The liver is the biggest gland in the human body, which extremely important role. In it occur the breakdown and excretion of substances harmful to human health, the synthesis of hormones and some blood components. Liver failure (in other words, liver failure) can develop for quite a long time, and relatively quickly. In the first case we are talking about chronic failure in the second – about the acute failure.
Chronic liver failure develops in the majority of cases due to cirrhosis of the liver resulting from regular ingestion of harmful substances (e.g., alcohol abuse, work with dangerous substances, taking any drugs). Acute insufficiency may arise from serious infectious diseases (e.g., hepatitis) or liver poisonous substance, including prescription medication.
In chronic cases the symptoms appear gradually. The person feels weakness, then pain in right abdomen, often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite and apathy. The skin and whites of the eyes of the sick person can take a noticeable yellowish tint. When liver failure may also experience reddening of the palms, skin itching, increase the volume of the stomach. Often swelling, especially noticeable in the morning. With such signs it is necessary to consult a specialist and pass the examination of the body. Liver disease can be diagnosed based on ultrasound, and biochemical blood analysis. If the diagnosis "liver cirrhosis", it is necessary to exclude alcohol, stop Smoking and strictly follow a diet, eliminating fatty, spicy and salty food, avoid physical stress and nervous stress.
In acute failure, the patient's condition deteriorates, there is a noticeable reduction of blood clotting and brain function (encephalopathy). In the most severe cases, it comes to loss of consciousness and the refusal of some internal organs (kidney, lung, heart), opening of bleeding from the nose, gums and anus. In such a situation to save a person almost impossible, even in case of immediate resuscitation.
Advice 2: What are the signs of liver enlargement
Hepatomegaly is a symptom, which manifests itself not only in the case of liver cirrhosis, but because of the large loads on this on. To recognize a slight enlargement of the liver itself is almost impossible, while in the acute stage swelling of the liver causes a number of characteristic manifestations.
Enlargement of the liver or hepatomegaly is an alarming symptom, indicating that the liver is susceptible to damage due to the presence of a disease. In fact, hepatomegaly is observed in severe liver diseases, including the development of cirrhosis, and failure of this organ, and in cases when the body is vulnerable to infectious disease and the increase in size is a consequence of the work of this body by filtering out toxins produced by the bacteria.
Depending on the degree of increase in the liver and also the specifics of the disease that caused these changes, the main manifestations can be different. The liver of a healthy person on palpation feels soft, and when examined, not feelings tenesmus. At the initial stage of enlarged liver on palpation feels firm and when pressed, the person experiences a mild discomfort. A slight enlargement of the liver is not a cause for concern, especially if there is accompanying catarrhal disease.
In case of serious liver diseases, including cirrhosis of increase liver is more pronounced. In this case, liver tissue swell, significantly increasing in size. On palpation the liver is hard and painful. In case of strong swelling of the liver causes the patient discomfort, as a feeling of the presence of a foreign object under the ribs on the right side. In addition, there may occur a sharp pain with movements of the body.
Strong hepatomegalia has symptoms. There is a slight swelling in the upper abdomen. Patient pain nausea, an unpleasant breath, possible heartburn. Frequent symptoms of the skin, including the appearance of a petechial rash, peeling of the skin and severe itching. With prolonged neglect hepatomegaly ascites develops. This phenomenon is characterized by fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity. Fluid stands out due to the fact that increased in size and having a dense structure of the liver presses on the vessels which leads to the excretion of fluids. Fluid in the abdomen not infrequently serves as a factor for the beginning of peritonitis, so we can say that the increase in the liver triggers a number of diseases.
The main symptoms increase in the liver occur only in the acute form. In this case shows the treatment under the supervision of a physician. To determine the degree of disorders of the liver made blood tests, which keep track of whether the liver produces proteins enzymes.
Hepatomegalia is the deviation, which can long time not to have florid manifestations. In most cases, swelling of the liver goes away after you correct the underlying disease, but with liver disease for example cirrhosis, is required addressed to the treatment of this disease.
Advice 3: What are the signs when sick kidney
The kidneys perform in the body a very important function: output products of metabolism, toxins and wastes. Therefore, whether normally they work, depends largely on the health and even life. Unfortunately, there are many diseases of kidney: congenital and acquired.
What can testify to the pain in the lower back or sides
A person should know the main features, indicating that kidney treatment is required to promptly seek medical attention. Extremely strong pain in my lower side back, persisting in trying to find a comfortable position, often "radiating" to the groin, almost certainly indicates the attack of renal colic. This is due to the kidney stones, when a stone formed in the kidney, budge and injures the nerve fibers of the renal tissue. At the same time it provokes a strong spasm of smooth muscles.
"Pulling" pain in the lower back, often combined with fever, nausea, vomiting, and increased urination can indicate diseases such as pyelonephritis. If the pain is accompanied by a visible change in the color of urine (from yellow-brown to reddish), especially if the urine visible blood veins, clots, most likely, this is caused by the glomerulonephritis.
There is still a lot of kidney diseases, up to cancer. It is therefore necessary to make a rule: when the pain in the lower back or side, which cannot be explained by objective reasons (e.g. injury or physical overexertion), should immediately contact the doctor. The same should be done if urination becomes too fast or too rare, and also with a marked change in the form of urine.
What changes in appearance may indicate kidney disease
The need to check kidneys, can indicate swelling of the body and face, dark circles under the eyes, pale skin, fatigue. Bruising can also indicate problems with the kidneys. About the disease can signal weak, dull hair, brittle nails, the smell of urea from the mouth. If a person has high blood pressure, also can't hurt to check the kidneys. When the above symptoms should consult a urologist to do an ultrasound and urography of the kidneys and also take a urine sample and blood.
In children and adolescents symptoms of kidney disease is almost similar to symptoms in adults. Only very young children, under the age of 1-2 years with kidney problems may indicate bedwetting (enuresis), as well as a noticeable increase in the abdomen. With these symptoms the child should definitely see a doctor.