Advice 1: How to do injections intravenous

Intravenous injection, you should trust professional medical workers, as only they can correctly perform the injection and to provide emergency medical care. But if currently you can't contact a doctor, and an intravenous injection (an injection) must be done quickly, you will have to do some actions independently. Be sure to observe the sequence of actions, since the correctness of the shot depends on your health.
How to do injections intravenous
Instruction
1
You need to prepare all medical instruments for the procedure: disposable syringe, antiseptic, medicine, sterile cotton, rubber elastic harness. After that, you carefully wash your hands and skin area of the body, which will be staged injection (a shot). Then treat with antiseptic the end of the medication vial and carefully open the vial, dial the desired amount of medication into the syringe. Remove all air bubbles from the syringe through the needle.
2
Prepare patient for the procedure, will comfortably seat him by the arm, put the oilcloth pillow. Apply a rubber tourniquet on the shoulder to 5 cm above from the elbow or the intended point of injection. Be sure to check the accuracy of overlapping elastic harness: the pulse at the radial artery should not be changed. Ask the patient several times to squeeze and unclench the fist. In the elbow crease with your finger feel for the vein.
3
Then thoroughly clean the skin over the vein and around it with a sterile cotton swab with alcohol, then about 5 cm below the intended point of puncture with the thumb of the left hand, pull on the soft tissue and the vein. The needle must be kept at a 45° angle, be sure to cut up along the vein at a distance of 1.5 cm from the intended point of injection.
4
Next, insert the needle under the skin, reducing its angle of inclination, so she was almost parallel to the skin, push the needle a little along the vein and enter the vein at the 1/3 length. Before the introduction of drugs pull the little plunger of the syringe itself - in the syringe you should see the blood, and then you are in Vienna.
5
Remove the tourniquet and ask the patient to unclench the fist, and then slowly inject the medicine into a vein. After injection, remove the needle from the vein, the injection press sterile cotton wool and ask the patient to bend the arm at the elbow for 3-5 minutes. The injection site can be dressed with sterile bandage. The procedure is completed.
Note
after the end of infusion to the injection site is pressed with a cotton ball, and the needle is withdrawn from the vein. When administered intravenously, the drug in the first place, it is necessary to fear falling into the syringe of air bubbles, because getting into the blood even a very small amount of air leads to embolism. In addition to the veins of the elbow, intravenous infusion can be done in smaller veins: hands, feet, forearms, temporal lobe (most often in young children).
Useful advice
How to make an intravenous injection. When performing intravenous injections (venipuncture) is especially important strict adherence to all points of the instructions and rules of hygiene. All of the air bubbles remaining in the syringe after the medication, be sure squeezed in a vein should not get one tiny bubble! Intravenous infusion is usually produced in a vein of the elbow bend. The site of the proposed injection must be carefully treated with alcohol.

Advice 2: How to give the shot the dog at the withers

Dogs, like people, periodically suffer. And if the usual food poisoning can be relieved with pills and special diets, more serious diseases require the administration of drugs with a syringe. Well, when injections have to do 2-3 and a veterinary hospital is not far from you. What to do if your four-legged friend requires frequent daily injections? Do not despair, to learn to put the dog shot in the withers alone – not such a difficult task.
How to give the shot the dog at the withers
You will need
  • medicine, syringe, water for injection, cotton wool, alcohol
Instruction
1
An important condition – sterility. Do not think that only human has a value of sterilization of hands and instruments when conducting a variety of medical procedures. Be sure to wash your hands with soap and water before will make the dog an injection. Prepare sterile cotton, alcohol solution and a container of medicine. Please note that everything should be on you within easy reach so you don't have to run around the apartment with a syringe in hand, looking for candy or medicine. So, with clean hands carefully open the package with the syringe and holding the needle tip in a plastic bag, plant it on the base of the syringe.
2
Now type in a syringe medication. If the solution is in the vial, open it with a nail file and type the contents of the syringe. If you are dealing with a dry substance, dissolve, enter into a special syringe of water for injection and puncture the rubber cap of the vial of medicine, insert it inside. The needle must be removed and then close the cap, and the solution stirred until homogeneous. After the medicinal substance to dissolve completely, and the other with a sterile needle again pierce the cap and enter the required amount of drug into the syringe. When the medication in the syringe is typed, make sure that there are no more bubbles of air – pressure on the syringe until the medicine does not appear on the surface of the needle.
3
Most responsible – himself prick. Find the withers is the place where the neck ends and starts of the scapula of the dog. The nerve endings here are a few and important blood vessels are far away, so even if you do something not so, no harm to the animal will not do. So, collect the left hand the skin on the shoulder in the crease, and right quick confident movement enter at the base of the folds needle. Do not be afraid to insert the needle too deeply, remember that you need to enter the medication under the skin, and it can be done only if the puncture is not superficial. Is to insert the needle at 2/3, but if you get deeper is good, too. Now press on the syringe, continuing to hold the pleat in the assembled state. When the syringe is empty, carefully remove the needle and only then straighten the crease on the withers.
Note
If you see that from the puncture site oozing blood, wipe it with cotton wool moistened with alcohol solution. During the injection you accidentally touched a blood vessel. No harm to the animal you are dealt.
Useful advice
If the needle was inserted too deeply, not to worry about it. Just pull the syringe back a little and continue to enter the medication.

Advice 3: How to do a shot of aloe

The miraculous properties of aloe has long been known as the folk and traditional medicine. Treatment by injection is used in gynaecology, ophthalmology and gastroenterology. In addition, the extract of aloe accelerates healing in various kinds of inflammation, strengthen the immune system and improves metabolism.
How to do a shot of aloe
Instruction
1
Wash your hands with soap or disinfect them with an alcoholic solution.
2
Select the area of the injection. Extract aloe isgenerally injected subcutaneously, so the upper arm or abdomen would be preferable. If a shot is not the first, it is important not to fall into the place of the previous one. This can lead to the occurrence of edema, seals and even scar, so the alternative injection site could be the thigh or buttock.
3
Extract insulin syringe and draw it in the prescribed dose of medication. Depending on the age and severity of the condition it may vary from 0.3 ml (children under 5 years of age) to 1 ml (adults). A shot of aloe very painful, so if you assign a larger number of drugs (2-4 ml), make an injection of 0.5 ml of novocaine (in the absence of an allergic reaction to the drug). Put the medicine very slowly, this will help to minimize severe pain. Ensure that the needle penetrated no deeper than 2/3 of the length, and an angle of about 45 degrees.
4
When the entire portion of drugs injected under the skin, remove the syringe and press to place a shotand gauze, heavily soaked with alcohol. Massage the injection site in a circular motion. This would not only reduce pain, but also prevent the occurrence of swelling and compaction.
5
Because of the pain, injections of the extract of aloe are conducted once a day. However, to achieve a pronounced effect required prolonged therapeutic course. In most cases it is 30-35 treatments, but the duration of treatment may be shortened or lengthened according to the testimony.
6
In severe diseases of the heart, kidneys and digestive organs need injection only in a medical office. In the last trimester of pregnancy extract aloe is contraindicated.

Advice 4: How to do injections progesterone

Progesterone is a hormone which in healthy women is produced by the ovaries and in small amount by the adrenal cortex. In the progesterone deficiency can cause problems with pregnancy and childbearing. Prevent this by using hormonal injections.
How to do injections progesterone
Instruction
1
Even if a woman is planning pregnancy, lack of progesterone , will prove reproductive disorders. It can be as uterine bleeding, irregular menstrual cycle and amenorrhea. If you suspect hormonal problems should not begin treatment without going to the doctor and confirmation of progesterone deficiency laboratory methods. Give blood on an empty stomach on a 22-23 day cycle. The results of the analysis will be judged: the body needs hormonal support or not.
2
Injections of progesterone can be administered subcutaneously or intramuscularly. The effectiveness of the treatment depends on the method of drug administration. However, painful feelings are less pronounced after intramuscular injection, so doctors often prescribe them. Besides if subcutaneous injection are often formed seals and subcutaneous hematoma.
3
Before you dial the medication into the syringe, warm the ampoule to a temperature of 36-40°C. In this case, the oil solution of progesterone becomes less viscous and lighter is injected into the muscle.
4
If progesterone is assigned to you for the treatment of dysfunctional uterine bleeding, do the injections for 6-8 days. Optimal dose of 5-10 mg (0.5-1 ampoule of 1% solution).
5
To maintain pregnancy take injections of progesterone every day. Depending on the severity of the condition, the dosage may range from 1 ml of 1% up to 1 ml of 2.5% solution. Stop the treatment when all symptoms disappear, indicating the possibility of miscarriage.
6
Habitual abortion start hormonal support for the early stages of pregnancy. Until the end of the first trimester do intramuscular injections of progesterone in a dosage of not more than 25 mg (either 1 ampoule of 2.5% solution, or 2.5 vials of 1% solution).
Note
Depending on the severity of the symptoms, indicating Progesteronum failure, may be assigned a different treatment regimen. Before starting therapy consult your doctor.

Advice 5: How do the injections for rabies

Rabies is an infectious disease, a pathogen which is one of the rhabdoviruses. A carrier of the disease can be infected animal that the bite transmits the virus from saliva. Today, rabies is incurable, so preventing the disease is possible only through vaccination.
How do the injections for rabies

What is infuriating



The main symptom of rabies is an irrational fear of water that progresses and is accompanied by painful seizures and fits of anger. After a few days these symptoms fade away, and paralysis of the muscles of the limbs and respiratory muscles. This causes a person to stop breathing and painful death.

The rabies virus enters the human body with saliva of an infected animal. The most frequent sources of infection are foxes, bats, dogs, cats and livestock. Also described cases when the infection occurred as a result of the bite of a healthy person sick. The disease manifests itself immediately. The incubation period can be from 10 days to three months or more.

Who put the injections against rabies



Vaccination against rabies is routine and emergency. Routinely give injections to hunters, veterinarians, slaughterhouse workers, and persons engaged in catching of neglected animals. Emergency immunization to people who have been bitten or scratched by an animal is a potential carrier of the virus. Minor damage to the skin doctors restrict the use of the vaccine. In case of serious damage to the victim in addition, you enter the immunoglobulin.
Despite the fact that vaccination against rabies has a number of side effects and is not always well tolerated, contra-indications for emergency vaccination does not exist. Routine vaccination is not carried out for pregnant women and Allergy sufferers.


How many injections should I do



Times when for emergency prevention of rabies relied 40 shots in the stomach, are long gone. Now to prevent the disease in a much more humane scheme. The number of vaccinations required to protect against rabies no more than six. Doing my first injection on the day of animal bite, the second − on the third day, the third and subsequent on the 7th, 14th, 28th and 90th days.
If the person was previously vaccinated against rabies and he has been diagnosed with a stable immunity to the disease (high titer), administered in an abbreviated scheme: on the day of bite and on the third day after it.


There are indications for the cessation of vaccination. The injections cease to do if after 10 days NAVSEA animal is alive and well (provided that you have the opportunity to observe him). Immunization is also done in case Umarsultanov animal after research of the rabies virus in their system.

Advice 6: How to do the injections

Sometimes you may need to urgently make a person an injection of a medicinal product, and the medic nearby is simply no – where to get help. Why you should know how in case you need injections at least by intramuscular injection, as intravenous injections to do it yourself is still not recommended, it is better to entrust this procedure to people who have relevant experience or medical education.
How to do the injections

Intramuscular injection can be done in the gluteal muscle or into the thigh muscle. To determine a suitable location for injection in the buttock, you should mentally divide it into four quarters – the prick needs to be done in the outer upper quarter. Selecting the right place for the shot, you will eliminate the possibility of getting game of the syringe into the sciatic nerve. If an injection is to be done in the thigh muscle, the injection site will be at its front outer surface (in middle third of the muscle). If you've never done the injections, do the pre - "markup" muscle Zelenka or iodine – so you will not go wrong.



By the way, to make injections necessary for the patient, which is then the muscles will be relaxed, and the risk of breaking the needle or not to introduce her to the desired depth is minimized, and injection does not seem too painful. The syringe should be with a long needle short needle may not reach the muscle, and the injection will be done under the skin (resulting in inflammation).



Before you inject, wash your hands, put the needle cap on the syringe, remove the cap and draw up the medicine, tapping his fingernail on the syringe. The air in the syringe will rise to the top – it should be issued, holding the syringe vertically. Wipe the injection site with alcohol and a sharp precise movement insert the needle at full length. The drug should be administered slowly after the injection the injection site of the medication should be re-disinfected with alcohol.

Advice 7: How to give injections to little kids

An injection is a painful medical manipulation even for an adult. Children are often much more sensitive to pain. However, if necessary the parent can carry out this procedure independently.
How to give injections to little kids
You will need
  • medicine;
  • a syringe;
  • Vata;
  • - alcohol.
Instruction
1
If we are talking about subcutaneous or intramuscular medication can deal with this Amateur. But independent from intravenous injections small children it is better to refrain. People with no experience medical procedures, can easily pierce through a vein, causing pain and harm to the child. For such procedures it is better to visit a doctor or call the home nurse.
2
Prepare the necessary materials. Besides the medicine, get a syringe. It is better to choose a product with the most thin needle so the injection will be less painful. Also you will need cotton wool or cotton pads, alcohol for disinfection and medical gloves. With the introduction of medication from the vial and stock up on the razor. It will come in handy if you fail to break off the tip from glass packaging. It will be good if you manage to dull any of your relatives to help you.
3
Wash your hands and put on medical gloves. Then enter the desired amount of medication into the syringe. However, if you pierced with a needle the rubber stopper, it is better to change. After filling the syringe, shake it and squeeze the part of the drug. This is to ensure that the liquid at the introduction did not get air bubbles.
4
Call the assistant, who must document the child in the desired position. For intramuscular injections is lying on the stomach. Select an injection site and wipe it with cotton wool with alcohol. An injection in the buttock needs to be made in the upper outer lobe. In this place lie the nerves and blood vessels, which is especially dangerous to touch. Carefully insert the needle at a right angle to the buttock. If the child is in the age of reason, try to distract him, for example, viewing the cartoon.
5
After the introduction of the syringe a little, pull the plunger of the syringe. if the medicine will enter the blood, it means you have hit an artery, and you should change the injection site. If no blood inject the medication. Do it smoothly, the child should not make sudden movements with your assistant. After the introduction of the desired dose, take the needle and clean the wound with alcohol. Can apply to her wool, if fear of bleeding. After the injection reassure the child if he would cry.

Advice 8: What is the "hot shot"

Hot shot got its name due to the fact that during the procedure the patient feels an intense burning sensation or spreading of heat. A similar effect is given injections of calcium, magnesium.
What is the "hot shot"

Why do hot shots of calcium



"Hot shot" calcium gluconate is prescribed to make up for lack of calcium in the body and also for treatment of allergic, skin, cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases. Injections are performed in three ways: fast injection, intravenous drip, intracardiac injection (injected into the space of the ventricle).

Injections of calcium chloride to help with the shortage of this trace element in the body, and also in the period when a person requires increased amount of calcium (lactation, pregnancy). Such injections can be scheduled at its low content in the diet or if the absorption of this trace mineral in the intestine is disturbed. "Hot shot" is used to eliminate the symptoms of intestinal, biliary, renal colic, to relieve inflammation, to reduce the permeability of blood vessels, allergies. This injection also included in the complex of resuscitation measures as anti-shock medication.

Injection of calcium are appointed with caution in renal, respiratory and cardiac failure, the rate of glycoside drugs. Hot injections are contraindicated when a significant excess of calcium in the body, with resistant ventricular fibrillation. With the introduction of the drug in an inappropriate blood vessel can receive chemical burns of the mucous membranes of the inner walls of the veins. Subsequently, in this place, may develop thrombophlebitis (inflammation of a vein wall). In rare cases, accidental contact with chloride of calcium under the skin is necrosis of the subcutaneous fat, inflammation begins with suppuration. Too rapid administration of the drug may cause the acceleration of the contractions of the ventricles, this condition can lead to heart failure.

"Hot shot" magnesia



"Hot shot" of magnesia (magnesium sulphate) is performed intramuscularly. Such injections typically are assigned to pregnant women to reduce uterine tone with the threat of miscarriage or premature birth. Injections of magnesia do in large accumulations of muscle (in the buttocks). Magnesium sulfate it is necessary to introduce very slowly, avoiding its stagnation in the muscle tissue. You should also make sure that the syringe needle did not get into small arteries blood vessels.

"Hot shot" will be easier to move if the patient after the procedure you will stay in a horizontal position for some time. Sometimes an injection of magnesia require anesthesia, while simultaneously injected novocaine. Injections of magnesium sulfate contraindicated with hypersensitivity to components with increased content of magnesium in the body, with oppression of the respiratory center, low blood pressure, severe bradycardia, renal failure, AV blockade, as well as in the prenatal period.
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