You will need
- - Pot
- - concrete block,
- - sand,
- - peat
- - garden earth or leaf humus.
Grow gerberas in the greenhouse, they get into your home, where for some time are experiencing severe stress. So don't in the next two weeks to aggravate stress, change in new, more comfortable potty. Give the flower to adapt to a new place and get used to other conditions. The most favorable time to transplant gerbera – spring.
Carefully replant gerbera together with a lump of land in a low pot with a wide top, while being careful not to damage the roots. On the bottom of the prepared pot place a layer of drainage, it can be expanded clay or broken bricks.
To prepare the substrate mix 1/4 part sand, 1/4 peat and 1/2 garden soil or leaf humus. Pour the prepared soil into the pot two-thirds full. Then carefully remove the gerbera with a lump of land, and move in a new pot. Pour the rest of the soil mix. The root collar should remain above the soil surface. Remember, gerbera categorically can't stand the abundance of organic fertilizers.
Care gerberoy after transplantation is reduced to the timely and abundant watering. Do not pour the plant and do not allow drying earthen coma. Water the gerbera at the edge of the pot to defend water at room temperature (it should be not below 20 degrees). It is helpful to spray the leaves of plants (but not flowers), thus the water droplets must be very small.
Growing gerberas in the home requires additional lighting, if you want to see the colors. Minimum daylight should be fourteen hours. Therefore, it is advisable to highlight the plant and fluorescent lights. Not harmful gerbera and direct sunlight in the morning and evening. In the summer take out the pots on the balcony or in the garden, they love the fresh air and is absolutely not afraid of drafts.
Advice 2: How to water a gerbera
Gerbera is a perennial garden plant, but in spite of this, some gardeners grow it at home. It has a floral inflorescence that resembles chamomile, but only a little mahrova. To care for gerbera whimsical, any fluctuation of temperature or watering reacts rather sharply. How to build watering plants?
Gerbera does not like excess or deficit of moisture. Watering should be moderate. Water the plant gently falling on the flower. Remember that this could ruin him.
The plant does not like stagnation in the soil – this can cause fungal diseases or so-called "powdery mildew". On this basis, water gerbera only in the pan pot. The excess fluid drain. Some growers pour water into the edge of the pot, in this case, carefully check the condition of the soil.
Before watering feel the soil - if you feel even slightly damp ground, irrigating water, the plant does not need. Conversely, if the dryness of the soil, watering is needed.
Gerbera likes moist air, so occasionally lubricate it. Do this by using a fine spray, but remember that getting water on the plant should not be allowed. In that case, if you see that the leaves have started to wither, pour it.
Do not water gerbera cold water – it will destroy it. Optimal water temperature is +20oC. Remember that water should be defended. The difference between the temperature of air and water should not be significant, otherwise it may cause deterioration in plant condition – yellowing leaves, wilting of the flower.
After transplantation of plants, increase watering and rest – reduce. In that case, if you see that the soil is "bloomed", that is due to excess moisture started to SELENATES, immediately transplant the plant, removing from the root system of the entire earth (with a brush).
Don't forget to feed the plant, the first feed should be liquid fertilizers, most of the gerbera needs nutrients during the growing season, i.e., active growth. During flowering, increase the introduction of potassium and the rest – nitrogen.
Advice 3: How to keep gerbera
Fresh flowers – the perfect gift for any girl! Their beauty and aroma always lift your spirits. However, cut flowers sometimes fade too quickly. How can I prolong the life a bouquet of Gerber?
Try to buy flowers in ready-made bouquets, and choose them separately. Sellers often make a bouquet of flowers that are already starting to fade. In this case, make sure that the plant was not damage and dry leaves/petals.
Buying flowers in the winter, pack them in newspaper to keep warm. And bringing them in from the cold back home, do not rush to remove the paper: let the gerbera daisies will warm it for about an hour. After that, place the bouquet in a bucket of water and cover the top with paper, leave for 20 minutes. Even in summer the wildflowers have to be protected from harmful air. Carry them home tightly shrink-wrapped.
If the wildflowers begin to fade, "cheer up" their water solution: 4 liters of water 2 teaspoons of alcohol and a few drops of ammonia.
Put the flowers in water and it cut 2-4 cm from the stem; the incision is better to do oblique. This will save the life of the plant and help it to consume the moisture. Water level for Gerber – about 5-8 cm
Put a vase in a bright place but avoid direct sunlight on the flowers. Drafts also dangerous for gerberas.
Gerberas are very sensitive to dirty water. To keep water clean, put into it a piece of charcoal or silver object.
Gerberas can be kept in water with sugar. Before you put flowers in a vase, dissolve in hot (!) water 2 teaspoons of sugar.
Change the water in the vase daily, be sure to washing the dishes cleaning products. Each time a little bit to cut the root of a plant. So the flower will stay bright and fresh for two weeks. It is possible by using a flower will rubbing the stem with salt.
Each flower is unique, so the ways of life-prolonging gerbera may not be suitable to other plants. Be careful when choosing colors. Ask the seller how to combine plants in bouquets.