You will need
- - special line,
- spanner 13 mm,
- - "Bobrovy key No. 1.
Check the toe angle of the front wheels currently on special stands, but not so long ago, a similar test was performed independently on the pit.
Validation has been performed using a special ruler that measured the distance between the front and rear edges of the wheels at the points of maximum convergence and divergence, which are located horizontally at a level slightly above the mounting rods approximately in the middle of the wheel.
In those cases, when at hand was not a special ruler, did it yourself, fixing caliper on a suitable size wooden slats.
If during the test, the toe angle of the front wheels revealed a divergence from the norm, the need to release the tightness of lock nuts of the steering ends and turning the rods, as a rule, the adjustable plumbing key ("Bobkova"), to achieve the desired distance.
As an example, consider the toe of the front wheels of the car VAZ "classic line", where the distance between the front and rear edge of the rim of the wheels, equal to 2 mm. But when measuring it turned out that this distance is 4 mm.
Then, releasing the tie rods in the manner specified above, first rotate the left tie rod counterclockwise until then, until you reduce the toe to 3 mm, and then rotate the right tie rod, achieving regulatory convergence of the wheels equal to 2 mm.
On trucks this adjustment is made even easier. Because their steering is equipped with only one tie rod with ends having right and left threads. Freeing the lugs and rotating traction, at the same time governed by the convergence of the two front wheels.
The angle of convergence is different for different types of vehicles, to clarify how it should be, read the guide to repair the car running similar adjustment.
Advice 2: How to adjust the similarity collapse
When driving on the road car should clearly stay the course. For this is its steering. If this condition is not satised, then in that case to keep the car on track becomes extremely difficult, which can lead to accidents. You should regularly check not only the alignmentbut also the state of suspension as it affects your and someone else's life on the road.
You will need
- - the range;
- - a special device from the telescopic pipes
Install the vehicle on a level platform above an inspection pit or on a hoist. The adjustment Assembly independently of the collapse is possible. Check the steering wheel. Make sure that the rectilinear motion it is right, except that the number of turnover left and right must match. After the installation of the car, check the tire pressure, bring it to the desired value, the reliability of fastening of the steering mechanism and suspension. Opustevshiy tighten nuts and bolts.
Calculate the difference of the distances between the points on the rim of the wheel in front of and behind its geometric axis to determine the amount of toe. Use for this operation the line or the special chain tensioning device. Assemble the tool from the telescopic pipe, install the gauge and control chain.
Measure the toe-in. Set this line between the front wheels so that the tips of the telescopic tube rested against the sidewall of the tire, the chain should touch the ground. Set the arrow on the scale to the zero position, roll the car forward so the line was behind the geometric axis of the wheels. The magnitude of convergence, define the arrow. In case of deviation from the standards, adjust it. To do so, turn of the coupling rods. After adjustment securely tighten the locknuts.
Check and adjust the camber. This operation is more complex, however, and it is conducted independently. Raise the vehicle so the tires do not touch the pad. Then calculate the point of equal beats into their sidewalls. To do this, put a solid focus for the hand and take the chalk. Bring it to a rotating wheel and mark the exposed diametrically opposed elements, relying on a stand. Then turn the wheel labels should be vertical.
Hang next to the wheel load or attach the rectangle. The difference between the distances between the plane or line of the load and the top part of the rim - the value collapse. It must be in the interval from 1 to 5 mm. otherwise, it should be adjusted. To do this, add shims between the cross beam and the axis of the lever. Check your adjustment after a few kilometers on the road. Performing the gathering collapse yourself you can save a decent amount of money, but better to do it on special stands in the service.
Advice 3: How to adjust the alignment
Safety on the road depends on many factors. This behavior of the car on the road and operating comfort. On both of these parameter can affect any change in the car. For example, the degree of wear of the tire depends on the angle at which mounted the wheel. It is therefore necessary to regularly undergo through the process of the collapse of thetoe and adjust it to malfunction.
You will need
- tape measure or ruler;
First and foremost, of course, the collapse-convergence required during seasonal replacement of tires, repair the car chassis, steering system, suspension and Octavarium period. Second, regularly undergo this procedure when you are 10-15 thousand kilometers; tires are too fast and unevenly; change the ground clearance; the vehicle leads to the side when you hit a hole or when driving straight ahead; the vehicle bad road holding.
To adjust the camber-toe - best car service, especially if driver you are inexperienced. They have a special study, which you will quickly check the condition of your wheels.
While experienced drivers often take over the regulations themselves. This car put on a rack, or pit - wheels to look right. The distance between the rims of the disks is measured with a tape measure or ruler. An important condition for doing so - that the wheels were not deformed and remains flat. Measurements are made and the rear and front wheel disc only in the horizontal plane. First you need to measure one wheel and record the obtained data, then the second. If the stamp there is a difference, then the procedure of wheel alignment of the car is vital.
Getting repair, you need to loosen the locknut of one of the rods of the machine. Then, by shortening or extending it, the wheels are set to the desired position. It is necessary to maintain equal lengths of steering rods - they should be the same. If the indicators do not match, they need to level and only then tighten the nuts.
Remember that accuracy in measurements is key to a proper adjustment of wheel alignment. If you are sure that you will be able to measure down to the millimeter correctly, refer to the experts.
Immediately after repair of the wheel you need to check on the go. For this car to accelerate to 60-70 km/h and see if she picks and does not leave you in the direction of the wheel. If such signs appear, then the adjustment must be redone.