Immediately consult a doctor if constipation in a child exceeds three days and is accompanied by vomiting with a persistent smell stool, bloating, raising body temperature, pain in the navel area and General malaise. These symptoms may indicate a bowel obstruction. If you suspect such a diagnosis, the child should be urgently hospitalized and operated on. A late diagnosis may lead to perforation of the intestine (appearance of through-holes) and severe inflammatory processes in the abdominal cavity.
Sometimes rare chair can be caused by a weak intestinal peristalsis. In any case, notify your pediatrician that your child has problems with the chair. An experienced specialist will help you choose a diet and prescribe some medications and procedures.
Without a prescription in pharmacy you can buy product "Duphalac". It includes lactulose, splitting the contents of the intestine and softening the stool output. "Duphalac" has a pleasant smell and taste of sweet syrup, which is especially popular with the children. This drug can be used for children up to years of age. Normalization of stool occurs within the first week of taking the drug, but treatment should continue for at least a month to complete the regulation of physiological processes. "Duphalac" take once daily (preferably at night) in accordance with the age dose. With prolonged use of high doses can cause diarrhea. Absolute contraindications for taking this medicine are: lactose intolerance, rectal bleeding and intestinal obstruction.
In addition to the "Duphalac" enveloping effect give drugs "Lactusan", "Prelex and ordinary mineral oil. One or two tablespoons of oil 2 hours after meals prevent the accumulation and hardening of feces and promote its excretion in a natural way.
Rapid effect in resolving problems with a chair has enema. For example, the set mikroklizm "Microlax" applies even at an early age. One enema is administered into the rectum up to the middle of the tip and squeeze the contents. Laxative effect occurs within 5-15 minutes. If you trust folk remedies, you can make a warm enema with chamomile. Buy in a pharmacy bag of optimal size, brew a chamomile at the rate of 4 tbsp (or 6-8 bags) per liter of boiling water. Let cool to room temperature and start the enema, the tip brushing the pears with the vegetable oil. The baby should lie on right side with knees bent. Podstolice diaper in advance.
Diversify the child's diet of prunes, beets and apples. Vegetable soups and light chicken broths also have a positive effect on the stomach and intestines. For normalization of stool, the child needs to drink at least 1.5 liters of plain water. To carry out this provision, teach your child to drink a glass of filtered or mineral water without gas for 15 minutes before a meal. Ditch the soda, chips and fast food. Better to let the child bites, fresh carrots and drink prepared fruit drinks and herbal teas. By the way, if to speak about tea, the most useful for constipation Kuril tea. One teaspoon is poured 200 ml of boiling water and infused for 10-15 minutes. Be aware that this tea lowers blood pressure, and therefore contraindicated in hypotensive patients. To get involved Kuril tea is not necessary - the recommended dose is half a Cup 2 times a day.
Long sitting at the place only adds to stagnant processes in the intestine, so encourage your child to mobile life: running, jumping, walking long distances. Before going to bed can give the baby a belly massage - kneading motion with your fingers clockwise around the navel. This massage reduces gas and improves intestinal peristalsis.