Advice 2: How to give the shot the dog at the withers
- medicine, syringe, water for injection, cotton wool, alcohol
Advice 3: How to do a shot of aloe
Advice 4: How to do injections progesterone
Advice 5: How do the injections for rabies
What is infuriating
The main symptom of rabies is an irrational fear of water that progresses and is accompanied by painful seizures and fits of anger. After a few days these symptoms fade away, and paralysis of the muscles of the limbs and respiratory muscles. This causes a person to stop breathing and painful death.
The rabies virus enters the human body with saliva of an infected animal. The most frequent sources of infection are foxes, bats, dogs, cats and livestock. Also described cases when the infection occurred as a result of the bite of a healthy person sick. The disease manifests itself immediately. The incubation period can be from 10 days to three months or more.
Who put the injections against rabies
Vaccination against rabies is routine and emergency. Routinely give injections to hunters, veterinarians, slaughterhouse workers, and persons engaged in catching of neglected animals. Emergency immunization to people who have been bitten or scratched by an animal is a potential carrier of the virus. Minor damage to the skin doctors restrict the use of the vaccine. In case of serious damage to the victim in addition, you enter the immunoglobulin.
Despite the fact that vaccination against rabies has a number of side effects and is not always well tolerated, contra-indications for emergency vaccination does not exist. Routine vaccination is not carried out for pregnant women and Allergy sufferers.
How many injections should I do
Times when for emergency prevention of rabies relied 40 shots in the stomach, are long gone. Now to prevent the disease in a much more humane scheme. The number of vaccinations required to protect against rabies no more than six. Doing my first injection on the day of animal bite, the second − on the third day, the third and subsequent on the 7th, 14th, 28th and 90th days.
If the person was previously vaccinated against rabies and he has been diagnosed with a stable immunity to the disease (high titer), administered in an abbreviated scheme: on the day of bite and on the third day after it.
There are indications for the cessation of vaccination. The injections cease to do if after 10 days NAVSEA animal is alive and well (provided that you have the opportunity to observe him). Immunization is also done in case Umarsultanov animal after research of the rabies virus in their system.
Advice 6: How to do the injections
Intramuscular injection can be done in the gluteal muscle or into the thigh muscle. To determine a suitable location for injection in the buttock, you should mentally divide it into four quarters – the prick needs to be done in the outer upper quarter. Selecting the right place for the shot, you will eliminate the possibility of getting game of the syringe into the sciatic nerve. If an injection is to be done in the thigh muscle, the injection site will be at its front outer surface (in middle third of the muscle). If you've never done the injections, do the pre - "markup" muscle Zelenka or iodine – so you will not go wrong.
By the way, to make injections necessary for the patient, which is then the muscles will be relaxed, and the risk of breaking the needle or not to introduce her to the desired depth is minimized, and injection does not seem too painful. The syringe should be with a long needle short needle may not reach the muscle, and the injection will be done under the skin (resulting in inflammation).
Before you inject, wash your hands, put the needle cap on the syringe, remove the cap and draw up the medicine, tapping his fingernail on the syringe. The air in the syringe will rise to the top – it should be issued, holding the syringe vertically. Wipe the injection site with alcohol and a sharp precise movement insert the needle at full length. The drug should be administered slowly after the injection the injection site of the medication should be re-disinfected with alcohol.
Advice 7: How to give injections to little kids
- a syringe;
- - alcohol.
Advice 8: What is the "hot shot"
Why do hot shots of calcium
"Hot shot" calcium gluconate is prescribed to make up for lack of calcium in the body and also for treatment of allergic, skin, cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases. Injections are performed in three ways: fast injection, intravenous drip, intracardiac injection (injected into the space of the ventricle).
Injections of calcium chloride to help with the shortage of this trace element in the body, and also in the period when a person requires increased amount of calcium (lactation, pregnancy). Such injections can be scheduled at its low content in the diet or if the absorption of this trace mineral in the intestine is disturbed. "Hot shot" is used to eliminate the symptoms of intestinal, biliary, renal colic, to relieve inflammation, to reduce the permeability of blood vessels, allergies. This injection also included in the complex of resuscitation measures as anti-shock medication.
Injection of calcium are appointed with caution in renal, respiratory and cardiac failure, the rate of glycoside drugs. Hot injections are contraindicated when a significant excess of calcium in the body, with resistant ventricular fibrillation. With the introduction of the drug in an inappropriate blood vessel can receive chemical burns of the mucous membranes of the inner walls of the veins. Subsequently, in this place, may develop thrombophlebitis (inflammation of a vein wall). In rare cases, accidental contact with chloride of calcium under the skin is necrosis of the subcutaneous fat, inflammation begins with suppuration. Too rapid administration of the drug may cause the acceleration of the contractions of the ventricles, this condition can lead to heart failure.
"Hot shot" magnesia
"Hot shot" of magnesia (magnesium sulphate) is performed intramuscularly. Such injections typically are assigned to pregnant women to reduce uterine tone with the threat of miscarriage or premature birth. Injections of magnesia do in large accumulations of muscle (in the buttocks). Magnesium sulfate it is necessary to introduce very slowly, avoiding its stagnation in the muscle tissue. You should also make sure that the syringe needle did not get into small arteries blood vessels.
"Hot shot" will be easier to move if the patient after the procedure you will stay in a horizontal position for some time. Sometimes an injection of magnesia require anesthesia, while simultaneously injected novocaine. Injections of magnesium sulfate contraindicated with hypersensitivity to components with increased content of magnesium in the body, with oppression of the respiratory center, low blood pressure, severe bradycardia, renal failure, AV blockade, as well as in the prenatal period.