Advice 1: How to chop "Milgamma"

"Milgamma" is a combined tool, which is composed of vitamins of group B. a Tool used to improve the functioning of the nervous system. "Milgamma" improves the recovery processes of the nervous tissue, has beneficial effects on the cardiovascular and neuromuscular system.
How to chop "Milgamma"
Instruction
1
"Milgamma" is prescribed to treat symptoms of neuritis, neuralgia, myalgia, retrobulbar neuritis, polyneuropathies (including diabetic and alcoholic), herpes zoster, neurological manifestations of osteochondrosis, night muscle cramps, radicular syndromes, paresis of the facial nerve. The drug is effective in neurological system diseases caused by lack of vitamins B1 and B6. "Milgamma" is also prescribed to improve the functions of the nervous system and increase blood flow. Its analogues are: "Neuromultivit", "Benefit", "Neurobion", "Combilipen", "Compositum".
2
The composition of the drug include vitamin B1 (thiamine), vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin), lidocaine. Vitamin B1 exhibits antioxidant activity, regulates protein and carbohydrate metabolism in cells, promotes the development of analgesic effect. Vitamin B6 takes part in many processes in the cells of the nervous tissue. Vitamin B12 reduces the pain caused by damage to the peripheral nervous system, and stimulates nucleotide exchange. Lidocaine has local anesthetic agent.
3
"Milgamma" is produced in the form of tablets and solution for injection. Pills need to be taken on 1 piece 3 times a day for 30 days. Injections of the drug prescribed for severe pain. "Milgamma" inject intramuscularly (deep), 1 per day to 2 ml. the Drug must be administered slowly. With the rapid introduction may appear dizziness, palpitation, irregular heart rhythm, fainting, seizures. While calming the pain injections do 2-3 times a week. The rate of application is 5-10 days. Further prescribed pills of the drug. To relieve an attack of acute pain, made a one-time shot "Milgamma".
4
"Milgamma" contraindicated" to children to 16-ti years, with heart failure decompensation, in case of hypersensitivity to its components. It is not recommended to use the drug during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Be wary appoint "Milgamma" along with "D-penicillamine" and "Cycloserine". Tool calls the following side effects: tachycardia, urticaria, increased sweating, skin rash, acne, anaphylactic shock, angioedema, shortness of breath. In overdose these symptoms intensify. "Milgamma" dispensed by prescription. The shelf life of pills is 5 years, vials - 2 years.

Advice 2: How to inject vitamins

Some vitamins (especially b vitamins) is quite poorly absorbed through the gastrointestinal tract. Therefore, there are cases when the doctor recommends vitamins intramuscularly – in other words, injections. But how to inject vitamins?
How to inject vitamins
You will need
  • Disposable syringe for intramuscular injection
  • Alcohol wipes or sterile cotton wool and alcohol (Cologne)
  • Vitamins in capsules
Instruction
1
Before pricking the vitamins, consult a doctor. Do not put a diagnosis and prescribe treatment independently. After all, "normal", natural way of intake of vitamins is food, and vitamin injections are an extreme measure. While intramuscular injections of vitamins you can do for yourself is quite simple.
2
Most often, the injections are in the thigh – the upper outer quarter. If you prick the vitamins yourself – you can put a needle in the outer thigh (upper third).
3
Before you make an injection, be sure to wash your hands with soap and water. Open the syringe and vial with a solution of vitamin. Then remove the syringe needle plastic safety cap and pull the plunger, let the syringe a little air. Now you can dial into the syringe the drug. Once the vial is empty, turn the full syringe the needle up and gently tap it with a fingernail, small air bubbles are gathered into one big air bubble at the top of the syringe. Then slowly push the plunger up until all air comes out, and the tip of the needle does not appear a drop of the drug.
4
Wipe the injection site with a sterile alcohol pad (can be purchased at the pharmacy). Instead of napkins, you can use a sterile cotton wool moistened with alcohol or Cologne. Then the left hand slightly stretch the skin at the site chosen for the injection, and right quickly insert the needle approximately at half the length. By pushing the plunger slowly, enter vitamin.
5
Again wipe the injection site with an alcohol pad or cotton wool to quickly remove the needle and press a cotton swab to the injection site for a minute or two. If you hit a blood vessel and the puncture site was made by a drop of blood – keep the fleece until then, until the bleeding stops.
Note
If you are prescribed several courses of injections of vitamins – clearly follow the doctor's recommendations, do not have the initiative, do not mix drugs in the "vitamin cocktail" and do not do injections in the same needle". Many vitamins (especially b group) which are not compatible with each other and can cause allergic reactions, so their shots are alternated: for example, today you make an injection of vitamin B1, tomorrow – B12, and to combine these two events into one day is impossible.

Advice 3: How to inject lidocaine

Lidocaine – a drug that has anesthetic effects. The tool blocks sodium channels, causing the pulses do not pass through nerve fibers. Lidocaine dilates blood vessels and not irritating. The solution for injection is used in obstetrics, gynecology, surgery and dentistry.
How to inject lidocaine
You will need
  • a syringe;
  • needle;
  • capsules;
  • - sterile cotton wool;
  • - alcohol.
Instruction
1
Before using lidocaine solution guide intradermal test for the possible increased sensitivity of the organism to the drug. With a fine needle and insert a small amount of medication. Evaluate the results after 15 minutes. If the patient is allergic to the tool, in the area of the injection will appear edema and redness. In this case, use other anesthetics. If all is in order, you can use lidocaine for anesthesia.
2
Prepare syringe, needle, ampoules, sterile cotton wool and rubbing alcohol.
3
Take the vial and shake it by its neck. Then squeeze her hand and in a circular motion separate head. Take the syringe and through the hole connect it to the amp. Slowly enter the contents.
4
For local anesthesia the drug is injected subcutaneously or intramuscularly. Avoid intravascular drug administration. Depending on the body parts, use from 40 to 200mg of money. For example, for shoulder pain and sacral plexus, use 100-200mg of lidocaine. If you're dealing with your fingers, ears, nose, introduce 40-60mg and so on. The maximum dose for adults is 200mg.
5
Wipe the injection site with a sterile cotton wool soaked in alcohol, and take a shot. After removing the needle, massage a few seconds, the other puncture site with a cotton ball.
6
During application of the drug be sure to monitor ECG. In case of any violations, reduce the dose or cancel the drug. Please use caution when using lidocaine, if the patient suffers from heart failure, disease of the liver, kidneys, hypotension, or the propensity for hyperthermia.
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Do not mix lidocaine with other drugs. It is precipitated when used with sulfadiazine, methohexitone and amphotericin. Also, the drug can be incompatible with ampicillin.
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Contraindications
Lidocaine is contraindicated in renal and (or) liver failure, hypersensitive, transverse blockade heart, some cardiovascular diseases, myasthenia gravis, pregnancy and lactation etc, its impossible to send children up to 12 years.
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Side effects
When using the drug may experience dizziness, headache, drowsiness, loss of consciousness, respiratory paralysis, numbness of the tongue, decrease in blood pressure. In some cases, there is tachycardia, bradycardia, nausea, vomiting, skin rashes, anaphylactic shock, etc.
Note
Carry out the injection yourself is dangerous to health. It is better to consult a certified specialist.

Advice 4: Where to inject intramuscularly

Often doctors prescribe patients the medication intramuscularly, even if they don't go to the hospital. It is rare to find neighbor-a nurse who agrees to set shots, while private services are costly, especially a visit to the house. It is therefore useful to be able to put the intramuscular injections as other people, and myself.
Not always a course of injections can be obtained by a health worker
You will need
  • - the vial of medication;
  • a syringe of the appropriate volume;
  • - cotton pads or balls;
  • - alcohol for injection.
Instruction
1
Open the vial. If it is marked by a white dot, just click on it, the pad of the thumb and slight movement to break off the tip. If the point is not - would first have to cut the glass with a scarifier, which manufacturers put on the package of vials. If he lost - will help ordinary nail file. Thereafter, in the same movement gently break off top of ampoule.
2
Open the package of the syringe. Put the needle on the syringe and carefully, without touching the metal with your fingers, not remove the protective cap. Pull the plunger of the syringe to let some air in, and then dial in his medication from the vials.
3
Turn the syringe needle up and tap it with your finger to let the air bubbles are gathered into one large surface. Push down on the piston, pushing air through the needle. With a small amount of medication will spill out of the needle.
4
Determine the injection site. If you put a shot to another person, mentally divide the buttock into four equal shares. To enter, the needle should be in the upper outer part. If you put the shot itself - the injection site is the upper third of the outer side of the thigh.
5
Wipe the injection site with alcohol. Sharp and confident movement insert the needle into the muscle (to do this, it is necessary to relax). Optimal depth of insertion - if from the base of the needle to the skin about 1 cm and full introduction is not scary.
6
Slowly push the plunger of the syringe to begin the infusion of medication. The longer and ravnomernoe it goes into the muscle more easily absorbed. So, the patient experiences less pain and avoid the risk of lumps at the injection site.
7
When fully administered the drug, take an alcohol-moistened cotton wool and apply to the puncture site. Short movement, remove the needle from the muscle and massage the skin with a cotton swab. If you start to form a lump - apply iodine mesh or tie for a few hours of pure cabbage leaf.
Note
Be sure to use only disposable syringes. If the shot touched the needle with your hands or dropped on the floor - replace it with a new sterile.
Useful advice
Change the injection site if you need to undergo treatment. One day put in the right buttock (thigh), the other to the left.
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