Bed for cucumber
The cucumber is originally from hot and humid India, therefore, prefers exactly such conditions. Regardless of the sort, all the cucumbers have similar preferences. It is very important that the soil in which grow the cucumbers were loose, fertile and moderately moist. The good harvests of cucumbers show if growing in a warm bed – in the village it can be high manure bed, in the absence of mullein, you can make a warm bed of vegetable compost. When perepletenie organics stands out a lot of heat, which accelerates the growth and development of plants. Besides a great fertilizer throughout the summer.
Cucumber is 95% water, so for normal development he needs regular abundant watering. The water should be warm, at a distance on the sun. Otherwise the plants quickly begin to die the roots, the leaves wither and fall off ovary. Besides infrequent irrigation will lead to the fact that the fruits are bitter in taste, which is subsequently very difficult to correct.
Sun or partial shade?
Equally testing is the right choice of location for planting cucumbers. The fact that the sheet of cucumber needs bright light and the fruit tends to hide in the shadows. It is better to grow cucumbers on a trellis – in this case, the conditions will be met. The very structure of cucumber whip suggests that for normal development he needs support. In nature, the cucumber winding through the trees, with bright but diffused sunlight. Too bright and burning sun causes leaf scorch, which negatively affects the condition and yield of cucumbers. During heavy rains trellis will save the plants from fungal diseases, as well as provide an opportunity to place in the same area more plants.
In southern regions it is permissible to plant next to the planting cucumber tall plants: maize, sunflower and let it whip cucumber. In the Northern regions the best choice would a greenhouse with polycarbonate because of the short summer the plants without shelter will not be able to produce a good harvest. Greenhouse also meets all the conditions for normal development of cucumber: gives diffused light, the ability to put the whip on the trellis. It is convenient to arrange it and proper watering.
If the greenhouse on the plot, you can grow cucumbers in warm beds under plastic cover, but in extreme heat you need to cover the whip from the hot sun nonwoven covering materials. To stimulate the formation of new ovaries, have regularly once in two or three days to harvest.
Advice 2: How to grow cucumbers in the garden
Cucumbers belong to the thermophilic cultures. So to grow they are best in a greenhouse where the vegetables will be protected from cold, rain and wind. But what about those who have a greenhouse at their summer cottage there? Do they have to give up juicy crunchy pickles. Not at all. Cucumbers can be grown in the garden, if you follow some simple rules.
You will need
- - seeds of cucumbers;
- - plastic cups;
- - ash, nitrophoska;
- - twigs, dead leaves, pine needles, straw, sawdust, peat;
- - plastic film;
- - fertilizer.
In order to grow cucumbers in the garden, the first thing to do seedlings. Planting seeds is carried out in plastic cups or small pots, filled with special nutritional soil mixture, consisting of sawdust, peat and humus. To fertilize the soil with ash and nitrophoska. Planting seeds of cucumbers it is better to do in early or mid-April.
Once a week watering the seeds of cucumbers, filtered water. At a temperature of 20-28°C they are quite in unison begin to grow, and a month later after planting you will notice the emergence of seedlings.
Immediately after the emergence of seedlings join in the search space for further growing cucumbers in the garden. Give preference to a lighted area, closed from the wind by fences, mesh or dense thickets of garden shrubs. It is better to grow cucumbers in the beds where it grew root crops, tomatoes, peppers, cabbage or onions. Keep in mind that the soil in the garden where you intend to grow cucumbers should have a minimum nitrogen content.
In order to grow cucumbers in the garden, try to create for their growth and development most favorable conditions. For this early spring collect from the site and its environs branches, fallen leaves, pine needles, straw, sawdust and peat. Mix the collected debris with a rake, form a smooth oblong pile, add hot water, shake and tamp disinfect with a solution of copper sulphate.
Next, pour on the bed a layer of soil mixture composed of peat soil, sawdust, peat and compost, and carefully flatten it. The thickness of this layer should be 10-15 cm that will play the role of the soil for growing cucumbers in the garden. To create a greenhouse effect wrap the bed with plastic wrap and do not remove it until the moment of planting the cucumber seedlings.
Transplanting of cucumbers on a bed of warm cooked produce in mid-may, subject to the established warm weather. If you plant cucumbers in insufficiently heated soil, they will die. For each plant dig an individual hole and fill it with mineral fertilizers: superphosphate, or nitrophoska. Pour a bed with the prepared hole with warm water and start planting seedlings.
Once a month make dry root fertilizing, sprinkling the soil around the plants with any of your fertilizers. To increase the yield of cucumbers better suited to such formulations as "hero", "Supporter", "Berry" and "Giant". Don't forget to water the cucumbers. This should be done 3 times a week. At the stage of fructification are only watering-fertilizing with a mixture of slurry and mineral fertilizers.