To determine the cause of the diarrhea pass the necessary tests. Start with the analysis of a feces on a dysbacteriosis. It can be used to estimate the ratio of the useful, opportunistic and pathogenic microorganisms. Decrease the concentration of lactobacilli, bifidobacteria, Escherichia coli, increased proliferation of enterobacteria, staphylococci, clostridia, fungi, Proteus and other microbes leads to the disruption of the balance and, consequently, diarrhea.
It will also be helpful to take specialized analysis for intestinal infections. The cause may be dysentery, rotavirus infection, salmonellosis, yersiniosis.
The following two analyses will identify the presence of parasites in the body, they are especially important for children, pet owners and lovers of river fish. Hand over a feces on eggs a worm and Giardia, as well as blood for antibodies to worms — Toxocara, Trichinella, tapeworm, opisthorchiasis. Worms can cause diarrhea and vomiting if they are in the body a lot, they cause toxicity and inflammation of intestines.
In some diseases, e.g., hepatitis, acute appendicitis, nervous tension and stress accelerates peristalsis of the intestine and may cause diarrhea. To exclude these diseases, your feces for hepatitis A, take a blood test for hepatitis b and C. Constant symptom of appendicitis is acute pain in the lower abdomen or in the right side, with her appearance should immediately call the doctors.
Chronic diarrhea, where feces are buttery in texture, with undigested pieces of food, poorly washed from the walls of the toilet, talking about dysfunction and pancreatic insufficiency of digestion. Make sure you coprology, which will allow the detection of undigested muscle fibers, elastase and diagnosis of pancreatitis.
Help to find the cause of diarrhea is also common and biochemical blood test for liver enzymes and pancreas. Yellow diarrhea, nausea, vomiting — symptoms of the second stage of hepatic insufficiency, it is important to learn about the disease and begin treatment.
Get an ultrasound of the liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen. Different abnormalities and disorders of the gastrointestinal tract often lead to disturbances in the intestines.
If using the above listed tests failed to make the correct diagnosis, try to check the thyroid gland — increased hormones (hyperthyroidism) in some cases, can also cause prolonged diarrhea. Another possible cause is neuro-psychiatric disorders in which there is irritable bowel syndrome.