply cold. This will help to remove swelling and slightly reduce pain.
Advice 2: How to identify a broken nose
The nose is the most prominent part of the face, so it people hurt the most. Nasal fractures are quite common – they come in several types, depending on what can be complicated or to coalesce relatively quickly. To be able to define this kind of fracture is quite important not to miss time for his treatment.
Nasal fractures are without bias and with a mix of bone fragments. Treatment is assigned depending on the first or second kind, since the fracture without displacement is a lighter injury, namely, a crack in the bone. A displaced fracture is a serious injury and usually entails a number of unpleasant consequences, as well as longer treatment, accompanied by various physiotherapeutic procedures.
Also distinguish between open and closed fractures of the nose – in the first case, the integrity of the skin and the periosteum (tissue that protects the bone) remains intact, whereas in the second it is damaged and in the wound you see the bone and bone fragments. With an open fracture of the nose blood loss increases significantly – as well as the risk of falling into the wound of any infection that threatens serious complications.
After the injury you should first gently palpating nose. If there is pronounced pain, probably the nasal bone is actually broken and requires urgent medical attention. In addition, a broken nose is usually characterized by a strong swelling of the damaged area, and subsequent bruising under the eyes, reminiscent of a kind of glasses – they usually appear immediately, but some time after the injury.
Also characteristic symptom of a broken nose is shortness of breath, which in severe fractures becomes almost impossible. If you suspect such an injury of the nasal septum it is necessary to seek help in a medical facility where the doctor will examine and identify the nature of the injury by assigning an appropriate treatment. In the survey it propellerom the damaged area, identifying any debris from the crack or broken bone structure of the nasal septum, and send the victim to x-ray room where x-rays will be performed of the nasal bones. If the picture is determined by a displaced fracture, the patient will be held reposition (reset) of the bone fragments in place and assigned the further course of treatment.
Despite the fact that nasal fractures are always accompanied by bleeding, not all cases of epistaxis suggests that the nose is broken.
When fracture of the nasal bones, the nose often changes form, shifting to the side, or West on the damaged area.