"Pyrantel" effect on the muscles of worms by depolarization of their neuromuscular connections. The drug affects immature and Mature individuals and no effect on larvae that are in the migration stage. The drug release in the form of tablets and suspension for oral administration. Its analogues are "Helmintox and Nemocid".
"Pyrantel" is prescribed based on body weight and age of the patient. Children 6 months to 2 years of age, give 0.5 teaspoon or 0.5 tablets, children 2 to 6 years of age give 1 scoop or 1 tab., children from 6 to 12 years - 2 tablets or 2 scoops, for adults with weight up to 75 kg and children over 12 years should take 3 scoops, or 3 tablets, adult from 75 kg for 4 scoops or 4 tab. In these doses the drug is used once. It is recommended to repeat the intake of "Pyrantel" in 3 weeks.
For the treatment of enterobiasis and ascariasis medicine prescribed once in the amount of 10 mg per 1 kg of body weight. Admission tools in a minimum amount of 5 mg per 1 kg of body weight. When hookworm disease "Pyrantel" is prescribed for three days in a daily amount of 10 mg per 1 kg For treatment of complicated forms of necatorosis medication take 2 days in a daily dose of 20 mg per 1 kg of body weight. "Pyrantel" you need to drink during the meal or after it, the tablets should be thoroughly chewed. Upon completion of treatment should pass feces to detect the presence or absence of helminth eggs.
The drug has the following side effects: weakness, insomnia, drowsiness, headaches, dizziness, impaired hearing, confusion, paresthesia, stomach pain, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, increased liver transaminases, fever, skin rashes. "Pyrantel" contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity to components, pregnancy and lactation, in the treatment of myasthenia gravis. With caution the drug is prescribed for disorders of the liver, children up to 2 years.
For the treatment of helminthiasis with "Pyrantel" there is no need to use laxatives. In enterobioze required to carry out the simultaneous treatment of people living together. At some after reception of "Pyrantel" dizziness may occur, therefore, during the period of the drug use caution when driving and performing work requiring active psychomotor reactions.