The procedure of crushing of stones in the ureter, kidney, urinary bladder is called lithotripsy. Stones in the body can take a variety of shapes, have sharp edges, which prevents them from passing through the urinary system and go outside. For this calculus (stone) you need to break up into small pieces so he didn't pokereval wall of bodies in the aisle.
Distinguish contact and non-contact lithotripsy. In the first case, the patient undergoes abdominal surgery and use of endoscopic equipment and remove calculus. When non-contact method uses ultrasonic and electromagnetic waves. Using them is crushed stone. Before the event is necessary for the patient to undergo x-ray and ultrasound to precisely locate the stones. The advantage of contactless method is: no need for abdominal surgery for the extraction of stones of small and medium sized, short recovery period, no complications.
Lithotripsy is best for people with stones in the urinary tract, as well as those who have often observed renal colic. Before the procedure you must pass the following tests: General blood and urine tests, chest x-rays, blood sugar, HIV and syphilis, ultrasound of kidneys, ureter and pelvis. Patient is prescribed a special diet before lithotripsy. The day before the intervention it is necessary to free the bowel from feces and prevent gas.
To eliminate the pain and relieve the patient from the excitement, he injected an anesthetic and sedative drug. The patient is placed on the operating table. Before that you need to take off all your clothes. Using ultrasound, the doctor determines the exact location of the stone. Then brings him a cushion of water, which carries out strikes a special device. The patient at this time may feel tingling or mild pain. During crushing on the monitor screen monitored the whole process. The procedure is performed, until the stone will not crumble to such particles, which can freely exit through the urinary tract.
The doctor before the procedure is mandatory to explain the method of operation, why it is needed and what feelings will test the patient.
To avoid blockage of the channels will help correct therapy. A doctor prescribes diuretics, painkillers, antibiotics.