Advice 1: How to learn to ride a manual transmission

To learn how to ride a mechanical box for many novice drivers seems impossible. However, the ability to cope with the "mechanics" - this is the cornerstone of your driving skill. Let's consider the most popular misconceptions and mistakes that prevent to become competent in driving the vehicle.
How to learn to ride a manual transmission
Manual transmission hard to start
It is difficult to move just because you hardly feel the car. Getting traffic is a combination of several actions that must be performed sequentially. While the legs also can not work simultaneously in squeezing/wringing of the pedals. Hence the constant twitching at the start. Don't neglect the tachometer readings. Right the momentum will allow you to smoothly move and go.
Don't know how to switch gears
While driving to increase speed you need to shift gears. Many do not know at what point you need to go to a higher or lower speed. Each gear corresponds to the speed cut. The first speed is needed to start movement or very slow movement, for example, in traffic. After starting you need a little Rev, and immediately switch to the second. After follow the instrument panel. When the arrow will come closer to 30-40 km/h, switch to third. After 50 km/h in fourth gear turn. The inclusion of fifth gear on different cars can vary from 80 to 100 km/h.
On "slot machine" to travel easier
In a car with automatic transmission is easier to drive really. The period of learning and adaptation on the road is markedly reduced. Automatically safer to ride in traffic, because foot rest. But winter driving on this car can be greatly complicated by weather conditions. A car with a manual transmission is easier to withdraw from an uncontrolled skidding or demolition. Because you can work the clutch and brake the engine. But if you get stuck in the snow, rocking the car with automatic transmission is much more complicated.
Manual transmission gives you more options for precise control
Fans of the "mechanics" the main advantage I think the greatest opportunity to drive yourself. You can choose the right speed for overclocking, not to wait until the system switches itself. Manual transmission provides more opportunities for fast, dynamic ride. It is not just all racing cars equipped with "mechanics". And most importantly – if you are familiar with a manual transmission, you will not be afraid of no problem. Life is different, and sometimes contrary to the desires or the situation, to drive with a manual transmission. And if people never did that, he'll have on the road is very, very difficult.
In this regard, most people seeks to get a driver's license and learn to drive a car. That is why you should pay attention to the fact that in practical driving, it is important to learn to ride in a car with a manual transmission, because you'll be able to become a more professional driver and really feel of the iron horse.

Advice 2: How to learn to ride a car

Study in a driving school does not guarantee that you will learn how to professionally drive a car. You will be given a theoretical and practical base of knowledge with which the first days on the road will be very difficult. Improving skills should be carried out with someone experienced that can point out mistakes and teach the design elements and the technical details.
How to learn to ride a car
Join the road every day. Unless you have muscle memory, you need to roll more hours of driving. It may even be trolling around a deserted Parking lot or a leisurely ride along a country road. Your goal is to get used to the car, to automate the acceleration, braking, straight line path of movement, to get used to the machine dimensions.
Get rid of psychological clips and fears. Your lack of confidence causes mistakes and resentment of other road users. Hang on your rear window sign "the student behind the wheel" (exclamation point in yellow square). For other drivers it would be a sign that you do not need to do sharp maneuvers and transitions, zooming in response to your slowness. If at some point you feel that losing control over the situation, activate the alarm and pull over. Take rest, think and take the road.
Learn to predict the actions of the members of the movement. You should always keep under control everything that happens around your car. The car in front you have to count on two forwards. If there's a truck that blocked the view, outrun it or move on. Otherwise there may be a situation when a car going in the front, dramatically rebuilt before the arisen obstacle, and you do not have time.
The most difficult students call work with a manual transmission and rebuild in heavy traffic. Mastering the "mechanics" requires more time, but the driving pleasure you get is also greater. Plus the manual gearbox is more comfortable and safer in the winter. Rebuilding in heavy traffic requires the driver feelings of speed and distance. You have to learn to accelerate to the speed of the flow, hold it and regroup at a safe distance.

Advice 3: How to learn to start the car

Getting traffic is the most difficult thing in the beginning of learning to drive a car. But the first time is rarely possible to achieve smooth running. If you understand the principle and to learn to feel the engine work, it turns out, there is nothing complicated.
How to learn to start the car
To drive in a car with a manual transmission – the first element that begin to fulfill the students at the driving school. And really, in another way. But here starts the first problem – the machine twitches, hums and stalls. But, if done correctly and consistently, and you will cease to notice how went.
On cars with manual gearbox to start the movement is necessary to squeeze the clutch, engage first speed, and, pressing the clutch pedal to press the gas pedal. Like anything complex. Now analyze in detail all the errors.
When you start to press the gas pedal, the clutch pedal you need to gradually let go. But happens so that the clutch continues to hold, fueling and increasing the speed, or dramatically drop, not starting motion and the engine stalls.
Follow the tachometer. You can start a little povazovat, watching the arrow. You need to understand what value of the tachometer is sufficient speed in order for the car started.
The clutch and gas to squeeze simultaneously, with the same force. If you suddenly feel that the clutch pressed too much, again press the pedal. Your main task – to move smoothly and not stall. Don't need much gas. If you give a lot of gas, and the clutch pedal must be pressed very quickly. And touched you with slip.
You need not to miss the moment when will be recruited the required speed, the machine will begin to make the leap. Grip down almost to the end. But a little bit keep until the car will pass a couple of meters. And only then can we let go of the clutch completely.
To understand in what place you can loosen the clutch pedal will help a simple exercise. Turn on first speed. The gas pedal not press. Start slowly release the clutch pedal. At some point, the car slowly moved. But you need to remember in which position the clutch pedal the car starts moving.

Advice 4: How to learn to drive on the mechanics

Most Russian drivers are owners of cars with manual transmission (MT). In most driving schools, the training of driving on such vehicles. Therefore, there is the problem of how to learn to drive a car with a manual transmission.
How to learn to drive on the mechanics
The first thing you have to understand the box system. In a mechanical box, typically 5 levels, which are numbered. Gear shifting takes place while pressing the clutch pedal. So first you need to learn how to properly and time to shift gears. Not a factory car, you need to get behind the wheel and for one hour to methodically switch gears for such a scheme: "clutch - transmission - clutch - next gear" and so on until the last stage. We must not forget that during the shift it is necessary to hold down the clutch pedal, otherwise the switch will not work.
The next step is to learn to understand when to shift gears while driving. The signal for switching is the engine speed. Either by sound or by tach, it is necessary to track the engine speed. Experienced drivers determine the time of switching from the lower to the upper only by the sound. The smaller the engine size, the faster the moment of switching. In that case, if the speed must be reduced, then at the right moment when the revs are at the bottom of the indicators for the tachometer, you need to switch the box into a lower gear. Otherwise the transmission will be increased wear.
As soon as a new driver will understand the basics of gear, it is necessary to automate the process of shifting. This would be the best time of the weekend, when the roads are more loose and while driving it is possible to slow down the speed and to accelerate in using mechanical gearboxes. Also this can be useful for traffic jams when the driver needs to work quickly shift the lowest gear.
Useful advice
All manual gearboxes there is a neutral position. Unlike the rest of the gear, riding on it is impossible. But, if you put a neutral stage and release the clutch pedal, the engine does not stall. This is very useful when driving in city traffic where you have to stand at traffic lights and in traffic, relieving tension from the feet.

Advice 5: How to ride the machine

Cars with automatic transmission firmly entered the lives of motorists due to the ease in management. Although many owners of cars with manual transmission claim that there is nothing safer and more convenient, more and more drivers are switching on the car with automatic transmission. Most driving schools despite changes in the legislation, allowing to obtain a special license to drivers of cars with automatic transmission, continue to train their clients to travel only on mechanics. So many, buying a car with automatic transmission, don't know how to ride the machine.
How to ride the machine


The beginning of the movement when riding in a car with automatic transmission

As a car mechanic to drive a car with a gun, you need to start and warm up engine. The colder it is outside, the more time you must wait before driving.

It is important to remember that to start the car with the automatic transmission only when the gear lever in neutral position N or P.

To start, you should switch to the appropriate mode. To drive forward - put the lever in D, backward. Press gas it should only once felt a slight jolt, signifying that the machine was removed from "neytralke".

It is also important not to forget to remove the car from the hand brake.

How to drive a car with a gun: pedal

In car with automatic transmission, unlike cars with a manual transmission has two pedals: gas and brake. Control the machine only need one foot, holding it on the gas pedal. The other leg at this time must be to the left of the brake on a special stand. Otherwise, in the event of road hazard and need to brake you can press the gas pedal coasting. To brake in a car with automatic transmission, remove the foot off the gas and push down on the brake pedal.

How to drive on cars with automatic: transmission

The automatic transmission has several modes.

When the lever is in position R, the drive wheels and the shaft is locked. This mode is used when parked and long stops. Switch to parking should be only after a full stop. To translate the lever in this position, you need to hold the brake. If you include P while driving the car with a gun, a car can break.

If car put in Park on a relatively flat surface, using the handbrake can be optional. If the slope is steep, then removing the load on the mechanisms of auto you can optionally use the handbrake.

To put the car with a gun in P mode with the handbrake, proceed as follows:

- press on the brake, pull the Parking brake;

to release the brake (the car can slightly pull);

- press brake and put the lever in R.

To play with handbrake, you need to switch the box mode of motion, and then release the handbrake while holding the brake.

To turn back on the machine with the machine, it is necessary to completely stop the car and hold the brake, move the gear lever to R position.

A lot of controversy among those who do not know how to ride on the machine, about the situation of N.

This mode is used to move the machine short distances, for example, in the service, with the engine running. Many believe that when coasting downhill to save gas, including neutral, but it is not. As at the end of the slope, you must again turn on the engine, and this gives additional load on the box. Also, do not put the car in N when stopping, e.g. at traffic lights.

To ride the machine at any speed, you need to use the mode D.

On a bad road or when towing the car it is possible to include box in position 2. This will allow you to switch the car to the transmission higher than the second.

If you are going to disperse the car up to 80 km/h, then use limit gear is not recommended.

If road conditions do not allow travel at a speed more than 15 km/h, you can include ReDim L, then the car will only go in first gear.

In cars with a gun might have a special mode OverDrive (O/D). If this button is recessed, the vehicle may switch on the fourth speed. Such a regime need to move on protracted climbs and overtaking, when you need quick acceleration.

On cars with automatic transmission there is also a mode kik-Daun. It is enabled if there is a sharp press on the gas pedal. Thanks to this, the machine is sharply accelerated, however, moving from the spot, to use this function is not recommended.

In SNOW mode it is convenient to travel in the winter. With this mode, the machine starts moving with the second speed, which reduces slippage.

Thus, to ride a machine simply. The main thing - practice.


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