The prostate is a small glandular-muscular organ, located under the bladder. Gland produces a secret, which provides mobility and stability of spermatozoa. The nature of the disease distinguish acute and chronic prostatitis.
Chronic prostatitis develops gradually, over many years, often asymptomatic. The reason for this form of prostatitis are prolonged stagnation in the prostate gland, for example, sedentary work, sedentary lifestyle, wearing tight underwear. Also the cause of the stagnation can become irregular sexual life and alcohol abuse.
Risk factors for the occurrence of the disease is low immunity in various diseases, hormonal disorders, chronic stress, hypothermia and the presence of chronic foci of infection. Chronic prostatitis may be the outcome of acute form when not treated.
Chronic prostatitis is manifested by disorders of the urinary sphere - frequent urination in small portions, frequent urination at night, feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder, discomfort after ejaculation, and pain in the lower abdomen. Pain can radiate to the sacrum, rectum, perineum, lumbar region.
Also characteristic disorders of sexual function, premature ejaculation, weak erection, decreased sex drive, impotence. Patients usually hard to record the attention on your condition, often when experiencing anxiety and nervousness, so there is the risk of developing depression. Often the symptoms are expressed is so small that men do not pay attention to them and not go to the doctor. The disease continues to progress and can lead to complications.
The most common complication is inflammation of the testicles and seminal vesicles, and this can lead to infertility. Chronic inflammation also can cause prostate or prostate cancer. Unfortunately, chronic prostatitis is very difficult to treat, which most often aimed at reducing congestion, improving blood flow in the prostate gland and lengthening periods of remission.
Acute prostatitis is less common chronic, it can become pathogens Escherichia coli, enterococci, gonococci, Trichomonas. The infection can reach when casting infected urine into the ducts of the glands, spread through the lymphatic vessels from the rectum or blood flow of chronic foci of infection. It begins acutely, with fever, pain in the perineum and lumbar region, zatrudeniya urination. Due to the swelling of the prostate may occur acute urinary retention. Acute prostatitis is treated in a hospital.