Advice 1: How to write a rebuttal

A rebuttal is a logical operation for the establishment of unfounded, unproven or of the falsity of previously submitted thesis. To write a refutation correctly, you should be familiar with the basic laws of formal logic.
How to write a rebuttal
Instruction
1
Judgment refute with facts. To place factual evidence, you must have documents (e.g., for trial) or, for example, certified the results of scientific research, as well as audio-, video - photo materials (for any occasion). These arguments are the strongest, because based on the evidence proving the facts from which the falsity and groundlessness refuted.
2
Set the inconsistency (or falsity) of effects resulting from the thesis. This technique is called "reduction to absurdity". The starting point in this case would be to deny recognition of the thesis on time as real. Print out the investigation, apparently contrary to truth, that is absurd.
3
Expose criticism of the arguments of the opponent in the proof of the thesis and prove their inconsistency. But do not forget that the thesis of the opponent may be true, but it has no weighty arguments in proof of this. So, if the person is not guilty of the crime of which he is accused, but has no serious evidence of his innocence, the hearing may be postponed until such time as all the facts are uncovered.
4
Refute the statements of the opponent, if the evidence given by them in defense of his thesis, contrary to logic and lead to incorrect conclusion about the truth of the judgment. However, errors detected during the demonstration, the opponent of the evidence, not testify that he put forward the thesis about.
5
Refute the thesis of the opponent and another way. Pull out the antithesis and, using logical evidence to establish that the true he. For example, the statement: "All dogs bark" can be refuted by the proposition "Some dogs don't bark", if you have the opportunity to show at least one dog, devoid of such abilities. In other words, the proof of the antithesis also need the facts (documents, etc.) and their demonstration.

Advice 2: How to write an objection to the petition

If you filed a lawsuit and the court has invited you as a defendant, you automatically gets the right to protection. The task of the plaintiff to blame you, your task is to prove his innocence. The objection to the claim a statement is only possible in civil proceedings (disputes about the ownership, family matters, violation of labor laws, etc.).
How to write an objection to the petition
Instruction
1
The objection to the claim statement is a denial by the Respondent of the legitimacy of the judicial process (for example, you believe that the plaintiff has no rights to your apartment) or a refutation of one of the claims (for example, do you agree that the right for your living space it has, but not the whole, but only half). There are two types of objections to the claim statement:
• substantive law – that objection, refuting the claim of the plaintiff. Here, the defendant refers to the substantive law and opposed the validity of the claim and the law and actual circumstances. Objecting to the claim so the defendant must prove their innocence and the lack of legal grounds for filing a claim.
• procedure – the objection against the process, where the goal of the defendant is no longer proof of his innocence in the matter, and an indication of the lack of legal grounds for the emergence and movement of the whole process.
2
To write an objection to the claim statementin the first place, carefully review the essence of the claim, factual circumstances of the case and the law relied upon by plaintiff. You should clearly understand what and on what basis you accuse.
Serve an objection to the claim statement to the court at the place of the hearing.
Making an objection in written form (handwritten), specify the following:
• what the court of appeal
• the name and address of the claimant
• the name and address of the defendant
• the text of the objection (why you disagree) are to be found in a free form
• it is advisable to refer to a specific rule of law
• the court heard, present evidence of his innocence
• in the Appendix present a list of documents that apply
• date and signature
3
As evidence can be contracts, receipts, receipts, copies of which you are sure is applied to the objection to the claim statement. At the request of the court, be prepared to provide originals.
To prove his innocence with help from the witness, notify the court.
In objection you can make an application (e.g. examination report).
4
The objection to the claim you can write on any stage of the trial until the court ruled on the merits of the case.
Remember that the written disagreement with the claim – your right, not an obligation. You can not write it, and his right to defend in court.
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