Advice 1: How to check intercom

Malfunction of the intercom system may lie in the apartment or the street block and in the wiring connecting them together. Some of the simplest faults intercom equipment can be eliminated by the residents.
How to check intercom
Instruction
1
First, ask neighbors if they have intercoms. This will allow us to locate the fault. If all the other intercoms operate properly, so the problem you have. Carefully inspect the cable going from apartment block to the hole in the wall through which he goes to the entrance. Perhaps his damage (breakage or short circuit) you will see with the naked eye. Repair it again and you will be able to use the intercom system. When all else fails, remove the residential unit cap and see how the inserted wires into the terminal block. If necessary, correct them and tighten the screws. In any case, do not move the jumper! Then assemble the block. Work in rubber gloves, in case of insulation breakdown in the Central power supply.
2
If the screen of the intercom, equipped with an optical keyboard, the message "E-2" and the keyboard does not work at all (app key reaction is normal), this means that the holes through which the light travels from the sensors to the sinks, clogged with dirt. Look closely at the frame of the keyboard, and you will find it of infrared emitters and photosensors. Gently swipe him a few times with a cloth to remove dirt. If soon message "E-2" will disappear and the keys will work, you just eliminated the problem.
3
There is a malfunction of the intercom, the perpetrator of which are the residents themselves. Wanting to eliminate the loud bangs when the door is closed, they are glued to the electromagnet duct tape or Scotch tape. As a result, the claps disappear, but sufficient force for opening locked doors, is greatly reduced, and to open it anyone can. Remove all such stickers from the electromagnet and the door stopped clapping, fix and adjust closer — in fact, he's the problem.
4
The rest of the fault side of the block to search for and eliminate prohibited, because it is not your property, and the property of the organization that supports the intercom. However, it is not possible, since the unit is attached to the door or rivets, or screws, which drilled the slot. The same applies to the cables located outside of the apartment. If the housing unit intercom combined with the housing of the alarm unit, to search for and troubleshoot and not in it. Find in the entrance of the advertisement with the telephone number of the organization that supports intercom and call of the master.

Advice 2: How to find the intercom

Many houses in Moscow are equipped with intercom. And rightly so - in the hallways are not heated in the homeless, not drinking beer young people and not hiding a thief. But sometimes there are situations where it is vital to get in another entrance. This is the easiest way to learn the entry code.
How to find the intercom
Instruction
1
The easiest way to learn a foreign intercom is to ask the inhabitants of an entrance under some pretext. For example, you just drove into the apartment, and the intercom code for the owner to find out forgot. Will tell you the code or not will depend on how good you are at bluffing. But if you look decent (helps formal wear), you do not stink per kilometer of booze and your speech is filled with words like, please, be so kind and do me a favor, then I probably will. After all, the intercom code is not a secret code to the safe with money in a Swiss Bank.
2
Remember that there is a special kind of grandparents that live in the capital entrances that I think that if you call code from the intercom, then sell the homeland to the Nazis. There are those who strive to hit you with his stick just because you came to their door. Such a confrontation is better not to join. Especially if they joined the brigade and were watching on a bench at the entrance (of course – in the summer, but there are those who are "on duty" and in the winter). Find another informant.
3
For those who have good vision or have binoculars in conjunction with the patient, it may be advisable to wait for the next inhabitant of the entrance and peep combination of cherished numbers. But there are pitfalls. Visitor entrance can be a key or dial the number of the desired apartment and it will be opened. Be patient and wait for the next. Binoculars are best to use while in the car. Otherwise, passers-by can call an ambulance. Then caring nurse will put you in a long-sleeved shirt, tie and lucky you to where you certainly will tell a code from the intercom. Even not from one but from all entrances of Moscow.
4
Method for those who have no binoculars or lame patience. Look for the alcoholic who must live on one of the benches in the yard. Just not the same as grandma, because alcoholics usually grandmas war. Give him a party job to know the entry code. The prize, you know, a half-liter stirred his soul (don't you) fluid. Depending on the state in which is your chosen tool, you over time to get cherished numbers, and in spite of grannies get into the entrance.

Advice 3: How to fix intercom

The same attributes of the modern time to protect the homes are metal doors at the entrance to the staircase equipped with intercom. There are many reasons due to which the intercom may not work properly - from the inattention of your neighbors to serious damage of the control unit. Most of these failures can be corrected or, at least, to localize itself, without waiting for the arrival of specialists.
How to fix intercom
You will need
  • tester (multimeter);
  • - screwdriver;
  • - pliers;
  • - serviceable intercom handset.
Instruction
1
Talk to the neighbors and try to imagine the scale of the damage: the intercom is not working, on the floor or around the entrance. If problems with the intercom only occur in your apartment, unplug the cord from the handset of the intercom, then connect it back, reversing the polarity ("polarity").
2
Use a multimeter to check for voltage at the incoming power cord.
3
Check the address jumper to account for the shift, a little stir them and wipe with alcohol. If this does not help, one thing remains – to go to the store for a new tube.
4
Connect the proper tube short wire to the line directly in the dashboard. If the tube to work, look for broken wire or short circuit in the area from flap to your apartment.
5
Check for correct polarity connection on the switch. To do this, a multimeter, measure the resistance between bus "tens" and bus "units" in the presence of improper connections. The reason can be self-improper connection of the tube between the tire "units" or "tens" circuit one end of the tire "tens" or "units" on a metal body panel or the "break" one of the keys of the switch. In the first two cases it is necessary to restore normalcy to the transaction. In the latter case, it is necessary to replace the switch defective.
6
Contact the firm that installed the intercom system to provide you with the code administrator access. In case of refusal, please call the representative office of the manufacturer, putting them nine-digit number of your panel. View, not blocked your apartment programmatically set correctly numbering of flats in the stairwell, etc.
7
Call of the master, if all the transactions listed above, did not bring the expected result.
Note
All transactions commit very carefully, because intercoms are the collective property of the inhabitants of an entrance. Besides, the firms which are engaged in maintenance of intercoms, you can calculate the results of your "Amateur" out of warranty case.
Useful advice
The presence of voltage in the wire when properly connected and is not defective tube can be identified by a distinctive click that sounds when you press the button opening the door. If you have poor or missing contact click no, or it's very weak.

Advice 4: How to open the intercom without pills

In the capital most of the houses are equipped with intercom. On the one hand, this prevents strangers walking on other people's porches. But what to do, for example, in a situation when you need to get to my house, and the key from the intercom have you forgotten?
How to open the intercom without pills
Instruction
1
Remember that the easiest way to open the intercom without the key is to call someone close and ask them to open the door. You can also call the neighbor and explain the situation. Problems with access to the entrance should arise.
2
If no one is home or you are about to enter into someone else's door, for example, to visit friends, and the floor, feel free to call through the intercom in any, in the entrance (usually above the door sign range of apartments, which can be accessed via the entrance) and ask them to open the door. All the neighbors usually know each other. Explain to whom you are going to pass and you will open. You can also go to the trick and say, for example, that rented an apartment in the building, and forgot the keys to the intercom. Ask them to open the door. If you're convincing, then you will also open.
3
Remember that the door is equipped with intercom, you can open, using physical force. Lock that is opened via intercom, magnetic. Despite the fact that the magnets in the lock quite strongly attracted to each other, if you put a lot of effort, they can be separated. So if you are very much pulled at the door handle, it opens. In order to exert the greatest force, one foot rest against the wall of the house, grasp with both hands the handle of the door and tug sharply. If at first you don't succeed, try again. Be careful and mind your head in that moment, when the door opens. Despite the fact that the castle in this opening is not damaged, the method is "barbaric", so to resort to it only in extreme cases.
4
Remember that with many entrances sit Granny or young people who can learn the entry code to get to the entrance. Peacefully and politely explain why you need to open the door. Do not be rude or be rude and you will get positive feedback.

Advice 5: How to register the key into the intercom

Each key has an individual code that was embedded at the stage of its production. In case of loss we have to face the problem of write (programming) keys. Such services the company provides installation and production intercoms.
How to register the key into the intercom
You will need
  • - telephone sets;
  • - intercom;
  • keys;
  • the phone number for the company.
Instruction
1
Contact the company that you can trust. The first step is to place the electronic key for the intercom in memory, this should be done after having carried out the programming of the offer of subscriber devices. Thus, the lock will respond only on "your" key, which was in advance stored in the memory device. Through the process of programming keys it is possible to increase the degree of security the front door, thereby preventing unauthorized access to the entrance.
2
As a rule, electronic keys, and the intercom must be programmed during installation of the device in the entrance. Moreover, as needed, store in the memory the intercom new record keys. After programming, store in memory the settings of the castle. At this stage you need to set the switch-on time of the Electromechanical installation, or disconnection of the electromagnet.
3
If you have to deal with different types of locks, this value can vary significantly – from a few seconds to half a minute. Test key from the intercom: a device must respond to a specific key and not to react in case of contact with a different type of key.
Note
Remember, this is only a General description of the most common functions, which you can configure in the recording process key. The exact list of custom properties of a system will differ depending on the model and brand of intercom.
Useful advice
If one number was assigned to two tubes, in this case, the ringing tone will sound simultaneously in two apartments. However, in this situation, good audibility is not guaranteed. The reason is the small gain of the system or interference that was caused by parallel connection. It should also be noted that when the two tubes taken at the same time I cannot remote open the door lock.

Advice 6: How can I encode an intercom

The intercom in our time. This intercom provides security to both residential and business premises. A person who is inside the building, maybe through the intercom without any personal contact with the character wishing to enter premises, to permit or to block him inside. But there are cases when there is a need to reprogram the intercom system, for example, the loss of the key.
How can I encode an intercom
Instruction
1
Dial the call block the number of the apartment or office. For the implementation of the reprogramming you will need two people – one will be directly in the apartment/office next to the CPC, the other is on the outside of the building near the call block, by entering the new personal code.
2
Once in the apartment/office the call came, clear intercom handset UKP. On UKP for five or six times press and release either button to open the lock of the door. Each time you press the button on the call unit shall be switched off, the indicator "wait for reply", and activate the indicator "enter". After the sixth time is pressed and released on UKP the open door button, the call block is activated, the indicator dial of the apartment, then the single signal sounds, which confirms the willingness to record a new personal code. In all of this duplex mode of communication is stored, to allow operators to control the process.
3
Enter an individual code a new on the block call. After that, inform the man in the apartment/office on the other side of the intercom about the end of the introduction of the code.
4
Click on UKP the open door button in order for the value of the new individual code recorded in the memory unit of the call. It will sound a single alarm, which will confirm the entry of a new individual code.
5
Put the intercom handset UKP in the holder. To turn off individual code of the apartment, you will need to dial the code "0000". In this case, off set by individual code only this apartment, but the apartment call when you dial her number on the intercom continues. Thus it is possible to reprogram the intercom personally for yourself and protect yourself and family from unwanted intrusion into the building.
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