Advice 1: How to increase performance RAM

RAM directly affects the performance of this equipment. When selecting items RAM decided to pay attention to the amount of their memory. This is not entirely true, because there is one characteristic that is a measure of the speed of the RAM boards.
How to increase performance RAM
You will need
  • - MemTest.
Instruction
1
To ensure quick exchange of information between the Central processing unit and memory, you must correctly configure these devices. To check the status of RAM install the program MemTest. It will allow you to restart the computer to complete the performance analysis memory.
2
Turn on PC and open BIOS menu. This usually requires you to press the Delete key. Go to the menu to configure the CPU model and RAM. Increase the bus frequency at 40-70 MHz. Save the changes by pressing F10. After the computer restarts, run MemTest and check the performance of RAM.
3
Repeat this cycle until, until the program detects failures in the RAM. Undo the last change to eliminate the possibility of errors. Again open the BIOS menu and find indicators of timings of RAM. Reduce by one point one of the indicators. Usually there are only four. Save the settings and restart the computer.
4
Again run MemTest. Alternately decrease the RAM timings, each time testing the stability of this device. Do not change only one indicator. This can lead to equipment damage. Note that even rare errors occurring in the process of working memory, significantly reduce the performance of computer and operating system.
5
Remember that motherboard RAM is cheap enough elements of the personal computer. Sometimes it makes sense to purchase one or more new circuit boards and connect them to the motherboard. This approach will significantly increase the performance of these devices and the whole computer in General.

Advice 2: How to increase RAM

RAM is constantly updating the computer memory, which in contrast to the permanent memory (hard disk) stores commands and data necessary for the processor to execute ongoing operations. RAM PC or laptop is called operational memory (RAM) is a module or chip that is inserted into a special slot on the motherboard.
The appearance of the RAM module
You will need
  • To increase memory virtual method will need the ability to work with a computer, physical way - the new RAM modules from a computer store.
Instruction
1
So how can you increase RAM on your computer? Conventionally, there are two ways to increase RAM – virtual and physical.
Virtual way to increase memory is that for its expansion would need to clear the memory from unnecessary processes. To view the level of utilization of the RAM, call the task Manager with CTRL+ALT+DEL and You will see how many megabytes of memory it takes for each running process. The output is clear: if You want to reduce the load on the RAM and thereby increase memory virtual way, disable all visual effects and increase the swap file (system Properties", section "Performance"), remove the Wallpaper from the desktop, as well as "widgets" and unnecessary programs that use the autorun.
2
A physical way to increase RAM is to install one or more memory modules, or replace a module with a weak to the more powerful and voluminous. Open the system block, you can see on the motherboard, four slots for RAM. Usually it is DDR, DDR II, DDR III, DDR 333, SDRAM, SRAM, PC3200, and others. Through the system BIOS you can check the version of RAM and the frequency (e.g. 1066 MHz). To get this information, call the BIOS when the computer starts, press DEL. Once You have learned the characteristics of the module, You can easily buy a new module of the same volume in a computer store and insert it into a vacant slot or module larger size, replacing the old RAM.
Owners of laptops will have more difficult – if You are not an expert, it is better to seek help in increase the RAM in service.
Note
At the moment the most powerful modules of RAM with 2 gigabytes of memory.
Useful advice
Before you buy additional RAM, make sure the line frequency and the amount of memory the new and old RAM.

Advice 3: How to check RAM for errors

Blue screen of death" in Windows operating system and a critical error BSOD often occur due to a problem with the RAM of the computer, its operational memory. That indicates malfunction of the RAM strips and how to test the RAM for errors?
How to check RAM for errors
You will need
  • program Memtest.
Instruction
1
To start is to understand whether there are faults in the RAM. Damaged RAM generates errors with the key word “memory”. If your PC freezes or restarts on a blue screen – feel free to check the RAM.
2
Checking RAM for errors is carried out by specialized avtozavodaskaya, that is, these programs not needed to run Windows, so you can not worry – the next RAM fails during verification will not occur and the program will last until the final conclusion.
3
For RAM testing is typically used Memtest program (Memtest 86, Memtest 86+). Usually this means enough to know the bar with the error and what the error or fault in it.
4
The Memtest program can be downloaded from the official website – www.memtest86.com. The program Packed in an ISO image that you want to install to a blank CD, and then by rebooting the computer, in the BIOS you need to set the first boot component in the drive. The program will then load, and you can start to diagnose the RAM. At the end of diagnostic (and the time depends on the amount of RAM) the program displays a report on the computer screen.
5
Also in the latest Microsoft operating systems such as Windows Vista and Windows 7, there are built-in and quite powerful tool checking the RAM for errors. It's called Windows Memory Diagnostic. When you start the computer press "F8" and you will see a menu "advanced boot options". Select "Troubleshooting Windows", and on the new screen – under "Tools" by pressing "Enter", select "Windows memory Diagnostic".

Advice 4: How to increase frequency of RAM

No matter how fast was your computer or laptop, since his power no longer enough and he can no longer cope with the desired task. Then there is the idea of the dispersal of its components. A relatively decent performance increase can be achieved by driving the RAM of the computer. Just remember that acceleration leads to a decrease in the stability of your computer, so it must be carried out with caution and only when absolutely necessary.
How to increase frequency of RAM
You will need
  • - Computer with Windows;
  • - CPU Stability Test.
Instruction
1
So, in order to increase the frequency of operational memory, go into the BIOS. After this, go to advanced settings (can they be called Advanced Chipset Settings or some other similar way). To change the timings to find the field responsible for it (Current Latency or similar) and put the minimum value. For example, if is 3, place 2.
2
Now try increasing the frequency of the memory. To do this, here, find, responsible for the speed of the system bus. It might be called FSB Speed or similar. Put frequency of the bus is 1 step greater than that which is you now. It is better to change the frequency at minimum value, no more than 5 MHz.
3
After changing the bus frequency in the BIOS, save settings, load the operating system and run the program to test stability of CPU and memory. In this respect, well-proven program CPU Stability Test.
4
If the test utility showed no problems, feel free to go back to BIOS and increase the frequency of the system bus (together with the processor and operative memory) in a step. Then again, save settings, load operating system and test stability. The cycle should be repeated until, while it will not show the instability of the current configuration. In this case, you should return to BIOS and revert at a frequency of 2 steps back.
Useful advice
Usually overclocking the RAM is to increase the system bus frequency or reduce timings to a minimum. Timings determine the response rate in clock cycles your RAM. Not all motherboards allow you to change the system bus frequency with small increments (1-5 MHz), if so, better give up overclocking. With increasing frequency of the system bus at the same time increases the frequency of the processor. If this occurs abruptly without proper testing, it is a high risk of disabling one or both of these components of the computer.

Advice 5: What is the timing of RAM

The RAM of a modern computer is characterized by several parameters. The most famous is the volume and frequency, but also an important indicator is the latency of the memory, otherwise known as the timing.
What is the timing of RAM
The computer memory (RAM) — volatile memory that contains the components of the OS and running programs. The amount of memory affects how much information it can contain simultaneously, and thus on the number of applications running. Frequency characterizes the speed of the memory, i.e. the number of operations (cycles) per second.
The progenitor of computer memory was created in 1834 by Charles Babbage. It's a mechanical device, referred to as "the Warehouse" (store), retained intermediate results of calculations in the "Analytical machine".

The latency or timings, show the number of cycles spent on internal operations, in other words, the timings characterize a simple memory.

The principle of memory access



For understanding of those or other timings is more focus on the memory access. Simplified memory chip can be represented in the form of a table, where each cell corresponds to a memory element storing one bit.

When selecting a cell via the address bus is the number of column and row. The first gate pulse is supplied to access the string — RAS (Row Access Strobe), then the momentum of the column access CAS (Column Access Strobe).

After selecting a cell on it are sent to various control pulses — tolerance check to write, write, read or recharge. And between these operations there are delays, which are called timings.

Types timings



There are four different timing specified by manufacturers of memory modules.

CL (CAS latensy) – CAS-delay is the wait between the CAS pulse and the beginning reader. In other words, the number of cycles required to read the cells if the line is already open.

T RCD (Row Address to Column Address Delay) – delay between RAS and CAS pulses. The timing shows the time between the opening line and the opening of the column.

T RP (Row Precharge Time). The timing delay between the pulse to close the active row and the RAS pulse on the opening of the next.
Sometimes you can meet the entry type 6-6-6-18-24. Here, the fifth number indicates the timing Command rate — the delay between the pulse on the chip select module memory and activating a row.

The sum of these values characterizes the delay between reading specific memory locations, if opened another line. Manufacturers often specify these three parameters, but sometimes you can see the fourth - T RAS.

T RAS (Row Active Time) – the number of cycles between RAS-impulse and momentum closing line (Precharge), that is, the update time of the row. Usually T RAS equal to three previous timings.

For convenience, timings lead without the designation using the hyphen, for example, 2-2-2 or 2-2-2-6.

Advice 6: How to increase RAM on computer

To increase the amount of RAM on the PC will be able a normal user, however if you will be aware of some subtleties.
How to increase RAM on computer independently

Why you may need to increase the amount of RAM on the computer?

Unfortunately, many developers of operating systems and software (programs and games), absolutely not thinking about optimization, don't remember that many users can not constantly buy the most modern hardware, so their creations can "slow down". To partially solve this problem, you may need to increase the amount of RAM on the computer.

How to buy the right bar of RAM?

When you purchase straps of RAM should be remembered that different types of RAM are not for the each motherboard. To choose the right bar for the memory, it is necessary in the documentation to see the exact model name of the installed motherboard. View the description of this motherboard model on the manufacturer's website, which should state what type of memory suitable for work, as well as the maximum amount of memory that can "see" the motherboard. Also from the description you can see the number of slots to install RAM.

Determine the available computer RAM. To do this, turn on the computer, click on the icon "My computer", right-click, then select "Properties", tab "General" and you can find the total amount of installed RAM.

From the data your task is to calculate the amount of planks that you will acquire (if at least one slot for RAM on your motherboard free, then you just have to subtract from the maximum possible amount of RAM amount of RAM installed, otherwise it will be necessary to pull one of the straps, smaller volume, and in its place set a new benchmark, the volume of which is also calculated).

After buying new memory modules, remove the housing cover (depending on the model it can be removed entirely or have the option to remove just the cover on the side). Look closely at the installed available strap (strap) of memory. In parallel, they place a new bar and insert it in a free slot. Strap memory must enter into the connector tightly to not have been visible contacts and must work the latch, which additionally keeps the bar in the connector.

The diagram below shows an example of changing memory modules DDR2, but it is not necessary that you will also have this type of memory, but the appearance of the connectors under the RAM and the memory modules are similar and you should also consider the location of the notches in the circuit boards.

Как увеличить объем оперативной памяти на компьютере самостоятельноIf done correctly, the above tab will display more memory than before.

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