Advice 1: How to make a hologram

Today, interest in holography is very high. Holographic image creates the illusion of depth and allows you to see the object from several sides. The image is very realistic, so the technology of holography and finds wide application in the design and museums.
How to make a hologram
You will need
  • - setting for photographing the object;
  • helium-neon laser;
  • photographic apparatus;
  • developer for photographic film;
  • - bleach;
  • - green lantern;
  • household dryer;
  • - overhead projector or flashlight.
Instruction
1
Review the principles of obtaining holographic images. Hologram – a kind of the interference pattern generated by two light beams aimed at the object from different sides. The beams must come from the same source, but have a fixed phase difference.
2
For making holograms at home, use special laboratory photostroika or fabricate her own hands. On the main frame and fasten rectangular frame made of tubes with a square cross-section. Install the frame on a solid sheet of plywood, ensuring the stability of the entire structure. On the additional handset, place the photographed object.
3
The main detail of the installation – optical bench having a length of about half a meter. It install two holders for pins that will screws into the frame lenses. Use a biconcave lens with a focal length of 30 mm. Optical bench color black Matt paint.
4
The assembled system is put on a stable base or Desk. To reduce the harmful vibration under the legs of the table, place the cans of coffee, pre-filling them partially loose material.
5
Take a white sheet of paper and cut it the size of the film. Place the paper on the glass, inserted in the holding frame. Adjust lenses so that their centers were aligned with the center of the paper.
6
Use a hologram of the helium-neon laser with output power of 5 mW. Turn on the laser and adjust its height. The laser beam should uniformly illuminate the paper. Adjusting the elements of the system, secure the optical bench to the base, noting the position holders.
7
Produce photography of the object from which you make the hologram. The exposure time is determined by the sensitivity of the film and can range from fractions of a second to several seconds. During the production of the picture the whole structure needs to be completely still because any vibration will distort the interference pattern.
8
Treat the film in a fine grain developer, and then in the bleach mixture. Whitening allows you to make the hologram more light. Whitening prepare a mixture of 30 g of potassium bromide, 30 g of iron sulfate and 900 ml of water. After mixing powders of dilute bleach to 1000 ml.
9
Film development spend during a green light. Except for green lantern, you will also need a regular hair dryer to dry hair-adjustable airflow rate. Use a Hairdryer on the stage of the final drying of photographic materials. After development, bleaching and drying you will get a hologram of an object, which can be viewed in ordinary white light, for example, using the overhead projector or flashlight.

Advice 2: Where to glue the hologram in the workbook

In 2008, as an experiment, Goznak began to produce a special sticker hologram size 3x1,5 cm for work books. According to the creators, these holographic stickers are supposed to enhance the degree of protection of the form of this document. If the hologram will attempt to unstick it delaminate, and it will remain in place.
Where to glue the hologram in the workbook
Instruction
1
The presence of a holographic sticker in the workbook is not mandatory, it is only an additional tool to protect information that is contained in the workbook. Set this sticker at the discretion of the employer, which issues the labour book to the employee. This forms of labor books and inserts without holograms are valid.
2
Work-book of the established sample, according to article 66 of the Labour code of the Russian Federation is the main document confirming labour activity and the seniority of the employee. Form of work books, the order of their production, management, storage, their employers are established by the Federal Executive authority authorized by the government of the Russian Federation.
3
In paragraph 2 of article 46 of the "Rules of conducting and storage of work record cards, manufacturing of forms of employment record and ensure that their employers" indicated that the forms work book and insert into it have an appropriate level of protection. And no mention of the fact that holographic sticker must be present in the workbook, there is no "Rules of conducting and storage of work record cards, manufacturing of forms of employment record and ensure that their employers", or in some other normative legal act.
4
Now for the question of where to glue the hologram in the workbook. Stick it in the cover page itself employment record or insert into it. Exactly where the employer will affix the hologram does not matter. You can stick it at their own discretion, for example, the signature of the owner of the work book, the signature of the person responsible for maintenance of labor books, print company, which started the labor book to the employee.
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