Advice 1: How to make water transparent

The contents of the tank - the process is time consuming, especially for the novice breeder. The basis of health for fish and plants that inhabit the aquarium, is a high-quality water. It should be transparent, have no colour and smell that is achieved by special preparation of liquid.
How to make water transparent
Instruction
1
The most important thing that should know the beginner aquarist, the fish cannot run into the aquarium with tap water unprepared. This may lead to the death of living organisms. To make the fish and plants are accustomed, prepare in advance the water, make it transparent. In a new, clean aquarium pour the water from the tap and let it settle for 2-3 days. Once the water will lose the smell of chlorine, it is now settled enough. You can lay soil and plant the plants.
2
After laying the soil, the water may again lose transparency, becoming first blue, then cloudy. It is the particles of the soil, stalks and roots of plants pollute the water. So to put the fish while it is impossible. After about an hour and a half, the soil will settle to the aquarium you can put fish. If you still doubt the quality of water, add a special product for water treatment (for example, "AquaSafe"). This mixture will make the water suitable for fish habitat and will protect it from the development of pathogenic flora.
3
After fish and plants settled in the aquarium, the water is still 3-4 months will have a bluish tint. And only after a certain time when all living organisms take root finally, water will regain its colourlessness and transparency. This means that the water has reached its optimal stage, which is experienced aquarists called "old". In this water and animals and plants feel comfortable. Fish do not get sick and actively proliferate, and the plants have bright, rich color. To determine that the water has reached this stage just. In a dark room will illuminate the front wall of the aquarium table lamp. If water is not visible, the fish would be floating in the air, then you have achieved the ideal state of water.
4
If your aquarium is equipped with modern purification systems and water filtration, to change it more often is not necessary. Update water only if the water is muddy, there are many floating particles of algae and waste products of fish. Then the part is cast and water is added an appropriate volume of supernatant or prepared tap water. The more often you change the water in the aquarium, the less the amount need to be merged.
5
If the cleaning system is not to make the water transparent, it is necessary from time to time to change it. A leak from the tank should be no more than 1/4 of the water, replacing it with the supernatant water. This should be done not more often than once every 2-3 weeks. Fish is very hard going through the change of fluid, so it is better to purchase a filtration system. And don't forget to wash the walls of the tank from the RAID. He may be the main cause of turbidity.

Advice 2: What to do in case of turbid water in the aquarium

Novice aquarists are often faced with the phenomenon of clouding of the water in the aquarium. This can happen for many different reasons and it is important to know how to solve this problem, not to cause harm to its inhabitants.
What to do in case of turbid water in the aquarium
Some beginners are in a hurry to set up your first aquarium and populate it. So after a few hours the water becomes turbid with a whitish tint. This is due to the damage to biological balance, dramatically increases the amount of bacteria. The water must first go through a period of "ripening". For this first you need to plant aquarium plants to get settled in for two days water and leave the aquarium for a few days. During this time, the water becomes transparent, sometimes slightly greenish hue. Restores biological balance and you can now run fish.

In some cases, and long-functioning aquarium begins mass reproduction of bacteria, this occurs when a lot of fish and aquarium care. In this case, you should do the cleaning. To isolate the fish in another container, clean the soil, remove excess plants to replace the water and wait a few days until the water clears - the balance is back to normal.

Sometimes the water can become cloudy, if you give a lot of dry food. Fish bad to eat it, the remnants begin to rot, which contributes to the growth of bacteria. It is therefore recommended to switch to the use of live food such as bloodworms. It is necessary to give the rate of up to 5 pieces medium fish. Also of great help in the destruction of uneaten food residues have snails, but their numbers also need to control.

In the wrong lighting, the water can become green, become turbid on the glass, plants and scenery there is a RAID. This is due to the rapid increase in the number of algae. In such cases, carry out the third part of the water 1 time a week, run a fish that eats algae, reinforce or, conversely, reduce the lighting. Be sure to include water filtration. With clear glass plaque with a cleaning scraper.

The problem of turbidity is easier to prevent than to eliminate. So follow a few rules:

- don't change the water in the aquarium completely, except for emergency measures;
- adjust the amount of feed, normally it should be eaten fish for 10-15 minutes;
- keep track of the number of fish in the aquarium, avoid overcrowding;
- regularly carry out parts of water;
- don't forget to remove overgrown plants, clean the soil and filter the water.

Advice 3: How to change the water in a small aquarium

Miniaturise is an attractive interior decoration. But in contrast to large tanks equipped with all the necessary equipment, there are some problems with care. If you stick to the basic rules, including to replace water, it is possible to avoid flowering aquarium and allow the fish pretty good conditions for habitation.
How to change the water in a small aquarium
You will need
  • - defended soft water;
  • - a clean container;
  • - ladle;
  • - scraper.
Instruction
1
It is believed that a small aquarium is easier to care for than large. However, this is the first misconception of inexperienced aquarists. It requires more frequent water changes, as more accumulate decomposition products of the waste products of fish. Besides the intensive growth of plants can deliver a lot of trouble.
2
The water in the small tank is completely should not change. It is sufficient to replace up to 1/5 of the total volume. This should be done quite often — once in 3-4 days.
3
Water replacement should only be soft, at room temperature, so you must have a constant supply. Draw water from the tap only in a clean container, which should only be used for this purpose. Defend the liquid is necessary for at least three days.
4
To replace the water in a small aquarium is not difficult. Calculate the required number for replacement. For example, in an aquarium with a capacity of 10 liters need to change the 2 liters (1/5 of the total volume).
5
A special ladle with a long handle scoop out the needed amount of water. Clean by scraping the walls of the tank and fill with fresh soft water. Then dial in a clean container of water and leave it to stand until the next procedure.
6
The water in miniaturised evaporates very quickly. Regularly check the level and refill if necessary.
7
Completely change the water in the aquarium should as seldom as possible, because it disturbs the biological balance. However, this should be done once a year to repot plants and clean the walls of the tank and the filter.
8
To replace the water completely, remove the fish and place them in a jar for a while. Drain the fluid with a hose. Remove excess algae. Clean rocks and aquarium walls.
9
Then pour over pooled water. Add bacteria and allow the aquarium to stand for a couple of days, and then start to fish.
Note
For living in a small space choose guppies, gourami and tetras. These fish do feel pretty good in miniaturised. Also in the pond you can settle your cock, nice neon. If the fish grew to a fairly large size, they need to transplant to a bigger tank.
Useful advice
Very impressive look and feel good in a small aquarium is not only fish but also other marine and freshwater life such as shrimp.

Advice 4: Why in the aquarium green water

"Flowering" of water is characteristic of various reservoirs, including home aquariums. Green water is usually in the summer, in July or August, this process may be accompanied by unpleasant smell and loss of fish. To get rid of the "blooming", it is necessary to understand the cause.
Why in the aquarium green water
Instruction
1
Except for fish, snails, plants and other animals in the aquarium and home to plankton, causing algal blooms – filamentous and unicellular green algae. In conditions of medium or low light, low water temperature, phytoplankton multiplies slowly, the water remains transparent. Intense increase in the mass of microorganisms contribute to some factors.
2
The main reason for the enhanced growth of microalgae – a large amount of light. If the aquarium lighting is too intense, water can go green even in winter. During the summer, "blossom" is enough natural daylight, especially if the aquarium is exposed to direct sunlight.
3
The second important factor is "blooming" of water, raising its temperature. Active division of the phytoplankton begins when the water temperature becomes above average.
4
The presence in water of excessive amounts of organic matter is another factor contributing to the proliferation of microorganisms. If you badly need the hygiene of the aquarium and regularly overfeed the fish, in this medium began to share in the phytoplankton, especially of a Euglena green.
5
The last factor affecting the purity of the aquarium – the lack of inflow of clean water. If you skimp on the filter and aeration, suffers from chemical and biological balance of water that leads to the transformation of the aquarium in "the swamp".
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The most radical way of getting rid of "bloom" - a complete replacement of water with the subsequent shading of the aquarium. If you completely change the water problem, it can change to third and cover the aquarium from light. Without lighting the phytoplankton will cease to reproduce, and ciliates, for which he is feed, clean water. In addition, the aquarium can settle Daphnia, shrimp, catfish, snails, which also feed on microscopic algae.
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If the water turned green – reduce the amount of feed to the tank inhabitants. Normal fish have to eat all in 5-15 minutes. For a day or two you can even completely stop feeding the fish enough and the food which is already in the water. Watch out also for the correct operation of the devices for filtering and aerating aquarium – this helps to avoid excessive accumulation of organic matter in the water.
Note
A slight greening of water for fish is not considered dangerous, but if the bloom is strong enough – it could be fatal for some of the inhabitants of the aquarium. Green algae clog gills of fish, and besides, in the dark phytoplankton needs oxygen, resulting in the "official" aquarium inhabitants start to suffocate.
Useful advice
If all your efforts do not lead to purification of water, try to use chemicals – you can buy them in pet stores. In compliance with the instructions and the specified doses of these substances are safe for aquarium inhabitants and plants.
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