You will need
- - dry twigs, moss, cones;
- - colored paper for appliqués, plain and velvet;
- - thick white paper or cardboard;
- - tracing;
- - brushes for glue;
- - PVA glue;
- - sheet of cardboard;
- - foam;
- - the range;
- a pair of compasses;
- - pencil;
- - scissors;
- - millet;
- - paint-spray green;
- - clay.
As a prototype you can take the really existing in your city Park. In this case, you'll need to find or order his plan. Using your imagination and ideas about the ideal area of recreation for the residents, you can make the project of the Park, embodying it on the layout.
Go to the forest or to the Park, collect dry branches, which in their form resemble the trunks and branches of miniature trees. Find and assemble the pieces of moss, a small, half-open pine or spruce cones. Spread on the sill of the paper and lay everything out to dry.
On a piece of cardboard raschertite Park lanes, lawns, flowerbeds. If you are designing a Park, mark the contour of a small river. Design Central Avenue and a small Playground, which will then put a miniature monument or to place the fountain.
A sheet of tracing paper put on the cardboard and copy the project, drag the contours of vegetation, and the river. Cut out these objects from the tracings on the circuit. According to this "pattern" of opaque blue paper or foil cut the surface of the river, and from green velvet paper – lawns. The texture of this paper is to simulate grass and a brilliant blue or blue foil – water surface.
Glue cut paper the river and the lawns on a cardboard base on their pencil outlines. To the surface of wet glue paper has not warped after drying, press pasted on cardboard paper some goods, for example, stacks of heavy books. Leave to dry for a few hours.
Spread adhesive designed sidewalks, alleys and a Playground. Sprinkle the surface of the tracks, millet and flatten it to the grains lying close to each other in a single layer. If you want to simulate paving tiles, millet, when the way is dry, you can paint in gray or brown color with a brush and watercolor.
Scroll a couple of times a small piece of foam through a meat grinder, the pieces cover the green paint from the sprayer and allow them to dry well. Of twigs with a sharp pair of scissors form the trunks and branches of trees. Pieces of moss cover the glue with a brush and sprinkle green foam chips. You get branches and foliage. Glue them to the blanks of the trees. The generated trees put on a cardboard base, fasten the trunks with clay.
Cones green paint from a paint sprayer, dry them and glue the base down to the lawns, on the layout they will represent the arborvitae bushes. From colored in the same way the remnants of the moss form the bushes of vegetation and also glue them in different places of the layout.
Of heavy paper and cardboard better, do the bench – cut of the lateral surface, cut slits for the seat and backrest, insert the rectangular pieces of cardboard - they are the backs and seats. Make a paper a couple of bridges across the river. From cocktail straws and plastic beads can make the lights and put in the Park the figures of people walking around.
Advice 2 : How to make the layout of the newspaper
Their periodical today have many educational institutions and public organizations. The use of computer programs makes publishing simple and accessible even to a layman. One of the main stages of the publishing activities is the creation of the layout of the newspaper. From the thoroughness of this work will depend on the appearance and attractiveness of the publication.
Use to create the layout of the newspaper computer Microsoft Publisher. Install the software on computer and run it. The user need the ability to understand the application menu, knowledge of working with fonts and colors.
Define the format of the future of the newspaper. To make the publication of solidity use the A3. However, if you do not have a printer of this size, use the A4 format.
Consider in advance the name of the newspaper, its logo and slogan. Such elements will give the publication greater weight and solidity. Charge the development of graphic experienced designer.
Open Microsoft Publisher and click "Blank publication." Right in the window layouts, select "Clean sheet". Adjust the page orientation and format. Install field. The top and bottom fields leave as is, an external set size of 2 cm, internal – 1.5 cm.
Assign by guides grids column or columns. For a sheet of A4, you will need five columns. For the larger format of the newspaper , select the number of columns empirically.
Create text blocks into columns using the text tool located on the left on the toolbar.
Open the dialog insert pages by selecting the menu items "Insert" and "Page". Set the desired number of new pages, for example, three or four.
Slide the blocks to achieve their correct position relative to the guides. To do this, select the unit by pressing ”Shift” and arrow keys to control the cursor. Move the blocks when the cursor is a four-sided arrow.
Enter the command "View" - "Two page view" for the layout. The internal pages of a future newspaper will be seen as a complete reversal. The basis of the layout of the newspaper ready.
Advice 3 : How to make solid water balls
Is it possible from the liquid to make a solid? The answer is Yes, if you mix-available substances in the right proportions. Preparing a chemical compound before the coming of friends, you can surprise them with an unusual transformation of liquid into solid balls.
You will need
- - drinking soda;
- - vinegar;
- - bicarbonate of calcium;
- - iodized salt.
Make sodium acetate, gradually mixing in small proportions of baking soda and vinegar. Pour into a glass a pinch of baking soda, pour a bit of vinegar, turn the Cup until just combined. Repeat the operation several times, stir the baking soda slaked with a spoon and let set for 10 minutes in the refrigerator. Ready-made sodium acetate should have a third glass.
Prepare the sodium bicarbonate and iodized salt, these components needed to make solid water balls. With salt you have problems does not arise, it is sold in any supermarket.
Get a small amount of calcium bicarbonate in the home by mixing baking soda and calcium chloride, which buy at the pharmacy. The chemical reaction formula: 2NaHCO3+CaCl2 = 2Ca(HCO3)2 + 2 NaCl.
Bicarbonate of calcium you get from calcium carbonate is ordinary chalk. Dissolve chalk in water. Using the resulting slurry purged carbon dioxide. Gradually the chalk will turn into calcium hydrogen carbonate. Filter the solution and viparita water.
Chilled sodium acetate mix with a quarter Cup of bicarbonate of calcium. Happen violent reaction. Measure out 110 g of iodine soda, add to Cup and stir.
Put the mixture on fire. Cook for 7 minutes, stirring constantly. Make sure that the liquid is not boiling, so adjust the fire in the cooking process.
Pour the liquid into a container. Let cool for 15 minutes at room temperature. Then prove your friends that you have made solid water balls.
Dip your fingers into the container and pulled out a hard ball or scoop a handful of liquid on the palm were a few water balloons. Air obtained the chemical compound turns into a solid. Should lower transparent bulbs in a container as they again become liquid.