The cause of the pain can be infectious disease - osteomyelitis. This disease is most often caused by infection entering the jaw bone through a periodontal pocket, the hole in the jaw where a tooth grows. The disease affects the entire jaw bone, causes severe inflammation and throbbing pain, fever, sometimes up to forty degrees.
Tooth decay can also cause pain as the infection enters and affects the nerves of the tooth root that reaches the jawbone. The pain is worse at night, is of a throbbing character.
In the lower jaw is the facial artery, inflammation (arteritis) leads to the characteristic pain, accompanied by burning, from the chin to the upper lip, nose and nasolabial folds.
When dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint during chewing, heard a click, it becomes difficult to open your mouth, there is pain. These disorders can cause inflammation in the joint, deformity of the joint (osteoarthritis), malocclusion, treated since childhood.
Common cause pain in the jaw is neuralgia (inflammation) of the ternary nerve. Ternary nerve goes to the region of the eyes, temples, and upper jaw. Trigeminal neuralgia is accompanied by acute pain in the cheek or jaw, sudden and severe pain causing tearing and salivation, muscle twitching.
Neuralgia of the laryngeal nerve may be the cause of pain in the lower jaw. The pain is focused in the area of the larynx, but may radiate to the ear, eyes, chest and shoulder. Pain caused by swallowing, blowing your nose, turn the head, accompanied by hiccups, cough. Inflammation of the ear nerve node also causes pain in the region of the jaw arch.
One of the most common causes of pain in the jaw is considered to be a fracture of the jaw bones. In the area of the fracture occurs bruising or swelling, pain, difficulty chewing.
Diverse causes of pain in the jaw are reduced to three main groups: diseases of the teeth and gums, disease of the facial nerves, diseases of the temporomandibular joint. A separate cause is a broken jaw.