Due to the similarity of symptoms, first aid measures for solar and heat stroke are virtually identical. The victim should be moved to a shaded area, lay on your back and provide him with fresh air. You can do this by undoing the buttons on the collar of his shirt and loosening the belt. Do not be redundant cold compresses on the head and large vessels in the armpit and popliteal fossae, as well as rubbing and spraying the body with cool water. Possibly you can even throw the victim or to wrap a wet sheet, however this should be done carefully so as not to cause vasospasm. If the patient is conscious, you need to give him strong tea or cool water, preferably mineral or lightly salted.
In severe cases, if the victim is unconscious, first aid measures are not limited to the cooling of the body. In order to avoid respiratory failure in case of vomiting, the patient must be put to the side and try to revive, giving to smell the cotton wool moistened with liquid ammonia. If the victim's condition is deteriorating, no pulse and breathing, should immediately, without waiting for the arrival of "ambulance", to initiate artificial respiration and indirect heart massage.
Even if the condition of the victim after first aid does not cause fear, in order to avoid complications it is necessary to show it to the doctor.
Advice 2: How to behave during heat stroke
The symptoms and signs of heat stroke
The first signs of heat stroke include feeling pressure in the head, knock in temples, palpitations, moist, cold sweat, sudden reddening of the face and neck, the feeling of "vatnost" legs and some of weightlessness of the body. The person feels a sharp drowsiness, weakness, darkening of (greening) in the eyes and may even faint.
Less heat stroke is accompanied by nausea or vomiting. In severe cases, people with a weak circulatory system and nerve diseases may include muscle cramps and visual hallucinations.
In young children due to the limitations of thermoregulation of the body may immediately increase the body temperature to 38 degrees, the palm (the back side) and lips become dry and hot.
First aid for heat stroke
If you are indoors or on the street alone and feel the approaching heat stroke – take the supine position, bend your knees and intensively RUB your earlobes. Possible remove outer clothing and socks. When unconscious the attack will be weakened, take a cool bath and let the body dry yourself.
To assist another victim also lay the person on the floor or ground in a cool place, put something under the legs at the ankles. Find the ice cold bottle or something cold, wrap in a lightweight fabric and attach to the occipital depression (where the head into the neck) of a person.
If vomiting occurs to prevent aspiration of vomit into the respiratory tract you should lay the person so that the position of the body was in position on all fours (for example, a child to bend using their knees).
Provide access to oxygen: place the fan or pitch something like a fan or vane. Give a drink of cold water with salt (one-third teaspoon of salt per Cup of water). In severe cases, call an ambulance.
Attention: in no case can not give the victim an Aspirin effervescent and other antipyretics diaphoretic medicines, it may only aggravate the situation.
Prevention of heat stroke
In order to avoid thermal shocks on the street are wearing breathable clothing and a hat. Do not exercise in an unventilated room. After every 30 minutes spent in the sun, go in shade for 10-15 minutes, so that the body could cool down.
Often bathe before going out and after taking a contrast shower. Be sure to take a walk mineral water without gas or medium glazirovannogo. Snack fresh cucumber will also help to replenish water in the body.