The rapid development of algae that cause algal bloom, occurs when the bright aquarium lighting, high temperature and high content in water of nutrients. The cause is often the use of too much dry food – the aquarium inhabitants don't manage to eat it all and, as a consequence, the remains rot and decompose.
Faced with the flowering of water, do not try to clean by partial substitution. Adding fresh, you bring in the aquarium and algae need minerals, algal blooms increases.
To restore the disturbed biological balance, turn off the aquarium lighting. If he stands near the window, cover the window, protecting the aquarium from direct sunlight. Stop feeding fish – week-long hunger strike will not only hurt them, but on the contrary, will benefit. Aeration may work within the water, oxygen will accelerate the oxidation of decomposition products, animal feed and water purification. Remove from the bottom using the siphon the accumulated garbage. During the week you will be able to recover the normal operation of the aquarium.
One of the ways of dealing with algal blooms is the use of Daphnia. Start the aquarium with a large number of shrimp – so much that the fish didn't immediately eat. Unicellular algae are the food source of Daphnia, during the day the water in the aquarium will be clean. This method requires good aeration of the aquarium – otherwise, the Daphnia may die, that will only exacerbate the bloom.
The indirect cause of the rapid development of algae is a small number of plants in the aquarium. When plants are many, they actively absorb minerals, as a result, the algae for the rapid development they are not enough.
Even in a properly functioning aquarium walls gradually covered with a thin green patina. Clean this plaque scraper with a razor blade. If the plaque is of brown color, it indicates insufficient aquarium lighting. The back wall of the aquarium is not cleaned.
Advice 2: How to get rid of brown algae in the aquarium
Sometimes walls, plants, soil and other accessories in the aquarium covered with a brownish tinge. It is not only extremely aesthetically pleasing, but also dangerous to aquarium inhabitants. If there is a similar situation, we urgently need to take action. Enemy of the aquarium - algae growth. This multicellular organisms, which appear under the wrong lighting and the excess of organic matter.
You will need
- Lighting for aquarium, cultured algae, special chemicals against seaweed and a few catfish-oncocyclus.
To combat the brown algae you first need to know the reasons for their occurrence. Low light, high content of nitrates in the water, high pH, low carbon dioxide content - all of which can lead to the appearance of brown algae.
Oddly enough, help us in the fight against brown algae can become higher plants, that is, cultural algae, specially planted in the aquarium. They will absorb all the nutrients, dissolved in water, and brown algae do not get it.
To fight against aquatic enemy to effectively use fast-growing plants need a fairly densely planted their entire area of the aquarium. You need to create the right lighting for best plant growth, the light day should be about ten hours.
The need to reduce the content of organic substances in the aquarium. It is important to regularly replace part of the water volume and reduce the amount of feed. Pets have to eat all the food in about two minutes, the rest is surplus.
Extremely useful to put in aquarium several catfish. They love to eat brown algae, and they will be happy to help to get rid of them. Five catfish-otocinclus able to maintain order in an aquarium with a volume of one hundred liters.
Emergency measure in the fight against brown algae is to use special chemicals. However, it should be remembered that their effectiveness is temporary. Such chemicals are sold in the pet store. The consultant can help you choose the best option. There are also special water conditioners, they accelerate the cultural growth of aquatic plants and improve their appearance.
Catfish-otocinclus is a true "janitor" for the aquarium.
Easier to deal with brown algae, if you find out the reasons for their occurrence.