You will need
- a syringe;
- - alcohol.
For intramuscular injectionand you will need a special syringe with a long needle. The injection needs to be done in the supine position. It is very important to choose the right place for a shotbut, otherwise, you may hurt the sciatic nerve. Imagine that you divide the buttock into 4 parts. You need stabbing in the extreme upper part.
Wash your hands. Take the vial and wipe the tip with cotton wool soaked in alcohol. Special nail file which is attached to the ampoule, spend several times at the base of the tip and break off it.
Open the package of the syringe. Do not remove the needle cap and slide it onto the syringe. Now remove the cap and gently draw up the medicine.
Then take the syringe in your left hand (hold it vertically), and right thumb tap on it, air bubbles rose up. Start releasing the air out until the medication on the tip of the needle.
Wipe the place of injectiona cotton wool moistened with alcohol. The skin in this area stretch or pinch fingers. This will reduce the pain.
Sharp movement insert the needle to the ground. Slowly inject the medication. Then remove the needle and attach to this place cotton soaked in alcohol. After a few seconds start to massage the area of injection.
If a drug is manufactured in powder form, you will need to dilute it novocaine or distilled water. For this you will need two needles and one syringe.
Fill the syringe liquid from the ampoule. Wipe the lid of the vial of powder with alcohol and enter into a vial of liquid. Remove the needle and shake the vial to until the powder is dissolved.
Then enter the resulting solution and a syringe. Remove the used needle and put on new. You can now do a shot.
If the drug is a oil solution, it has its own nuances. Before you make an injection, the vial should be heated in warm water. Remember that the oil solution should not get into the blood. So as soon as you insert the needle, pull the plunger. If you see that the syringe enters the blood, it would mean that you hit a blood vessel. Remove the syringe, put on a new needle and make the injection again. If the blood no longer enters the syringe, then you've come to the right place. In this case you can enter the solution.
Advice 2: How to make an injection of magnesia
Magnesia for many years been used as a remedy for tetanus. In addition, it was used when it was necessary to make anesthesia. Currently, magnesium is used to reduce blood pressure, pregnancy etc. it is best to enter it injecting, in this case it has an impact on virtually the entire body.
You will need
- syringe 10 ml;
- - alcohol;
- - iodine;
- - the novocaine.
Purchase at the pharmacy, magnesium sulfate (magnesium sulfate). The drug is sold in packs of ten ampoules ml. The solution is indicated in severe forms of hypertension, cases of poisoning by barium or lead, to facilitate the generative process, in epileptic seizures.
Take one ampoule of 10 ml or two 5 ml. This is enough to significantly reduce blood pressure. Special nail file, cut the upper part of the ampoule. Dial destinology solution in a syringe with a long needle. Mentally divide the buttock into four sectors. The extreme upper portion of the wipe with a cotton swab dipped in either alcohol solution. A quick motion insert the needle all the way into the buttock. Very slowly start to inject the drug. Then quickly remove the needle and press the injection site with a cotton swab moistened with alcohol. Injection spray 1-2 times a day, depending on the severity of the disease.
Take a solution of sulphate of magnesia 25% concentration in an amount of 20 ml, if the pregnancy is complicated by nephropathy. At the first degree of the disease producing injections twice a day, with the second four. To avoid inflammation and redness, and tissue necrosis at the injection site, injection should be done only by professionals. If this is not possible, then take a syringe with a very long needle. Prior to injection of warm solution of magnesia in his hands. Enter the needle deep into the muscle and slowly inject the solution. When performing injections do not allow the infection. On tummy to avoid redness and hardening, apply to the injection site warm heating pad or draw on this area of iodine mesh.
Take an ampule of novocaine, when the prick gives strong pain. Cut off the upper part and fill the syringe 2-3 cubes of mortar. After injection is done, remove the syringe, leaving the needle in the buttocks. Type in a solution of magnesia and reinsert the syringe needle into left and enter the drug.
Advice 3: How to make an injection rat
To obtain the injection with the medicine not only a prerogative of man. Animals also frequently prescribed medications in the injections. And if you inject the medicine cat or dog intramuscular simply, owners of small Pets, in particular, rats fall into difficulties.
Try to find a mate, to put an injection to the rat. Because the animal is small enough and nimble, so you can get right into the muscle alone can be problematic. Ideally, your helper should take the rat in his hands to his snout and tail to you. The tail should be towards the person who puts the shot.
Is better to cover the rat eyes, then she will be less nervous and jerky. Animal have to place it on a stable surface - most importantly, never do a injection on weight. Intramuscular injection is the rat, usually in the foot. Subcutaneous usually put in the withers.
Prepare the skin surface for the procedure - wipe or alcohol pad or a cotton swab dipped in alcohol. Pull the paw of rats and put a shot into the thickest part of the thigh. The syringe is enter in the direction against the grain, but do not get carried away: the needle should not go too far. Another rule of medication administration - do it slowly, because in the case of a sharp injection of the animal can receive pain.
Under the shoulder shot is the same way, and intramuscularly. Pull the skin on the withers and gently insert the needle. Do not forget about the slow introduction of the drug. If the injection of medication will be the seal, do not be afraid. A little massage this place, and the seal will dissolve.
Pay special attention to the choice of syringe. Due to the fact that the rat is an animal of small size, and quantity prescribed her medicinal product is equal to tenths of a milligram. In this regard, the syringes should be small. Typically, injections of this kind choose so-called insulin syringes. They are thin in body and in the needle. This means that the animal's skin will be less injured.
Don't forget to purchase in advance a sufficient number of syringes. This is due to the fact that rats usually administered twice or three times the introduction of the drug per day. However, some veterinarians say that it is possible to use the same syringe. But only if the shot you are doing with one drug and one rat.
Advice 4: How to make an injection in the shoulder cat
If the vet gives your cat a course of injections, a couple times a day to take their pet to the clinic to do the necessary procedures there. But it is much easier to master the art of acupuncture alone. Learn how to properly do the injections, you will prevent the cat from unnecessary stress and additional costs. Better to start with the simple injection – subcutaneous.
You will need
- - several syringes with thin needles (insulin or children);
- - preparations for injection;
- - plaid;
- - a treat for the cat.
Prepare everything you need for the shot. Print the bottle or vial of medicine if needed – blend the components for injection according to the recommendation of the vet. Place vials, syringes (better to have a backup) so as not to accidentally knock them over.
Type in the syringe the medication, adjust the amount in accordance with the prescribed dosage. Will release the air from the syringe.
Put the cat on the floor or sofa. Left hand take her by the shouldersand press them a little. Pull the skin of the withers, holding the cat by the elbow. The right hand take the syringe and insert the needle parallel to the surface on which the animal. Enter smooth, firm motion, not more than 1/3 of the needle. Make sure to get under the skin.
Slightly loosen the grip of the withers and slowly release medicine. If the coat becomes wet, then the liquid gets under the skin. Enter a new batch and repeat the injection.
If you doubt that you can handle the cat alone, get a helper. It needs to take pre-wrapped in a blanket the animal on his knees, firmly fixing it. You make the shot, acting on the scheme described above.
Don't panic if the cat will start to get nervous. Calmly bring the procedure to the end. Sometimes painful, not so much the puncture, how much medication that you insert.
Swipe your hand over the wool, making sure the medicine does not leak. This means that the injection is done correctly. Release the cat, give her a treat.
If your cat is prescribed a course of injections, it is better not to do injections in the same place. You can use the entire surface of the animal's body from neck to ribs. The main thing is pull the skin.
Sometimes after the injection in its place there is swelling or even a small bump. Don't worry, this is a natural reaction of the cat's body. After a few days she completely pass.
If you fear that you will not be able to properly give an injection, practice on a soft toy. The aim of the exercise is to correctly coordinate the movements and not to worry.
Advice 5: How to do an ass shot
An ass shot is done in the supine position of the patient. The injection site is wiped with a cotton ball soaked in alcohol. In the upper outer quadrant at an angle of 90 degrees to the surface, a sharp movement of the hand is the injection and slowly injected the medication. Space shots must be alternated.
Preparation prior to injection
An ass shot is preferred to be in the supine position of the patient. This allows you to make an injection less painful and prevents accidental breakage of the needle as the muscle in the supine position relaxed.
Before placing the injection should wash hands thoroughly with soap and water. Pulling a syringe out of the package, the needle should be put on the syringe with the cap. Nedelev a vial of a drug and broke off the top end, remove the needle cap and dial the desired drug. If necessary, pre-dilute it in water for injections (or novocaine). Then, holding the syringe vertically, made a tapping movement of the nail plate to the body, thus releasing the air from the syringe. Then by pushing the plunger of the syringe to expel through the needle a whole formed in the air. In order to verify the absence of air in the syringe, it is possible to release 1-2 drops of the medicine from the needle.
Technique of injection in the buttock
To determine the correct place of injection into the buttock, you should visually divide it into 4 parts. To make an injection only into the upper outer quadrant. In this introduction virtually eliminated the probability of hitting the sciatic nerve.
The injection site is wiped with a cotton ball soaked in alcohol. The syringe should inject a sharp movement of the hand at an angle of 90 degrees to the surface of the skin of the buttocks. A needle is inserted three quarters of its length. Then slowly injected the drug by pushing the plunger of the syringe with your thumb. With a cotton ball soaked in alcohol, you should press the injection site and with a quick movement removing the syringe. After injection, it is possible to massage the injection site the same with a cotton ball soaked in alcohol. It promotes complete and rapid absorption of the drug.
It is important to observe
Each time the buttocks need to be alternated. It is impossible to make a shot in the same cheek.
For adults, even if assigned to a drug in an amount of 2 ml, it is necessary to take a syringe with a volume of 5 ml. as the needle of the syringe dvuhgorbogo very thin and small, it is used only for subcutaneous injection. For intramuscular administration is necessary patchbay syringe.
Used syringe and needle must be disposed of. You cannot use a syringe and a needle repeatedly, it can lead to infection.
If injections are made often, on the buttocks can form a small hematoma (bruising), and space shots can hurt. To improve the condition, you can periodically do iodine grid. For this you need a cotton swab soaked in iodine, to spend a few bands crisscross on the outer quadrant of the buttocks.