You will need
- Bandage, tincture iodine, hydrogen peroxide, cotton wool, wound-healing ointments (troxevazina ointment "Flucinar"), analgin.
A wound is any violation of the integrity of the skin and internal blood vessels. Wounds, depending on the nature of the damage, are divided into deep and shallow. Deep wounds, as a rule, pose a significant risk, as the dog may lose a lot of blood. If the wound is deep, and the bleeding is arterial, the blood from the wound site has a fountain. In venous hemorrhage the blood comes out in a jet. In the field of wound inflammation appears, there is a local increase in temperature. The dog is limping and licking the wound.Wound treatment lies in its processing and ligation. The wounded place is to be cleaned of dirt, pus and wash it with clean water. Then it has to be treated with hydrogen peroxide, tincture of iodine or potassium permanganate. Open a deep wound you should immediately tight bandage to prevent blood loss. At the time of wound healing dog needs to wear a muzzle so she can't lick the wound.
Injury of the extremities is also a very frequent phenomenon that occurs in dogs when falling off the roof or getting into a traffic accident. When falling from high-rise buildings usually have all four paws of the animal. In this case, from severe pain the dog may be a shock. Therefore, when injuries of the limbs, the dog should be immediately moved to a quiet place, and then to check how serious the injury. Any injuries are accompanied by bruising, hematomas. Mild forms can be treated at home by applying to the affected area the ice and lubricating its remedy "Arnica" or any other similar healing ointment. Injuries are also treated with tincture of iodine, causing "iodine mesh". Any more serious injuries to be treated at the vet, the treatment of which should be immediate.
Sprains of the limbs - the injuries are not dangerous but nonetheless are unpleasant. Sprains are classified into four types: dislocations of the hip, dislocations of the patella, dislocations of the shoulder joint, dislocations of the elbow joint.In the first form of dislocation, torn ligaments and joint capsule. The thigh bone moves up and forward and not holding the joint. Treatment of hip dislocation involves reduction of the joint. Before the procedure make anesthesia sombrevinom or kalipsola in the amount of 2-4 per kilogram of body weight. After reposition of the joint gives the dog the opportunity to sleep.Patellar luxation is defined by the position of the dog's paws. Usually the dog is limping and holding his paw slightly raised. When patellar luxation do anesthesia Ramona, and then gently with both hands right hip.Dislocations of the shoulder and elbow joints are also treated under General anesthesia by reposition of joints.
Sprains occur when the failed movements of the dog, sharp hops, weak ligaments and tendons. They manifest themselves by pain, increased local temperature. If the dog has received a sprain, in the first place, she provide rest and apply ice to the injured place. Further applied warm compresses and bandages on the injured paw, give painkillers.
Bone fracture in dogs is considered the most severe injury is listed. Fractures are divided into closed and open. Closed fracture usually takes place without displacement of the bone, and the consequences of such a fracture is less severe. Open the fracture is accompanied by bleeding, so the dog, to receive such injury as soon as possible to bandage his paw. Causes of fractures are blows, falls from tall buildings, gunshot wounds and traffic accidents. Moreover, dogs who consume enough calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D, the probability of fracture increases as the bone becomes fragile.Treatment of fractures is always carried out at the animal hospital. In addition, the diet should introduce more vitamin D and calcium. Vitamin D is found in fatty fish, and the calcium in bone meal, meat. We also recommend that the dog is ready calcium.
The prevention of any injuries, from small wounds to fractures, consists in careful attention to your pet. You should not let your dog far away, you need to protect your pet from falls and gunshot wounds. You cannot allow the animal to suspicious people and other animals that may harm his health.
Advice 2: How to treat a wound in a dog
Dog owners are often faced with the necessity of treatment of their Pets. Fights, falls, cuts paws glass and sharp objects can all cause damage to the skin. In order to heal the wound, you must know the basics of first aid, which will be useful to every pet owner.
You will need
- -healing ointment;
- -the bandage;
- -gauze for the manufacture of a pressure bandage;
- phone the veterinarian.
First of all, the wound should be carefully examined. If your dog got scratch, in which a negligible amount of blood, it is necessary to process damage by any antiseptic (3 % hydrogen peroxide or chlorhexidine solution), you can then impose on the wound with ointment "Levomekol" or "Rescuer". The dog is not rasizada wound cover her vintovoi bandage.
More serious situation is with deep damage, which may cause venous or arterial bleeding. If you see such damage, it is urgent to stop the bleeding. If the wound is on the body, put on her compression bandage if injured limb, it is necessary to use a tourniquet, retreating 5-7 inches above the wound. After stopping bleeding, you must deliver the dog to the veterinary clinic.
If the wound is extensive, the veterinarian will have to sew that up. For this purpose, wound field shear wool, the wound is treated with antiseptic and anesthetic, and then sutured. After that, the owner of the dog will be required daily to handle the seam as show veterinarian and to ensure that the wound started to suppurate. If this happens, it is necessary to re-visit a veterinarian who will examine the wound and, if necessary, will prescribe your pet antibiotics.
If the blood from the wound acts as a small droplets, the capillary bleeding if the uniform stream pours dark in color, venous, with arterial bleeding, the blood will be bright red color, while from the wound, it will spill shocks.
Remember that summer harness imposed no more than an hour, winter is not more than 30 minutes. In order to avoid confusion, attach to the harness a little note with the time overlay.
Advice 3: How to treat a dislocated shoulder joint
As a result of pathological process or physical violence occurs the dissociation of the glenoid cavity of the scapula and the surfaces of the humeral head, called a dislocation of the shoulder joint. Dislocation is manifested by pain and cessation of function of the shoulder joint, occurring after the injury. The shoulder joint is deformed, loses its elasticity and becomes thicker. The fibrous tissue in such cases is growing in the muscles surrounding the joint occur dystrophic and atrophic changes.
During palpation of the shoulder joint can be felt the head is in an unusual place. Active motion is impossible, any feeling accompanied by severe pain. Dislocation may be accompanied by damage to nerves and major vessels. So the doctor in the diagnosis checks the pulsation on the arteries and compares the results with the healthy side. However, without an x-ray to put the final diagnosis, as can not recognize the fractured end of the humerus and scapula, and when the manipulation has a chance to cause patient harm.
After x-rays is the reduction of the dislocation under local or General anesthesia. Better to give preference to local anaesthesia, first under the cover is introduced to morphine, then into the cavity of the joint injected several doses of novocaine. Once the anesthesia kicks in, the doctor reduce the dislocation of one of the many ways at their discretion.
But in some cases, even when using classical methods can not restore the joint. These dislocations are irreducible and occur in case of contact with tissue between the mating surfaces. To remedy the situation is possible only through surgical intervention. Patients with chronic dislocations of the shoulder joint treated only at stationary observation.
After the shoulder joint reduce, the limb must be fixed with a plaster Longuet from the shoulder to the healthy heads of the metacarpal bones aching limbs. To avoid the usual dislocation, the period of immobility should be at least a month. In addition, assigned pain relievers, as shoulder ache for a long time, as well as UHF, which improves blood circulation, leaving swelling and inflammation. The specifics of the UHF is a cross-cutting effect on each tissue layer, separating inflammation from other tissues.
Next step go to physical therapy sessions, exercises should be focused on shoulder abduction and recovery of circular motion.
Re-dislocation can occur accidentally, in the abduction of the shoulder during the backswing during the throw or the laying of the hands over the head. Repeated dislocations are called habitual.
If dislocation of the shoulder joint persists, with an increase of limitations in the tissues developed fatty degeneration, fibrosis, cartilage degeneration, and no surgical intervention will be impossible.
Advice 4: How to treat joints in dogs
The dog eventually begins to be perceived as a real member of the family. With your beloved pet enjoy spending time Hiking, walking in the evenings. But sometimes the owner can notice that motor activity brings the animal not the usual joy and the pain and discomfort. The cause of the problem – arthritis: a serious disease requiring long treatment.
You will need
- - medicines;
- - the vitamins;
- - warmer.
Please consult your veterinarian. Tell your doctor about all the symptoms and problems. To start any treatment necessary only after detailed research and tests.
Change the diet of your dog. It is necessary to refuse dry food which contain too many carbohydrates and starches. Do not feed your pet with potatoes, cereals, tomatoes, and eggplant because these foods can cause exacerbation of the disease. Diversify the menu of your favorite oily fish salmon fish, boiled cartilage, greens. As for canned meat, carefully study their composition. Prefer ready canned food of lean meat and poultry.
Make sure that the dog is getting enough exercise. It can be regular walking, swimming, outdoor games on the air. The main goal of physical activity – to prevent the emergence of excess weight and help the animal to maintain flexibility. It is in any case not overwork your dog: excessive fatigue can trigger a complication.
Routinely the rate of vitamin. Pick up the drug, rich in vitamin C, but not ascorbic acid in pure form. Ideal – calcium ascorbate. As a drink, offer your pet decoctions of hawthorn, nettle, Yucca root, licorice. These chemicals have pronounced anti-inflammatory effect and with regular use can delay the use of therapeutic agents.
After consultation with the vet, pick up the medication. One of the key drugs for treating arthritis in dogs - glucosamine. This substance is produced cartilage tissue and synovial fluid, which provides "lubrication" of the joint. The additional intake of medicines containing glucosamine (Katrien, Arthroplex, Chondroitin Sulfate, teraflex, Startit), will help restore the cartilage of joints and symptoms of arthritis.
In the absence of acute inflammatory processes arrange pet warm. For example, apply a heating pad on the problem areas. If the heat will bring relief to the dog it will accept such therapy with joy.
Advice 5: How to treat dog wound
If the pet was injured, a good host should show it to the vet. However, in some cases with milder injuries can do on their own. If the wound is extensive, then the dog should provide first aid before the trip.
You will need
- - dressings;
- - harness;
- - boiled water;
- hydrogen peroxide or potassium permanganate;
- - brilliant green or iodine.
The bleeding is different, and their intensity depends on the method of stopping the blood. On the face, fingers, hands paws there are no major veins and arteries, the failure of which could threaten the life of the animal, so to stop the bleeding will help ordinary bandage. If damaged large vessels, tight bandaging is not enough, you need to put dog harness (that does not negate bandaging the wound). In summer, a tourniquet can be applied for half an hour, in three and a half. This time should be enough to make it to the vet.
If the bleeding is insignificant, or you managed to stop yourself, proceed with further processing. Gently shave the hair around the injured place. It must be done in order that the hairs were not included in the open wound and caused infection and suppuration.
Wash the wound warm boiled water, especially if it has dirt, debris, earth, branches. Then the wound should be washed with hydrogen peroxide solution or a weak solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate) pale pink.
Lubricate the wound with iodine or green paint. Please remember that to be processed needs only the skin around the wound, but did not itself damaged surface.
Apply on the wound with a sterile gauze pad and bandage. For reliability, the bandage can be clipped special mesh bandage.
Remember that if you can't stop the bleeding, or it resumes, the dog must show veterinarian. To do this you should also and in those cases, if the wound is too extensive, and the edge will have to mend if damaged not only the skin but also tendons, muscles. If the wound is small, but is dangerously close to vital internal organs is also an opportunity to show the pet doctor.
Advice 6: How to treat inflammation of the tendons of the knee
Inflammation of the tendons of the knee, or tendonitis occurs for various reasons. Treatment is individually based forms, symptoms and characteristics of the organism.
Causes inflammation of the tendons
The disease can occur at almost any age and encompass other tissues and joints. Knee joints are the most common affected area. The main causes of the inflammatory process are:
- injuries from excessive physical exertion;
- incorrect posture;
- the weakening of the tendons;
- associated diseases (gout, arthritis).
Effective treatment of tendonitis
After the detection of the disease should immediately begin treatment of inflammation, as it reduces motor function. In combination with medication should be excluded great exercise and provide the affected area a rest. It can be achieved by splinting, brace and selection of special orthopedic shoes.
For effective restoration of the patient's knee joint prescribed physiotherapy: shock-wave, ultraviolet, magnetic, and laser therapy. Such manipulations allow in the short term reduce inflammation, eliminate pain and restore motion of the joint. In chronic forms, it is recommended to apply a mud-and paraffin pack and carry out electrophoresis.
Therapeutic exercise is carried out only after removal of acute pain. It is necessary for the tendon and surrounding tissues and muscles become more elastic and strong. In the complex you can take a course of massage to improve circulation in the affected areas.
In the formation of ulcers required hiding content with scrubbing. Only in this case, the inflammation passes without serious complications. In the case of deformation or rupture of the tendons shall be appointed surgery. After that we need to completely eliminate physical activity for 3-4 months.
Help to improve the human condition in the inflammation of the tendons and traditional medicines:
- ginger extract - 1 tsp ground root per Cup of boiling water;
- the addition of curcumin to various dishes;
nut infusion – glass partitions walnut in 0.5 liters of vodka.
If pain worsens, you must consult the doctor for medical appointments . As a rule, appointed injections of corticosteroids, which effectively relieve pain and reduce inflammation. Specialist oversees the development dynamics of disease and choose the most appropriate .
As preventive measures it is advisable before any training and exercise to do workout, avoid prolonged repetitive movements, rational distribution of work time and rest the knee.