Advice 1: How to understand what the child is enough breast milk

Many mothers are feeding babies at the breast, worried, whether the child eats. It's one thing when the baby gets a feeding from a bottle where you can see how much he ate, and quite another – breastfeeding, when it is quite difficult to determine by eye. To understand, if the child breast milk, you need to focus on objective evidence.
How to understand what the child is enough breast milk
Instruction
1
Count the number of wet diapers during the day. Receiving adequate nutrition, the baby is normal and urinating more than 6-8 times a day. If you use disposable diapers, discard them for 1-2 days in favor of a gauze or tissue to get the real picture.
2
Carefully examine the baby's stool. Considered normal yellow color and granular structure, allowed the presence of undigested lumps. The baby who is getting enough high calorie milk, the chair happens 1-2 times a day, or more often because breast milk has a natural laxative effect.
3
Green baby chair can mean Lactasoy failure: during feeding, he sucks so-called front milk that contains a lot of sugar, but don't get more fat "hind" milkthat has the highest nutritional value. Perhaps such power it really is not enough for normal development.
4
Rate your Boobs before feeding and after it: before the application of the child she is tight and full, and after – soft and visibly empty, so the kid ate. Leaking between breast-feeding suggests that milk is produced well.
5
Pay attention to the behavior of the child during feeding if he had rounded cheeks, he releases the breast and falls asleep or not asleep but seems happy and calm, so he fed. If after the meal, the baby spits up curd mass or serum, the problem of insufficient milk is not at all: these are signs of overfeeding. But with regurgitation of milk you need to contact the pediatrician or the neurologist (there may be other problems).
6
Follow the weight gain of the child. In the first 2 months the kids normal gain of 100-200 g per week for up to 6 months – 400-1000 g per month, from 6 months to a year – 400-500 g per month. These indicators are average, but the overall gain depends on the individual characteristics of the child: body weight at birth, height, body type, etc.
7
Perform the following test: using two fingers, pinch the area of skin of a child over muscles and bones. The baby receiving adequate nutrition, it is dense and elastic to the touch, because it has good fat. Freely behind the bones and muscles wrinkled skin suggests that the child is not enough milk. Try to establish breastfeeding and consult your pediatrician, who will prescribe supplementary feeding.

Advice 2: How much baby milk a day

The amount of milk consumed by a baby depends on the age of the crumbs from his state of health, as well as from nature baby. But there are some rules that need to be guided a young mother.
How much baby milk a day



In the first days after birth, the baby eats quite a bit, about 15 grams per feeding per day would be about 100-150 grams. These days doctors recommend as often as possible to put the baby to breast to milk to produce more and more, because the baby gains strength. By the end of the first week, his appetite to increase in 3-4 times, ie in a day the child will need for about 300-400 grams of milk. By the end of the first month healthy baby eats 600 grams. If you're feeding your baby formula, it is necessary to follow the recommendations given on the packaging. It should be noted that the mixture is more heavy food for the body of the newborn, so the amount eaten by the child milk, it may be less.

In two months the child is in need of about 800 grams a day, and one feeding a baby may eat up to 100-120 grams. Then each month the norm of consumed milk increased by 50-100 grams per day, and to six months is usually about one litre. Don't forget that 5-6 months old you need to introduce solid foods, ie milk is gradually replaced by normal diet. To ten months it is advisable to give the baby breast milk only or a mixture three times a day: morning, bedtime and night feeding. For each feeding the baby should eat about 210 grams, this averages out to 630 grams without regard to feeding. However, the quantity of milk consumed at this age depends on the individual characteristics of the child. Some children flatly refuse to eat porridge, mashed potatoes and soups, they no longer have to taste formula or mom's milk.

After a year the main diet of the baby should be solid food. If you have stopped breastfeeding can give your child cow's milk or special formula for babies after a year. Approximate amount of milk consumed at this age should be 330 grams. However, in addition to of milk should be introduced into the diet of crumbs kefir and yogurt.


Advice 3: Why is a child's green chair

The appearance of the baby in the house leads to various problems related to the development and health of the child. Upon detection of the green chair, the parents panic. To understand the problem, it is necessary to establish the cause.
green chair

Causes of green stool in newborns


The first year the child is the formation of the digestive system and other systems of the body, so violations of a chair or the color change is not a pathology. Normally, intestinal bacteria cannot cope with the incoming volume of food.
The first 5-7 days of the child's body comes out meconium, which later transformed into a stool.

What causes staining of feces in a greenish color in the child after the fifth day after birth? Carefully observe the child's behavior to correctly determine the cause.

If green stool baby behaves calmly, eating, sleeping, the color of feces depends on the food consumed lactating woman. For example, in the diet there are a large number of green products. To prevent this from happening, you should carefully choose the food, as the intestines of a baby is underdeveloped, so the body reacts to the slightest changes.

The second reason green stools – liquid and low-fat mother's milk. In this case, the stool becomes more liquid consistency without the strong smell. For excessively fat milk stool is mustard-brownish tint, can appear constipation.

If the child is on artificial feeding, a change in the color and texture of the feces is due to the change of power. Perhaps the mixture are chosen correctly. You need to try a different kind and to monitor the health status of the newborn.
Very often in the transition from breastfeeding to artificial changes in color of stool.


Dark green stool is an indication of insufficient absorption of iron. When oxidative reactions occur staining of feces.

Green stool – symptom of disease


Often green stool is a symptom of any disease:
- when you have a cold or viral illness with high fever the feces changes color;
- when dysbacteriosis feces can be painted in almost any color, there is a pungent smell of rot, the foam is formed or blood fragments;
- if lactase deficiency.

Typically, staining stool in green with no other signs for concern – it is quite common for a growing body. If green stool is accompanied by abdominal cramps, abdominal pain, anxiety baby skin rash, sleep disorders, should be immediately tested to establish an accurate diagnosis.

Advice 4: When burnout milk after breastfeeding

Breast milk is most important product for child. With mother's milk the baby will receive all the beneficial for your health. Nevertheless, the time comes to tear the child from the breast.
When burnout milk after breastfeeding

Weaning



One of the issues that arise for moms: at what age to wean baby from the breast? The answer is ambiguous. There are many judgments on this topic. Anecdotal evidence suggests that prolonged breastfeeding is beneficial to the development and health of the baby. Also people think the younger the child, the easier the process of weaning.

A nursing mother needs to focus on your feeling, your emotional state and the willingness of the child to switch to another type of feeding after breast milk.

Psychologists recommend to carry out a smooth finish breastfeeding. That the child was not too hard, weaning should be done gradually, introducing solid foods and replacing each feeding. But often there are situations when the baby eats adult food, and in parallel asks for "a favorite treat". That's when moms take the decision sharply to engage with such snacks.

Options of how to do it better, there is quite a lot. Someone recommends to smear the breast with mustard or something tasteless for a child, someone is trying to explain to your child that no more milk.
Important to remember that children are unique and each will find its own solution to this issue.



Cessation of lactation



Mom is very concerned about how time will happen burnout milk. Virtually painless is gradual weaning. Mammary gland adapts to new requirements and reduces the production of milk. A different picture occurs when sudden weaning.

Sometimes it happens so that you decide to stop breastfeeding, and milk still remains, because the mammary gland does not explain that milk is no longer necessary. In this case, it is recommended to pull the chest with an elastic bandage or wearing a tight bra that will serve in the role of a corset. To go to until milk does not burn out. Below the Breasts become soft, you can decant a little milk. Abrupt weaning is a painful process for mom. Try in this period not to abuse the products that promote lactation.
Typically, the milk ceases to be produced in 3-5 days. It will take some time to "resorption".


The process of lactation can be considered complete if you do not care, do not have tides milk, soft Breasts. But a small number molosiwa may remain in the breast for a long time.

The main thing at the end of lactation, to prevent stagnation and the formation of mastitis. Carefully observe your feelings. If necessary consult your doctor to he appointed you need pills, drugs and special drugs.

Advice 5: How to establish breastfeeding

For the successful establishment of breastfeeding is enough to observe a few simple rules: clean the bottles and nipples, not to give the baby infant formula and correctly applied to the chest. All the rest is nature. Giving the baby to breastfeed, you start the process of milk production and sends your body a signal that, how many it are necessary.
Breastfeeding
Instruction
1
Calm down. This is perhaps the most important thing you need to do a nursing mother. On milk production is affected by the hormone prolactin, which is very sensitive to stress and emotions. Any negative emotion can lead to a decrease in the amount of milk and even its complete loss.
2
Start breastfeeding as early as possible. It is best to put the baby to breast immediately after birth. At this moment the mother's body is very sensitive, so doctors recommend that immediately after birth to provide continuous contact for mother and baby "skin to skin" for at least 2 hours, which will give the appropriate signals for milk production. Usually during this time the newborn starts to seek the breast. If not, you can carefully guide him. If your hospital early attachment is not practiced, although it is stipulated by the order of Ministry of health, do not worry, you still have chance to establish breastfeeding.
3
Remember that the first 2-5 days after birth the mother produces colostrum. At first glance it may seem that it is small, and inexperienced, for fear that the child is malnourished, begin to give the baby infant formula. To do this, you should not. Colostrum is very nutritious, so it is enough for a newborn. It is at this stage lays an essential Foundation for the subsequent lactation. The frequency and duration of breast feedings depends on the amount of milk produced after that.
4
Correctly attach the baby to the breast. If you feel discomfort, pain when feeding, you are definitely doing something wrong. The child should be fully grasp the nipple and areola. At this stage, stock up on special creams for the treatment of cracks on the nipples. They will reduce pain and allow faster healing of wounds. Don't worry, most mothers go through this. Ask your hospital consultant to help with attachment or call on the house of a specialist on breastfeeding.
5
Remove the bottle. If the sucking is hurting you because of cracks on the nipples, but you want to keep breast feeding, then saivites and let the baby milk from a spoon or measuring Cup for babies until things heal. Through the nipples on the bottles of milk, or a mixture of flowing much easier, i.e. the child does not need to make any effort to eat. As a result, he can then simply refuse to take the breast.
6
Not decemlineata mixture. The main incentive of production of milk – sucking. The more and more the baby sucks, the more milk will appear. Tokarnia baby milk, you are breaking this rule, because the baby will have less demand on the breast. To solve the problem, just give yourself the option to feed as often as possible. Put the baby on demand, set up a joint dream.
7
The peak of the hormone prolactin have on the night, so establishing breastfeeding very important night feedings. If the newborn at this time is asleep, Wake up and saivaites. To facilitate the process of pumping, before or during this drink a glass of warm drink (water, tea, milk). It also really helps warm shower and rubbing his chest with a washcloth.
8
Follow the rule: "One feeding with one breast." It is best to break up the day into intervals of 3 hours, defining the sequence of the change of the breast. For example, if you feed at 9 am, left breast, then in all subsequent feeding up to 12 hours of the day, let us it is and only apply after 12 the child is already to the right.
9
Do not try to increase the quantity of milk without serious reason. If you will produce more milk than able to drink a child, it can lead to lactose. To determine whether a newborn eats, count "popisy". In the first months of the baby should be 12 and more urination.

Advice 6: Why babies scream

The crying of infants, shrill, loud, it is almost impossible to move quietly is not a coincidence. After all, a cry is the only way a kid could signal to others that something is not satisfied.
Why babies scream
Newborn babies do not cry without a reason. They can't, contrary to popular belief, simply "capricious." If the baby is crying, not satisfied some of his basic needs, without which it is impossible to further normal existence and development. The child will scream until then, until the problem with which he was confronted, not resolved, so the screaming stopped, it is necessary to find the cause and try to resolve it.

The reasons for the cry babies are not so little. Here are the most common ones.

Wants to eat



A newborn infant grows rapidly, so needs food every 2 – 2.5 hours. But the problem is that their own to satisfy the hunger of a child can not, therefore, he a loud cry alerts the adults that are hungry, while smacking his lips and making sucking movements with the mouth. With food to eat, a hungry baby quiets almost immediately.

Stomach cramps



The digestion process in the first 2-3 months of life the newborn is only getting better, and the gastro-intestinal tract is not yet completely formed. Therefore, in this age of the baby is often plagued by cramps. The baby cries loudly, often some time after feeding or even during it.

To relieve the suffering of infants, it is necessary to ensure that after feeding the baby spits up, releasing the excess food and air. You can get a massage around the navel, put on his tummy warm diaper, bring the baby's legs to the stomach. Definitely need to put a baby on his tummy from the first weeks of life.

The discomfort of diaper or clothing



Some children react violently to a wet diaper, and it is natural: the newborn's skin too thin and delicate, and exposed to urine, feces, just a broken temperature and high humidity causes irritation (so-called "patricku"). It is clear that the child is not a pleasure, and he responds by screaming. For the same reason, the kid can be concerned about uncomfortable clothing even the slightest crease can cause him suffering.

Fatigue



The nervous system is not only the newborn, but the older child is still very imperfect: the processes of excitation dominated over inhibition, therefore, if a baby is overtired, it is difficult to soothe themselves to sleep. In this case, he starts to act up, cry, may behave even more noisy and active than usual, atalayas even more. The child needs help to calm down.

You can try to turn off the light, remove extraneous noise, shake a baby. Surprisingly, many children fall asleep under the so-called "white noise", which arises during operation of dryer, vacuum cleaner and other appliances humming evenly. Some kids quickly calm down in a moving vehicle.

Heat or cold



Thermoregulation of the newborn is still imperfect, so he felt very uncomfortable when too high or too low ambient temperatures. Especially dangerous for infants heat: the baby may have a fever, his skin reddens, and he begins to cry loudly. At the same time, the cool air a newborn takes quite firmly. One should not unnecessarily coddle the baby to avoid overheating, but the drafts can be dangerous.

The need to communicate



The newborn child needs to communicate to a greater degree than an adult. Direct contact skin-to-skin, gentle tone of her mother's voice, the warmth of her body giving him a feeling of peace and security, and is a necessary condition for the normal mental development of the child in the early stages of life.

It is noticed that the babies, trapped by fate in an orphanage immediately after birth, very quickly, cease to cry: they feel that they need to communicate can not be satisfied, and cease to signal that need protection and care.

Studies have shown that such trauma with age leads to incorrect formation of the emotional sphere of the child, and the consequences of it are not amenable to correction and leave a mark in the human psyche for life. So do not be afraid once again to take the baby in his arms and give him a sense of peace and security which he needs.

Advice 7: Like an infant to gain weight

Babies born prematurely or with any pathologies, slower growing and gaining weight. To help your child gain weight, the mother should find out the reasons for its shortfall.
Like an infant to gain weight
Not only premature babies lose weight. Sometimes slow weight gain in infants is associated not with health, but with wrong feeding.

What to pay attention in the first place



Newborns feed on demand, not on schedule. Only six months it is possible to talk about any mode. Otherwise, lactation may decrease and the child will begin to gleaning weight.

If the kid was born weak, the ability to suck at it reduced. The mother must ensure that he is not just sleeping with the nipple in his mouth, as it sucked the chest. Otherwise he will be constantly malnourished.

In addition, premature babies feed for longer than is healthy. Premature crumbs need more time to get to the high-calorie hind milk.

Also worth checking out, whether correctly the child takes Breasts. Some moms can't understand why the child is crying and clinging to his chest. And only by learning it properly applied, can solve the problem of feeding.

Indicator of fullness of the baby are frequent urination. If the baby pees 10-15 times a day, then everything is fine. In addition, you need to pay attention to the color of your urine – if it is transparent and odourless, it means that the baby is healthy. But if a urination decreased, and the urine itself was a dark color and pungent odor, you should consult a doctor.

How to help your child gain weight



If a shortage of body weight is associated with any disease, you need to follow all the doctor's recommendations. But if the child is healthy, but still in arrears of weight, mom needs to seriously address his regime.

First, up to 6 months not to give the baby nothing but breast. Supplemental foods from a bottle can cause baby just forget how to breastfeed. For this reason, you should not give him a pacifier. If you want to depoit baby breast milk, you need to do this using a teaspoon.

Second, to help the child to gain weight after six months, you need to wait with the maintenance of his diet of solid food. It is lower in calories than breast milk less digestible, and the child's body.

In addition, to establish weight gain in infants, the mother should as often as possible in contact with it. It means to sleep with your child, carry him on hands day regularly to do baby massage, sing him lullabies, talking to him. According to experts, all these activities contribute to the improvement of lactation and help to establish feeding.

But the most attention should be paid to the feeding. It means to take away the child's chest, yet he won't let her. Not to change the breast too often – this prevents the baby to get to the fatty hind milk. You also need to offer baby the second breast, and if he refuses, then really full.

Advice 8: How to learn, whether enough child breast milk

This question probably asks himself any mother who decided to feed her newborn baby breast milk. After all, to understand the baby at first so hard! Whether the tummy hurts it? Weather? Or hungry? How to understand what was troubling him? There are some basic rules that you will be able to help and to learn, whether enough child breast milk.
How to learn, whether enough child breast milk
Instruction
1
The simplest way is observe your child. It is believed that breast milk should be enough for him for about three hours, the rest of the time the child first months of life is mostly sleeping. This is perfect, but we all know about colic, baby tummy and other trouble.
2
Suspected shortage of milk can be too frequent sucking of the breast, a constant bad dream of the child and his hungry cries. A good test in this case can serve as a "wet diaper", they will help for sure to learn, whether enough child breast milk.
3
To do this you during the day, it is not necessary for the child to wear diapers, and just start counting his wet diapers. Normally, this figure should be greater than 12, usually infants are written at 15-17 times a day. While the dirty diapers too, should be decent - about 4-7 pieces in under two months.
4
If you counted more than 6 but less than 12 diapers, be sure to consult a specialist on breastfeeding. He will see the correctness of applying the crumbs to the breast and will give recommendations for a higher production of milk. If the cradle is less than 6 is very dangerous for the life of the child, immediately consult your doctor.
5
Another way to understand if you have enough milk is weighed. You'll need accurate scales. Several times a day to weigh the baby before and after feeding. So you will be able to determine the average amount of milkthat he eats per feeding. Normal rate is one-fifth the body weight of the child.
6
In General, about health is best reflected monthly weight gain. Minimum of 125 grams per week, respectively, 500 grams per month. The average numbers range around 800 grams. It does not have to be on friends mothers. Every child is gaining weight individually, each with its own Constitution and growth rate. Keep this in mind and do not worry once again. As in the first months of life your baby need a calm and confident mother.
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