Why lymph nodes become inflamed?
Lymph nodes act as filter in the human body, cleansing the lymph from harmful substances and form antibodies, lymph and phagocytes. They are also responsible for the balance of interstitial fluid, evenly distributing it between the lymph and blood, and are actively involved in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates.
When a person is sick, a release greater than normal number of lymphocytes to combat infection. They gather in the lymph nodes and operate in emergency mode. In this regard, swelling of the lymph nodes, located near the site of the damage.
The reasons for the increase of the lymph nodes under the arms
The most common causes of swollen lymph nodes are common cold and diseases of ENT-organs, viral infections (measles, chickenpox), breast in women, excessive sweating in which bacteria accumulate under the armpits. The last symptom is particularly prevalent in patients with diabetes.
There are other causes of inflammation of axillary lymph nodes: skin diseases (psoriasis, eczema, etc.), immunodeficiency state (in the presence of HIV in the body swollen lymph nodes – one of the first symptoms) of infectious diseases – tularemia, tuberculosis, etc., rheumatic and oncological diseases - breast cancer, lymphoma. The latter is especially dangerous because lymph node enlargement is not accompanied by pain because the urgent visit to the doctor is still needed.
How to treat inflammation of the lymph nodes?
Treatment inflammation of the lymph nodes depends on its nature. If this is a common disease, the treatment will initially be aimed at its elimination. For local effects on the lymph nodes can be used conservative treatment, the essence of which – in the suppression of the microbial source of infection and the lymph node. For this purpose, various antibacterial drugs (streptocid, nitrofuran).
When too much inflammation is used to drain foci of infection (if they have accumulated pus). Of course, in any case, it is necessary to strengthen the immune system. With this purpose used not only pharmaceutical preparations and vitamin complexes, but also recipes of traditional medicine. This, for example, tincture of calendula (or marigold and tansy), Echinacea purpurea, unrefined sunflower oil. Latest recommend to use in the morning on an empty stomach and at night before bedtime. This procedure helps to cleanse the lymph.