To determine the cause of the diarrhea pass the necessary tests. Start with the analysis of a feces on a dysbacteriosis. It can be used to estimate the ratio of the useful, opportunistic and pathogenic microorganisms. Decrease the concentration of lactobacilli, bifidobacteria, Escherichia coli, increased proliferation of enterobacteria, staphylococci, clostridia, fungi, Proteus and other microbes leads to the disruption of the balance and, consequently, diarrhea.
It will also be helpful to take specialized analysis for intestinal infections. The cause may be dysentery, rotavirus infection, salmonellosis, yersiniosis.
The following two analyses will identify the presence of parasites in the body, they are especially important for children, pet owners and lovers of river fish. Hand over a feces on eggs a worm and Giardia, as well as blood for antibodies to worms — Toxocara, Trichinella, tapeworm, opisthorchiasis. Worms can cause diarrhea and vomiting if they are in the body a lot, they cause toxicity and inflammation of intestines.
In some diseases, e.g., hepatitis, acute appendicitis, nervous tension and stress accelerates peristalsis of the intestine and may cause diarrhea. To exclude these diseases, your feces for hepatitis A, take a blood test for hepatitis b and C. Constant symptom of appendicitis is acute pain in the lower abdomen or in the right side, with her appearance should immediately call the doctors.
Chronic diarrhea, where feces are buttery in texture, with undigested pieces of food, poorly washed from the walls of the toilet, talking about dysfunction and pancreatic insufficiency of digestion. Make sure you coprology, which will allow the detection of undigested muscle fibers, elastase and diagnosis of pancreatitis.
Help to find the cause of diarrhea is also common and biochemical blood test for liver enzymes and pancreas. Yellow diarrhea, nausea, vomiting — symptoms of the second stage of hepatic insufficiency, it is important to learn about the disease and begin treatment.
Get an ultrasound of the liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen. Different abnormalities and disorders of the gastrointestinal tract often lead to disturbances in the intestines.
If using the above listed tests failed to make the correct diagnosis, try to check the thyroid gland — increased hormones (hyperthyroidism) in some cases, can also cause prolonged diarrhea. Another possible cause is neuro-psychiatric disorders in which there is irritable bowel syndrome.
Advice 2: How to get tested for worms
It is an unpleasant disease – infection (invasion) parasites. Often it is particularly concerned about children who are dragged into the mouth of the dirty objects and dirty fingers. To get rid of this scourge, there are effective medicines and strict hygiene. However, first you need to accurately diagnose parasitic infestation is to hand over the analysis on worms (helminths).
You will need
- Clean container with lid
- Glue, paper and pen for labels
- Sticky tape and bits of glass
- The direction of the blood
Turn on analysis of the feces for the detection of worms in it these parasites lay eggs. To obtain reliable data it is recommended to buy in a drugstore a special one-time capacity-a container with an airtight lid and spoon made of plastic. You can also use small clean jar (e.g. baby food), screw down tightly. Stick to the capacity of paper (purchased container it already is) and indicate on it the name and the time of analysisand for worms.
Do scraping on enterobiasis (pinworm infection). Such analysis is easy to do for small children at home. Remove the swab and the specialist directly in the laboratory, however, a child this process usually causes the resistance. Early in the morning, moisten a clean cotton swab with water and wipe with baby perianal folds. Immediately after this place the smear in a clean container.
You can also stick to the anus a piece of adhesive tape of cellophane, quickly remove it and place between two sterile glass slides (set of panes and films will give you in the clinic). It is recommended to conduct such test 2-3 times at intervals of 3-5 days.
Give blood for determination of helminthes. Sometimes detect parasites previous methods fail, the doctor may advise additional research on blood concentrations of immunoglobulins - molecules which struggle with toxins and pathogens. The result of the analysis ofa blood will allow the doctor to determinewhat type of worms parasite in your body. After this, you will prescribe the appropriate treatment.
You will have to be tested for worms, if you will not abide by strict hygiene rules. Thoroughly wash children's toys and furniture; wash and iron on two sides underwear; change it every day; short cut nails – they become the center of parasite eggs.
Every 10-30 days after treatment of parasitic infestation repeat twice tests for worms; then (a few months) monitor the possible re-infection of worms.