You will need
  • Patience
  • Attention to the problems of the child
  • Willingness to seek help
First and foremost, please be patient. Overcoming fears can take several months or even years. And let you think for a long time that your child should eventually outgrow, remember that the fears are irrational and don't use calendars.
If the child is scared of an animal or insect, begin slowly to accustom him to the idea that they are not as dangerous as it seemed to him once.
First draw a schematic figure of a cat, dog or spider. Ask a child to portray the "offender". Gradually from schematic drawings go to realistic. Then start to look at the pictures.
When the child is ready for the next step, show terrible animal in the video. Then look at it from a safe distance, through any obstacle. For example, through the glass. Then through the open door.
Never rush the child, not on him. Be around all the time and allow at any moment to hide behind you. And maybe one day the kid Pat a cat or dog.
More severe phobias should be treated by specialists. Symptoms of phobias are severe dizziness, sweating, shortness of breath, vomiting, heart palpitations. If your child is afraid of something "to vomit", consult a children's therapist.
At different ages it is normal to fear certain things. To two years children can frighten strangers, strange objects, loud noises. Six years tend to be afraid of monsters, ghosts and fairy-tale villains. It is just such fears that can get out by themselves. After seven years of a child can frighten the spontaneous natural phenomena and disasters.
Fear school, public speaking, germs can develop into a serious social anxiety. Don't freeze them, do not scold the child. Learn the simplest method of relaxation, find out how serious his fear on a 10-point school. Do not simplify the problem of the child, do not say that this is nonsense. Show that you seriously feel about him, ready to listen to him and help him.