Advice 1: What take antibiotics if lymphadenitis

Lymphadenitis is an inflammatory disease of the lymph nodes. Nonspecific lymphadenitis occurs as a complication from another disease caused by streptococci and staphylococci. Cause specific disease be diseases such as tuberculosis, syphilis, gonorrhea, and other infections.
What take antibiotics if lymphadenitis
With non-specific lymphadenitis, doctors prescribe antibiotics drugs penicillin and cephalosporin second generation. High efficiency shows the drug "Amoxiclav". Consists of penicillin and semisynthetic beta-lactamase inhibitor. For adults, recommended to take 625 mg twice a day. The duration of treatment is 10-14 days. Antibiotic is better to drink at the beginning of a meal to reduce possible side effects from the stomach.
A broad-spectrum antibiotic is "Augmentin". It shows a positive therapeutic effect in the treatment of lymphadenitis. Before beginning treatment, you should check the sensitivity of the harmful microflora that caused the disease in the patient on this drug. The dosage and duration of therapy is decided by the doctor depending on the infection and severity of the condition of the body.
Following the preparation of a number of penicillins is "Ampicillin". The daily dose is 2-3 grams. In the treatment may occur side effects: angioedema, urticaria, skin rash. In case of any reactions, discontinue use of "Ampicillin". For the treatment of lymphadenitis used the following drugs - "Ampiox", "Cloncom-X", "Azlocillin" and "Amoxicillin".
Antibacterial drug from a number of cephalosporins of the second row is the "Cefuroxim". Assigned when resistance to amoxicillin and ampicillin. Contraindicated in chronic renal failure, nedostroi, diseases of the gastrointestinal system and bleeding. You cannot apply an antibiotic when severe weakness and poverty. At the reception there are such side effects as disbacteriosis, hearing loss, chills, itching, anemia, etc., When prolonged treatment is recommended to monitor renal function and to carry out prevention of dysbiosis. The course of therapy is 7-10 days.
In the treatment of lymphadenitis begins with the creation of rest for the inflamed area, where there is a lymph node. Doctors recommend physiotherapy: ultrasonic therapy, galvanization, medical electrophoresis. In the case of suppurative lymphadenitis should be drainage of festering cavity. After drainage is necessary to treat wounds and changing dressings. To avoid disease it is necessary to promptly treat any wounds of the skin and chronic infection, to take precautions and to promptly contact their doctor.

Advice 2: How to take "Augmentin"

"Augmentin" is one of the most popular antibiotics. This is due to the fact that it belongs to the category of versatile and broad spectrum. However, despite its prevalence, few people know how and when to drink the drug and how to do it right.
How to take "Augmentin"
Active ingredients "Augmentin" amoxicillin and clavulanic acid. These two components help to get rid of virtually any bacteria that enter the human body. So with "Augmentin" being treated as diseases of the upper and lower respiratory, and kidney disease, etc. Because it is a broad-spectrum antibiotic.
Despite its versatility, better self itself "Augmentin" not to appoint. To write such a powerful tool needs a doctor. In extreme cases, you can only consult a specialist.

What is "Augmentin"

Produces the antibacterial drug in powder for preparation of oral suspension and in tablet form. As a result, everyone can find an acceptable form of delivery. For working people, the suspension is not suitable, because to take it at work is not as convenient as pills. For children suspension is the best option. Since the product has no pronounced taste, it is much easier to drink than tasteless bitter pills that have to the same and not all children are age appropriate.

Indications for admission "Augmentin"

In the list of indications for the intake of antibiotic for quite a few different diseases. This and ear infections, and bronchitis, and infections of the genitourinary tract, and cognie problems as well as infections of bones and joints.
The drug "Augmentin" is a great tool for the treatment of mixed infections caused by microorganisms susceptible to amoxicillin.

Treated "Augmentinom" all of the infections caused by bacteria susceptible to amoxicillin. It is worth considering that the sensitivity of bacteria to antibiotics depends on the region and time. Therefore, in the appointment of the drug must be taken into account data on the localization of the patient. It is better to hand over crop on sensitivity to antibiotics to determine the efficacy of the drug.

How to take

There are a number of contraindications that must be considered before taking this drug. For example, "Augmentin" is not recommended for people with sensitivity to amoxicillin, klavulanova acid and other auxiliary components of the drug. Also, do not drink "Augmentin" to those who have previously been diagnosed with jaundice or other severe liver disease.

Among the contraindications also include:
- phenylketonuria;
- violation of the kidney;
- violation of the liver (accept only with caution).

There are a number of restrictions on the admission of the drug during lactation period and pregnancy.

Taking the drug orally. The dosage is determined individually, usually based on body weight. Can also be additionally taken into account such parameters as the calculation of patient's age and severity of the infection.

Drink the pills that the suspension just before eating to reduce the potential problems with the gastrointestinal tract. Minimum course of treatment – 5 days, it is better to drink a recommended 7. The maximum duration of treatment "Augmentinom" may not exceed 14 days.

Depending on the dosage of the drug drink it either twice a day or three. But it can and should be solved only by the doctor, taking into account the mentioned parameters.

Children from birth to 3 months the recommended dose is 30 mg/kg/day in 2 doses as a suspension 4:1.

Prepare the suspension immediately before admission – once and for 7 days. You need to add in a bottle of powder to 60 ml of boiled water, close lid and shake thoroughly. After giving the vial to stand for 5 minutes to dissolve the powder and top up with remaining water to risks on the bottle - in the instruction all is painted in detail. Before each use, the bottle needs to be shaken. Store the suspension should be refrigerated.

In the treatment of "Augmentinom" you can't drink alcohol. In addition, you need to carefully study the list of side effects to understand what you can prepare.

Advice 3: In some cases, taking antibiotics

Antibiotics used to treat bacterial infections. Among all drugs of this type there are tools that are focused on the treatment of common conditions, and on addressing specific symptoms. Antibiotics are strong medicines that should be taken only upon the occurrence of certain diseases.
In some cases, taking antibiotics
Antibiotics is useless to take in the treatment of viral infections. Drugs of this type do not cure colds, flu, most cases of acute bronchitis and sore throat not caused by streptococci. It is useless to use medication in the treatment of the common cold and to treat most known bacterial infections. As a rule, these diseases can be cured by immunity or alternative drugs of other groups.
Before the use of antibiotics be sure to consult your doctor. This is because the use of antibiotics unnecessarily to treat conditions that are not caused by bacteria. Excessive use of media can have a negative impact on the course of the disease and the human immune system. With frequent administration of the drug a particular group of the organism develops resistance, and therefore the effect, if necessary, treatment of this bacterial lesions may be insufficient. In this case, the doctor may need to find an alternative drug that may also be less effective. Thus, you should not use antibiotics without any prior tests.
Antibacterial agents are divided into antibiotics narrow and broad spectrum antibiotics. The broad-spectrum antibiotics ("Ampicillin", "Tetracycline", "Chloramphenicol") appointed, if necessary, therapy for bacterial destruction, which was caused by an unknown type of pathogen. So, this group of drugs used in meningitis or pneumonia when the doctor cannot determine a specific strain of bacteria. Drugs narrow spectrum ("Penicillin", "Oxacillin", "Erythromycin") focused on therapy for specific infections and more effective against some diseases.
Antibiotics are effective against conditions caused by staphylococci, streptococci. Drugs to treat infection, sexually transmitted diseases, infections of the respiratory tract (pneumonia, lung abscess, some bronchitis), septicemia, endocarditis, CNS, peritonitis, pyelonephritis, cystitis, prostatitis, purulent lesions of the skin and mucous membranes. Drugs are able to cope with the diseases of bones and joints (e.g. osteomyelitis), otitis, lesions of the bile ducts and post-operational complications resulting from infection in the surgical process.
Each drug can have its own contraindications and side effects, and therefore before the use of antibiotics should consult a specialist.

Advice 4: How to take a "Amoxiclav"

Antibacterial drug "Amoxiclav" today is widely used for the treatment of various infectious diseases, including the use in oral and maxillofacial surgery, gynecology, dentistry and other medical fields. To the drug gave the most positive effects must be properly taken with the dosage.
How to take a "Amoxiclav"
Indications for use "Amoxiclav" are chronic and acute sinusitis, middle ear infections, retropharyngeal abscesses, chronic bronchitis, periodontitis, urinary tract infections, infections of skin, soft tissues, joints and bones. The drug is also prescribed for prevention of purulent-septic complications after surgical interventions, therapy of mixed infections and treatment of postoperative abdominal infections. Use "Amoxiclav" and in orthopedic/venereal practice. Usually a pill of the drug dissolved in 100 ml of water, and the resulting slurry thoroughly mixed and ingested.
To take this antibiotic can adults and youths and children, body weight is from 100 kg. the Average daily dose "Amoxiclav" should not exceed 1 tablet (375 mg) for 8 hours (receiving three times per day), whereas tablets of 625 mg you need to take two or three times a day. The maximum daily dosage for children should not exceed 45 mg per 1 kg of body weight. Maximum daily dosage allowed adults, is not more than 6000 mg pills "Amoxiclav 2" can be taken only for adults who are suffering serious infections or acute respiratory infections. However, their dosage should be no more than 1 pill per day.
Children from the first days of life and before the age of three "Amoxiclav" you can take a 30 mg/kg/day at regular intervals of time and divided daily dose. From the age of three the drug is prescribed for 25 mg/kg/day, dividing the dose into two administrations every 12 hours with infectious diseases of moderate severity. For otitis media, sinusitis, lower respiratory infections and other complicated infections "Amoxiclav" administered 45 mg/kg/day every 12 hours.
In the presence of renal insufficiency and a creatinine clearance level of up to 10 ml/min (or less) dose of antibiotic it is necessary to adjust or increase the interval between its reception. Before preparing the suspension "Amoxiclav", the bottle must be thoroughly shaken to allow particles of powder separated from its walls and bottom. Then two doses in a vial is added 86 ml of water and again thoroughly shake the medicine after each dilution.
If a pill of the drug is taken as a whole, before swallowing it completely need to chew.
Useful advice
The exact dose of a suspension of this drug for children need to count solely based on the body mass.

Advice 5: Do you need antibiotics for acute respiratory infections

Modern medicine tries not to prescribe antibiotics in case of viral diseases, because they cause considerable damage to the body and prevent it to cope with acute respiratory disease, using natural immunity. However, you should clearly know when antibiotics can be dispensed with, and when their reception is still needed.
Do you need antibiotics for acute respiratory infections
Antibiotics should not be taken in cases such as uncomplicated SARS – nasopharyngitis, rhinitis, viral tonsillitis, bronchitis, conjunctivitis, laryngitis, tracheitis and herpes. If history of SARS are uncomplicated recurrent otitis, rickets, underweight, prolonged low-grade fever, antibiotics are appropriate. It is shown in this case and in the presence of fungal, cancer and autoimmune diseases, birth defects, immunity, dysbiosis, chronic diarrhoea and HIV.
Mandatory antibiotic use in ARI, if in the anamnesis there are suppurative complications such as purulent sinusitis, purulent lymphadenitis, peritonsillar abscess and descending laryngotracheitis. This category includes: streptococcal or anaerobic tonsillitis, acute otitis media, inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, prolonged Muco-purulent rhinitis and atypical pneumonia. In this case, doctors recommend the use of monotherapy – treatment with just one anti-bacterial drug.
Antibiotics in complicated acute respiratory infections should be taken orally, as an intravenous and intramuscular administration is more traumatic and increases the risk of infection. The most preferred antibiotic for treatment of acute respiratory infections are considered "Amoxicillin" because it is better absorbed in the intestinal tract and rarely causes goiter. Acute respiratory infections it is not recommended to use antibacterial drugs on the basis of co-trimoxazole, which has a very high risk of side effects.
The effectiveness of antibiotics for acute respiratory infections is determined by the decrease in body temperature in the first 36-48 hours (it should fall below 38оС). If not used antibiotic is replaced with another drug, not applying the standard antipyretic drug, which can lubricate the picture by the antibiotic. The duration of antibiotic treatment depends on the success of suppress the activity of the virus, in addition, therapy should be continued for several days after the onset of the effect, in order to deal with potential complications. If antibiotic therapy helps weak and plagued by various negative factors, the patient hospitalization.
Antibiotics are also prescribed if ARD occurs more than five times a year and is complicated by various adverse factors.
Useful advice
The use of co-trimoxazole may be justified only in the treatment of patients with acute otitis media.

Advice 6: It is possible to treat a cold with antibiotics

Many people today, for a rapid recovery in a hurry to swallow another batch of antibiotics. They don't even think much about it, and whether to take such drugs due to common head colds.
How to treat a cold
Quite often in self-medication of colds, many have resorted to rather controversial aid - antibiotics, sincerely believing that this medicine will help you to overcome any ailment. Meanwhile, many physicians agree that antibiotic use in uncomplicated colds are not able to speed up the healing process. Sometimes it happens the opposite situation – the acceptance of such funds can cause the development of a number of side-effects or complications. On a background of reception of antibiotics often develops dysbiosis, have an allergic reaction, weakened immune power. In addition, the antibiotics do not have anti-virus nature of the impact, their "target of destruction" - bacteria and influenza is a viral infection.

The better to treat colds

The use of antibiotics in the treatment of colds microscopic. But the side effects - more than enough. In particular, any use of antibiotics contributes to the fact that the body begins to produce certain microorganisms, which are resistant to this form of medication. In the future when you really need antibiotics, they will be difficult to pick up.

At the first sign of the disease should drink immune stimulants in the form of tinctures of Echinacea or other means.
During the first days it is desirable to take such a remedy every two hours, then three times a day.

If you have time to capture the disease at initial stage, it can simply stop. Even with more prolonged inflammatory process, immune stimulants allow you to recover much faster and without complications. But do not relax - some day will have to "obolete" because the body takes time to focus, to destroy the virus.

When there is a rise in temperature, it is possible to use antipyretic drugs such as aspirin, Fervex paracetamol. Although make they should be at a temperature that exceeds 38 degrees. In all other cases, a person creates his own more protracted course of the disease, especially for children. However, the omission of the beginning of SARS, when there are different symptoms, antibacterial therapy may be the only correct method of treatment. While antibiotics should be prescribed only by a doctor after face-to-face inspection and analysis.

When antibiotics are really needed

Prescription of antibacterial agents is shown in the presence of anaerobic tonsillitis, pneumonia, suppurative complications, for example, purulent lymphadenitis, sinusitis, acute otitis media. Also it is advisable to take antibiotics after delivery of the analysis, which showed the bacterial origin of the disease. Taking these drugs can be used due to the development of Muco-purulent rhinitis, which occurs more than ten days.
Uncontrolled reception of antibiotics can result in dysbiosis of the intestine and vagina.

Antibiotic used should be highly active against pathogens of the disease, have directly the effect of the penetration of the infectious lesion, the possibility of excretion and metabolism in multiple ways, and to be absolutely safe for the patient.

Advice 7: Give antibiotics at elevated temperature

Antibiotics at high temperatures is justified only in the presence of a bacterial infection. If the temperature rise caused by viruses, autoimmune reaction, or other causes, antibiotics are not prescribed.
Give antibiotics at elevated temperature
Antibiotics are a large group of substances able to suppress bacteria. Antibacterial drugs used in the treatment of infectious diseases, and with the right selection promotes rapid healing. As you know, many infections cause an increase in temperature, so some patients started on antibiotics at the first sign of fever. The consequences of such self-medication can be allergic reactions, dysbacteriosis and resistance of pathogenic microflora to antibiotics.

If you need the antibiotics at a temperature of

The increase in temperature – a universal reaction of the immune system, which can be caused by microbial and viral infection, tumors, autoimmune diseases. Therefore, antibiotic treatment can not be started due to high temperature and uhudshenie General condition: first need to go to the doctor for statement of the correct diagnosis.

Cough, fever, sore throat – the ordinary symptoms of influenza and SARS, as these diseases 9 out of 10 cases are caused by viruses. The taking antibiotics when a viral infection is useless and even harmful, because it does not bring anything in addition to reducing immune suppression and is useful for human microflora.

Antibiotic treatment bacterial infections

Antibiotics are prescribed in case if virus infection was joined by a bacterial. To determine this yourself is almost impossible, because even the physician may be hindered with the diagnosis because of the similarity of symptoms. However, if the temperature is not reduced within a week or rises again shortly after the onset of the disease, this may indicate a bacterial complication.
High fever can be accompanied by the following diseases:

- a sore throat;

- acute otitis media;

- suppurative complications (purulent lymphadenitis, the downward laryngotracheitis);

- inflammation of the sinuses or sinusitis.

Antibacterial drug for the treatment selected by the doctor according to clinical picture of the disease and the test results. The criterion for the correct choice of antibiotic is a temperature decrease in the first 36 – 48 hours after the start of therapy. If not, the drug change. It is very important not to stop taking the antibiotic early, as this may lead to a relapse or the transition of acute to chronic infection.

Advice 8: Which antibiotic to take scarlet fever

Scarlet fever is an infectious disease characterized by intoxication, fever, profuse petechial rash and sore throat. Doctor sick with scarlet fever prescribed antibiotics penicillin.
Antibiotic scarlet fever

Scarlet fever — causes and symptoms

Scarlet fever causes infectious bacteria "Streptococcus" group A. Apply an air-drop way and settles into the nasopharynx of the patient. Streptococcus develops local inflammatory processes such as otitis media, tonsillitis, lymphadenitis and General intoxication of the organism. Scarlet fever most often affects children from 3 to 10 years. The incubation period lasts 5-7 days.

For scarlet fever is a typical acute onset, the first hours of the disease the body temperature rises to high numbers. Temperature accompanied by headache, tachycardia, malaise, and sometimes abdominal pain. As a result of the intoxication, the patient starts vomiting. There is redness of the tongue, tonsils, soft palate, arches and posterior pharyngeal wall. Have pain when swallowing. On the second and third day a rash appears, which is an important diagnostic sign of scarlet fever. At first, the rash occurs on the face, neck, and then spreads to the flexor surface of the limbs, inner thighs. It should also be noted that scarlet fever in the latter time accompanied by a not very high temperature.

Treatment of scarlet fever

In the treatment of scarlet fever leading role played by antibiotics. Streptococci are sensitive to penicillin group of drugs. In the treatment of disease at home the tablets and capsules in a hospital injection. If the treatment of scarlet fever and penicillin incompatible, prescribe an antibiotic based on erythromycin.

The first-line drugs in the treatment of scarlet fever include injection of Benzathine penicillin G tablets Penicillin-V", "Cefuroxime", "Augmentin". These antibiotics are most effective. For each child dosage is determined individually. To drugs of the second line included the antibiotic "Azithromycin", it is prescribed in case of intolerance to penicillins.

The treatment is done mainly at home. To take antibiotics should be given within 10 days to avoid future rheumatism. Recover from the disease develop immunity for life. The child is contagious the day before the first signs of scarlet fever and in the next two weeks. After a course of antibiotics or during the treatment itself should take measures to prevent goiter. It is also recommended to take vitamins, especially multivitamins and ascorbic acid. Allergies additionally prescribe antihistamines.

Advice 9: What antibiotics used for inflammation of the lymph nodes

Inflammation of the lymph nodes - a sign that the body is suffering from pathogenic microorganisms and their toxins. Touching the affected area causes discomfort and inflammation causes blood or pus. If left untreated, the possible dangerous consequences.
What antibiotics used for inflammation of the lymph nodes
When inflammation of the lymph nodes to self-medicate is dangerous. Suspecting this disease should immediately consult a doctor. First and foremost, you should resolve the underlying disease which was the cause of the inflammation. There is no point in trying to treat the symptoms because relapses will occur more often, and you will feel worse. The number of nodes is a sort of clue to accurate diagnosis.
Treatment inflammation of the lymph nodes is depending on the particular disease. So, if a patient was diagnosed with tuberculosis, to treat it will be anti-TB drugs in combination with a bracing means. If the treatment regimen was chosen correctly, the patient quickly goes on the amendment. Swollen nodes and other symptoms will begin to disappear.
Lymphadenitis can be eliminated in two ways: conservative or operative. For example, to alleviate their condition by applying the ethyl chloride. Spray them periodically lymph node to slightly freeze it. Thus, the pathological process in the lymph node could be stopped. You can also use the heparin or boric ointment. When it is necessary to open the abscess or adenolipoma, only an operation will help. It is usually performed under local anesthesia.
At the initial stage the inflammation of lymph nodes responds well to treatment with antibiotics. Their timely acceptance allows you to stop the process of inflammation. The most effective drugs: "Amoxiclav", "resorption", "Ceftriaxone", "Amoxicillin", "Ampicillin". The course of treatment with antibiotics lasts usually two weeks. By the end of the medication, the patient noted a dramatic improvement of the General condition of the body. Lymph nodes are reduced, the inflammation process stops and recovery begins. This is a distinctive feature of antibiotics.
Before prescribing antibiotics, the doctor performs a preliminary analysis limfouzly, and determines the sensitivity to the drugs. Additionally, you will need to donate blood. Sometimes the doctor makes a referral for a CT scan, x-rays or a biopsy of the lymph node. It allows us to determine the correct treatment regimen of antibacterial drugs, and to detect dangerous diseases.
In the case of inflammation of the lymph nodes in any case be self-medicate. Only a doctor can prescribe taking certain drugs. You only need to closely monitor changes in his body and the time to report them to the attending specialist.
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