The term "euthanasia" was not Greek roots: Hellenic warriors finished off on the battlefield of his mortally wounded comrades to end their suffering. The wounded had to die with a smile on his lips – it was called "to die like Ellen". Widely known practice of killing children with deviations from the norm in ancient Sparta. There is evidence of ethnographers about the custom of killing the sick children and the frail elderly among primitive peoples of Oceania and the far North, even in the nineteenth century.
Currently, there are passive and active euthanasia. Active euthanasia is the use of special tools, which lead to a quick painless death, passive – refusal to fight for saving the life of terminally ill patients.
At the beginning of the XX century, active euthanasia is practiced in some European countries. Nazi Germany where mass destruction of huge populations began with involuntary euthanasia of the mentally ill, has become a bright example of how can be implemented a right to an easy death. As a result euthanasia was banned throughout the civilized world. Again voluntary leave of life for the terminally ill, experiencing severe suffering was legalized in 1984 in the Netherlands. Then euthanasia was allowed in the entire Benelux.
In 2002, the Netherlands adopted a law on euthanasia for children over 12 years, and in March 2014 in Belgium allowed euthanasia of children without age limit. In the Netherlands euthanasia was applied to 8 teenagers for the duration of the law.
In Switzerland, euthanasia is permitted in the Canton of Zurich, and here is the most liberal in the world of law governing the question of voluntary death. With this in Zurich is booming "suicide tourism". Terminally ill people from around the world travel to the Zurich clinic to receive a lethal injection which will end their suffering.
Euthanasia is allowed in 4 States: Washington, Vermont, Georgia and Oregon. And here in Michigan was sentenced to life imprisonment and died in prison pathologist Gevorgyan, nicknamed "Dr. Death". He dispatched 130 people who applied with the request.
At the same time, some countries have legalized passive euthanasia. Comatose patients may be disconnected from life support machines at the behest of patients, stated in advance, at the request of their relatives or by the court in the United States, Germany, Switzerland, Israel, Mexico, Sweden, and the Benelux countries.
Advice 2: Where and why euthanasia is allowed
Euthanasia is ending the life of a man who suffers from a severe terminal illness and experiences intolerable suffering from the continuation of life. This method is used only in some countries. In the Russian Federation, euthanasia is equivalent to premeditated murder and is punishable under article No. 15, part No. 1 of the criminal code.
Passive euthanasia is to disconnect the patient from the machines supporting his life functions. Active euthanasia – an introduction to the person who suffers from an incurable disease special drugs that help to die quickly and painlessly. In addition, voluntary euthanasia is carried out at the request of a sick or in accordance with the legal documents executed previously, where the person did with her life and expressed the will to voluntary euthanasia, if he's in a coma and will be unable to ask the person about his killing. Involuntary euthanasia is conducted at the request of the family if the patient is in a coma and the doctors ' prognosis for recovery the worst.
Why they allowed euthanasia
With the help of modern medical technologies, methods of resuscitation and drugs can significantly prolong the life of a man who without rendering modern medical care would have long since died themselves. But that means living under devices or strong medication? This state of life, which is eternal suffering, and no hope for subsequent life, in whatever form. In other words – it is life in the form of plants. To be able to support life, requires large financial costs, which is a heavy burden on patient's relatives. Moreover, everyone has the right to freedom of choice.
But if the doctor will help the patient to die, as did the Hippocratic oath? The Hippocratic oath is a direct contradiction of the implementation of euthanasia.
Where euthanasia is allowed
The Netherlands. It is the first country that already in 1984 the Supreme court ruled voluntary euthanasia an acceptable way of death to end unbearable suffering.
Belgium. The legalization of euthanasia in Belgium, implemented in 2002. Already in 2003, 200 terminally ill patients voluntarily withdrew from life. In 2004, the euthanasia was carried out 360 patients.
USA. In 1994, the assisted suicide permitted in Oregon, in November 2008 in Washington state. In March 2012 Georgia Nathan deal signed a law banning euthanasia.
Switzerland, Sweden, Luxembourg, Australia supported the idea of euthanasia and issued bills allowing patients to disconnect from the apparatus of artificial life support or administration of drugs with which the patient painlessly leave this world.
Germany. The Federal court ruled that euthanasia is not associated with the deliberate killing and it is not contraindications.