You will need
- Bandage, tincture iodine, hydrogen peroxide, cotton wool, wound-healing ointments (troxevazina ointment "Flucinar"), analgin.
A wound is any violation of the integrity of the skin and internal blood vessels. Wounds, depending on the nature of the damage, are divided into deep and shallow. Deep wounds, as a rule, pose a significant risk, as the dog may lose a lot of blood. If the wound is deep, and the bleeding is arterial, the blood from the wound site has a fountain. In venous hemorrhage the blood comes out in a jet. In the field of wound inflammation appears, there is a local increase in temperature. The dog is limping and licking the wound.Wound treatment lies in its processing and ligation. The wounded place is to be cleaned of dirt, pus and wash it with clean water. Then it has to be treated with hydrogen peroxide, tincture of iodine or potassium permanganate. Open a deep wound you should immediately tight bandage to prevent blood loss. At the time of wound healing dog needs to wear a muzzle so she can't lick the wound.
Injury of the extremities is also a very frequent phenomenon that occurs in dogs when falling off the roof or getting into a traffic accident. When falling from high-rise buildings usually have all four paws of the animal. In this case, from severe pain the dog may be a shock. Therefore, when injuries of the limbs, the dog should be immediately moved to a quiet place, and then to check how serious the injury. Any injuries are accompanied by bruising, hematomas. Mild forms can be treated at home by applying to the affected area the ice and lubricating its remedy "Arnica" or any other similar healing ointment. Injuries are also treated with tincture of iodine, causing "iodine mesh". Any more serious injuries to be treated at the vet, the treatment of which should be immediate.
Sprains of the limbs - the injuries are not dangerous but nonetheless are unpleasant. Sprains are classified into four types: dislocations of the hip, dislocations of the patella, dislocations of the shoulder joint, dislocations of the elbow joint.In the first form of dislocation, torn ligaments and joint capsule. The thigh bone moves up and forward and not holding the joint. Treatment of hip dislocation involves reduction of the joint. Before the procedure make anesthesia sombrevinom or kalipsola in the amount of 2-4 per kilogram of body weight. After reposition of the joint gives the dog the opportunity to sleep.Patellar luxation is defined by the position of the dog's paws. Usually the dog is limping and holding his paw slightly raised. When patellar luxation do anesthesia Ramona, and then gently with both hands right hip.Dislocations of the shoulder and elbow joints are also treated under General anesthesia by reposition of joints.
Sprains occur when the failed movements of the dog, sharp hops, weak ligaments and tendons. They manifest themselves by pain, increased local temperature. If the dog has received a sprain, in the first place, she provide rest and apply ice to the injured place. Further applied warm compresses and bandages on the injured paw, give painkillers.
Bone fracture in dogs is considered the most severe injury is listed. Fractures are divided into closed and open. Closed fracture usually takes place without displacement of the bone, and the consequences of such a fracture is less severe. Open the fracture is accompanied by bleeding, so the dog, to receive such injury as soon as possible to bandage his paw. Causes of fractures are blows, falls from tall buildings, gunshot wounds and traffic accidents. Moreover, dogs who consume enough calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D, the probability of fracture increases as the bone becomes fragile.Treatment of fractures is always carried out at the animal hospital. In addition, the diet should introduce more vitamin D and calcium. Vitamin D is found in fatty fish, and the calcium in bone meal, meat. We also recommend that the dog is ready calcium.
The prevention of any injuries, from small wounds to fractures, consists in careful attention to your pet. You should not let your dog far away, you need to protect your pet from falls and gunshot wounds. You cannot allow the animal to suspicious people and other animals that may harm his health.