To recognize a concussion is not always possible, because it can be expressed in various degrees of intensity. Most often people complain of dizziness, nausea, headache, noise in ears and pain in the eyeballs. Also often there is vomiting, insomnia or drowsiness, loss of appetite, euphoria and memory problems. Also a concussion can be identified by lethargy of the victim, the pallor of his skin, absent-mindedness, changing respiratory rate and pulse rate, and rise/drop in blood pressure. Usually these symptoms occur within the first three days after concussion.
In some cases, neurological signs of a concussion may be completely absent.
Untimely appeal to the doctor is fraught with disappearance of the symptoms of a concussion and, as a consequence, difficulties in the diagnosis. In addition, brain injury can lead to the development of an intracranial hematoma, which is treated more severely than a normal concussion – besides, it is dangerous for the life of the victim and its functions. Treatment of head injury should always be conducted in a hospital, with strict adherence to bed rest and doctor's prescription.
Time in the hospital
Because a concussion is different degrees of severity, the time the patient spend in the hospital depends on them. So, it can vary from 3 days to 21 days – and so on, especially when there are various neurological complications that require long-term and adequate treatment. Typically, the victim's condition, treating a concussion in the hospital, is improving rapidly, after which they are discharged home under the clinical supervision of the district neurologist.
It should be remembered that the effects of concussion can often occur after discharge from the hospital, so you should not rush her until complete recovery.
A consequence of the denial of hospitalization or urgent discharge from hospital can be frequent headaches, irritability, fatigue, unsteady gait, and a reduction in sharpness of memory, vision and so on. In addition, a person can buy a vegeto-vascular dystonia, hypertension, epilepsy and convulsions – these effects usually increase in adverse unsafe conditions and failure to comply with the quiet lifestyle required after a concussion.
Advice 2: How to identify a concussion
Concussion of the brain the brain is one of the most mild forms of traumatic brain injury. It can occur due to sudden movements or head injury. Diagnosed and treated a concussion usually has no consequences, so it is important to know the warning symptoms that help to identify it.
Rate the condition of the person injured. Ask a few simple questions to understand how the victim is focused in time, if he had any memory loss. Try to find out, do not lose human consciousness. Upon detection of disturbing symptoms, call an ambulance or transport the victim to the hospital on their own.
Ask how the victim feels. If he's pressing or throbbing headache, dizziness, nausea, or photophobia? If a person answered Yes to one or more questions, most likely, it is really easy and a traumatic brain injury. If the health of the victim deteriorating from the slightest movement or light exercise, immediately call an ambulance.
Look at the pupils of the victim. If they are asymmetric or sluggish to respond to light, the man really has a concussion of the brain. Aggravating symptom is loss of coordination. In this case we can talk about more serious traumatic brain injury, and therefore medical care must be provided promptly.
Often the signs of a concussion appear some time after head injury. Even if in the first hours after the injury, your loved one feels well, watch it for three days. Pay attention to any deviations in his behavior, in violation of health or sleep. Even insignificant in your opinion symptom may be of value to the neurologist.
Even if the victim feels fine after head injury it is advisable to survey and medical surveillance. If the injured child, such measures mandatory. A small child may not tell you about what was bothering him, but because a diagnosis needs to engage a qualified technician.
Advice 3: How to identify headache
Headache (cephalalgia) is only a symptom of any disease. Analgesics are often used when it occurs, can only subside manifestation of the disease, but not affect the cause of the pain. Identifying the source of cephalgia allows you to find the right treatment to get rid of this unpleasant symptom.
You will need
- - tonometer.
If you have a headache measure blood pressure. If it goes above 139/89 mm Hg.St., the cause of the pain is probably due to the hypertension. In addition to the appearance cephalgia as the pressure increases, you may notice a flashing "flies" before the eyes, palpitations, sensation of heat and shivering in the body, the appearance of weakness and nausea.
Note the relationship of pain with stressful situations, overwork and lack of sleep. If the feeling of tightening of a head helmet, eye strain and nausea, and dizziness appear after nervous overstrain, the cause cephalgia is the pinching of the occipital nerve "petrified" from the stress of the neck muscles. At the time of the appearance of the next attack of pain felt the back of the head and the back of the neck, the appearance of discomfort when pressed on some points confirm the conjecture of the muscular origin of pain.
Make some smooth movements of the head to the right and to the left. When the crunch contact your therapist for referral for radiography of the cervical spine. In the picture, the doctor will confirm or exclude the presence of cervical degenerative disc disease. Low back pain can cause headaches because it will disturb the natural position of the vertebrae and compression of the arteries supplying the brain. The lack of blood subjectively perceived head painYu.
If you experience pain that begins with the eyes, and then exciting the entire head, see an ophthalmologist. May cause cephalgia is in violation of accommodation (myopia, hyperopia, etc.) or astigmatism.
If the head pain came after the recent colds, consult ENT doctor to undergo radiography of the paranasal sinuses. Often pain syndrome caused by the occurrence of sinusitis, i.e., inflammation of the sinuses.
Give a common blood test to know the level of hemoglobin and quantity of erythrocytes. Cephalalgia can be caused by anemia, in which the brain suffers from a lack of oxygen.
Go through ultrasonic dopplerography of cerebral vessels. This study will determine the status of blood flow, evaluate the tone of blood vessels and the intracranial pressure value. Doppler ultrasound detects vasospasm, aneurysms, narrowing of arteries, increased intracranial pressure. All these conditions can cause headaches.
Go through computer or magnetic-resonant tomography of the brain. CT and MRI provide the most complete information about the cause of the pain syndrome.