Advice 1: How to determine liver disease

The main purpose of the liver is to clean the body of toxins. Impairment of this function leads to intoxication, which prevents normal blood clotting, and increases vascular permeability, leading to edema of the brain.
How to determine liver disease
Instruction
1
The most well-known symptom of liver disease is a yellow color of the skin, called jaundice, where the yellow is not only the skin but also internal organs. In diseases such as infectious and toxic hepatitis or dystrophy, there is a loss of the hepatic parenchyma, causing liver cells lose the ability to excrete bilirubin. As a result, the bile enters the blood via the lymphatic ducts. Fabrics are dyed, and begins jaundice.
2
Another well-known symptom of the disease is a light clay color stool. It appears from the lack of bile in the intestine. Its presence contributes to increased peristalsis, and since the bile is not there, one of the following symptoms of liver disease is constipation, as well as the putrid smell of faeces.
3
Circulates through the blood, the bile poisons the whole body. Patients feel fatigued, they have headaches, the mood is spoiled. With long-term jaundice, because the bile irritates the nerve endings, there is a strong itching. In addition, the urine becomes of dark brown color, and its foam – yellow because the bile is excreted in the urine. Getting on underwear, the urine leaves a stain greenish-yellow.
4
Symptom development of liver cirrhosis is the appearance of ascites, or dropsy of the abdomen, when atrophy of the hepatic tissue, and connective tissue grows and thickens. At the same time in other parts of the body swelling did not appear.
5
Pain in the right hypochondrium and a feeling of heaviness indicate problems in the liver, it may be inflammation of internal organs. On palpation the patient feels the pain.
6
Neurasthenia is often a manifestation of intoxication. Moreover, there are two variant manifestations of this syndrome. Some patients become irritable, aggression in behavior, while others get tired quickly, become suspicious and easily offended. Those and other disturbed sleep, increased blood pressure, there is dizziness, palpitation, and disorder of the sexual sphere.
7
With liver disease may experience bleeding diathesis. It is manifested in various bleeding, and rashes on the skin. This happens due to lower blood clotting as impaired formation of prothrombin and fibrinogen. As a consequence, also damaged capillary vessels, which can occasionally occur bleeding from the nose.
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Depending on the type of liver disease may experience the following symptoms: nausea, vomiting (sometimes with blood), constipation or, conversely, diarrhea, frequent urination, dizziness, weakness, lack of appetite, sudden changes in body temperature (39-40 ° C to normal temperature) for several hours.

Advice 2: How to know about liver disease

The liver is the main organ that flows through all the poisons and toxins, or otherwise entering the body. In addition, performs one of the leading roles in the digestive system, General metabolism and regulation of proteins, fats, carbohydrates and amino acids. The liver takes the full attack of harmful substances, processes all the necessary nutrients bile and delivers them in a clear form in the intestines.
How to know about liver disease
You will need
  • - to go to the doctor;
  • - passing necessary examinations.
Instruction
1
About diseases of this organ can be judged by circumstantial evidence, as in the structure of the liver has no nerve endings and for that reason ill she can't.
2
Pain may appear only at the last stage of cancer or cirrhosis of the liver can no longer do their job. And the pain only indicates that the metastasis was struck by neighbouring authorities. Also the pain could indicate gall stones or pain pancreas but not the liver, as when ingested large amounts of harmful substances, the liver suffers and is silent.
3
About disease of the liver you can judge by gray or yellowish color of the face, sometimes the face becomes very pale in color. The skin of the whole body can be very dry or very oily. Also often present allergies, hair thinning and fall hard, age spots appear, there is a yellow tint whites of the eyes, skin itching, plagued by colds and viral diseases. Can legs swell, the belly becomes large due to the large amount of water in the abdominal cavity, there is insomnia, irritability, pimples, tongue is covered with white, yellow or gray coating. Very often disturbed digestion, appear chronic constipation or chronic diarrhea, heartburn, concerned about the heaviness in the right hypochondrium, the overcrowding of the gastrointestinal tract, bitter taste in the mouth.
4
If you have at least two of the above symptoms, contact your physician and get a referral to a hepatologist-a gastroenterologist. Depending on the patient's complaints, the doctor will prescribe one of the types of tests: abdominal ultrasound, CT scan liver scintigraphy, sensing or biopsy. Most reliable results of the liver biopsy provides only. Based on this survey possible to make an accurate diagnosis and to appoint adequate therapy. The biopsy done in a hospital by experienced specialists under local anesthesia by means of puncture and withdrawal of material from the liver.
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Any liver disease lead to the inability of the authority to perform its primary role of protecting all organs from the toxins, toxins and carcinogens. As a consequence, may develop diabetes, obesity, pancreatitis, cardiovascular disease, cholelithiasis, severe allergies, etc.
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For a successful recovery except the primary treatment, follow a diet, refrain from fried, spicy food, alcoholic beverages. All the food cook for a couple. Eat fractional and often.

Advice 3: How to determine liver hurts or not

The liver is very large and very important digestive gland. Its mass is about 1, 5 kg. the Liver is involved in metabolic processes and accumulation in the body of various substances. It promotes the production of bile, synthesizes proteins and vitamins and also transforms the toxins into safe substances.
How to determine liver hurts or not
Instruction
1
Liver diseases are characterized by a dull aching sensation or heaviness in the right hypochondrium. These pains are of a continuing nature throughout the day, aggravated by physical exertion, driving, eating fats, fried or spicy food and settle down at rest.
2
Such pain is transmitted to the right shoulder blade, the back can be felt in the right side of the neck. They are accompanied by nausea, vomiting, belching, heartburn, flatulence, bloating and bitter taste in the mouth.
3
For liver disease may include muscle weakness, fatigue, lethargy, irritability, reduced efficiency, intolerance to fats, and appetite disorders.
4
Often there are headaches, even a tendency to syncope. Sometimes the skin slight bleeding. In women can happen menstrual cycle, men face problems with potency.
5
During liver disease sometimes you can observe the appearance of yellow skin tone. Simultaneously, the presence of dark color urine and discoloration of feces. On the background of jaundice, especially prolonged, develops itchy skin, indicating that the increase in blood volume of the components of bile.
6
The most severe diffuse disease of the liver is cirrhosis of the liver. Among the external symptoms of the disease may be noted malaise, poor sleep, weakness. Periodically manifested jaundice, itching and bleeding in the skin. A sick person loses weight due to violation of digestion and absorption.

Very often on the skin can be observed the expansion of small blood vessels. The skin of the palms is red, men grow Breasts. For liver cirrhosis characterized by pain in the right hypochondrium, enlargement and bloating.
Useful advice
Often a liver disease occur with just noticeable clinical symptoms, but the complication can bear a huge threat to human health and even life. So if any suspicion of liver disease or to prevent their development seek the advice of a physician, if necessary, go ultrasound examination, computed tomography or laparoscopy.

Some of the disease are generally asymptomatic (steatosis of the liver, hemangioma) and are detected only during ultrasound enlarged liver.

Advice 4: How to identify the disease by the color of the chair

Feces (stool) is the contents of the distal large intestine that is released during defecation. It consists of the remnants of digested food, residues of digestive juices, micro-organisms (95% of which is dead), water. Texture, color and volume depend on a number of factors: diet, fluid intake, medications, and diseases. For initial determination of physico-chemical properties of feces use scatological study.
How to identify the disease by the color of the chair

The color of stool is normal



The color of stool varies with age. It depends on the differences in the diet of the infant (infants on artificial feeding and natural also have differences in the color of feces) and adult, as well as from changes in the digestive system.

The first stool of the infant is meconium. He has greenish-black color. In fact it is the mucous plug, which contains a large amount of bilirubin, which gives the rock a greenish tint.

The color of stool baby being breastfed, gold, can be yellow-green (also in connection with the admixture of bilirubin), air cal can be oxidized and green. A baby being bottle-fed, the stool will be pale yellow or light brown.

Chair older children will be normal dark brown, without impurities mucus or blood (hue depends on food intake or medication).

Chair healthy adult will not differ from a chair in older children. The color will be different shades of brown (the brown color gives the stool bile pigments). The use of different products also affect the color of stool: milk give a lighter, cold – dark, vegan diet is greenish.

Drugs affect chair color: charcoal, bismuth, iron give a black color, some antibiotics – Golden-yellow. In infants iron can give a reddish education in Calais, which will be similar to the admixture of blood.

The color of feces depending on the diseases



When you reduce the amount of bile pigments in the faeces may be grayish-white, sand.

Blood from the stomach will give the feces a black color, reddish he will be bleeding from the lower divisions of the intestine, and red blood on the surface of the stool appears with hemorrhoidal bleeding. Blood appears in dysentery.

Grayish-yellow stool can be with pancreatitis.

Chair grey in colour, and later in the development of the disease is a colorless and watery with cholera. It outwardly resembles rice water.

The color of the chair with Salmonella depends on the form of the disease. Often reminiscent of "swamp slime" - a slimy, greenish. The same color of chair can be found in rotavirus infection.

Visible pus appears when ulcerative lesions of the colon. Inflammatory diseases of the colon on the surface of the stool appears clumps or strands of mucus.

The color of the stool to determine the disease is very difficult, because you need to consider a number of other factors, but changes in the color (and consistency) should be alerted and to give a reason to visit a doctor and to pass feces for coprological study.

Collection of feces for coprological study



You need to be able to collect the feces for research. If the stool will be guaiac blood, a couple of days before collection need to stop eating fish and meat, the teeth are not cleaned, and rinsing with mouthwash in order to avoid traumatizing the gums. 4-5 days to stop taking drugs that affect the color of the chair, not giving enemas and rectal suppositories.

In the collected stool should not be impurities of urine and water. Utensils for studies should be clean and dry.

Collection should be from several locations serving chair.

Collect possible carry out the day before and store the feces in a sealed container in the refrigerator.
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